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Primary Classroom Management

Presenter: - Muhammad Naqiyyuddin - Izzat Syafiq

Primary Classroom Management

Introduction

The Concept of Classroom Management

Characteristics of an Effective Teacher in Managing a Classroom

Introduction
The

government primary schools in Malaysia is specifically for children between the ages of seven to twelve years old. The period for primary school is about six years, starting from Year One to Year Six. At each stage or year, pupils are being routed to their respective classes according to achievement test administered by the school.

teacher is responsible for educating children of all races. Teachers also have to face the students with the achievement of socio-economic background and languages that are different. Infrastructure and the school's position as rural and urban areas adds to the challenge of a teacher. in addition, teachers also need to understand that the tasks and challenges in every school and every classroom is different.

Doyle

(1986) has identified several features that make the classroom a place of unique and challenging of which are:
Multidimensionality - A classroom is many things : a learning laboratory, a social center, a peer group, a collection of individuals who go to lunch together, and more. Classrooms are also crowded and busy places. Many people must use limited resources to achieve a wide range of objectives. Events must be organized and scheduled; records must be kept. And work must be planned for students who vary widely in abilities and interests.

Simultaneity - Many things happen at the same time in classrooms. A reading group operates while the rest of the class does seatwork. Some students finish a test in five minutes while others take ten minutes. Immediacy - Events happen fast in classrooms. There is little time to think before acting. The sheer number of interchanges a teacher has with students is extraordinarily large often over 1, 000 per day. And a teacher must act immediately.

Unpredictability - Events in classrooms are not easy to predict. Interruptions are frequent. Immediate circumstances influence the way events unfold during a particular day or class period. Publicness - Classrooms are public places and the teacher is always on stage. Incidents involving the teacher and one or more students are usually seen by the entire class. Sometimes witnesses encourage disruptive students. At the very least, witnesses learn something about the teachers ability to manage the classroom and enforce the rules.

The Concept of Classroom Management


Many

educators relate the classroom management methods to deal with discipline problems in the classroom. It is also often seen as something that teachers need to do before the actual lesson begins. Studies have also shown that effective classroom management contributes to higher academic achievement.

Richards

(1990) interpret classroom management as an organization and teachers control on behavior, movement and interaction during the learning progress of students so that teaching can be implemented effectively. According to Alberto & Troutman (1986), classroom management can be defined as teachers' skills to manage time, space, educational resources, the role and behavior of students in providing an appropriate climate for learning.

Effective

classroom management will help achieve the following goals:

encourage appropriate student behavior develop a positive learning environment interpersonal relationships between teachers and pupils and pupils using the time slot for an optimal learning increase student involvement in the activities of teaching and learning (p&p) reduce discipline problems effective routine management students learn to control and manage themselves

Knowledge of the needs of students

By Abram Maslow, human needs are hierarchical and can be divided into two, namely physiological needs and psychological needs. According to Maslow, people will always strive to meet the primary needs, namely physiological needs, safety, love and selfesteem. Once the primary needs are filled, then the individual will to try to meet the needs of selfperfection, knowledge and aesthetic.

Secondary

Primary

In

addition to the physiological and psychological requirements, students must also have academic requirements. They include the need to:

understand the objectives of teaching participate actively in the learning process interact positively with peers learning related to daily life and interests of students time to complete the task or interact experience of success accurate and realistic feedback

Classroom Management

To reflect Control Manage

Teacherstudent relationship

Plan

Plan

When planning, teachers will refer to the syllabus to determine the objectives and learning outcomes. Teachers will select the topic, determining the most appropriate approach, choosing strategies and teaching methods, taking into account different learning styles. Then teachers need to develop activities or tasks that correspond to the level of student achievement. At this time, teachers will take into account the place of learning, whether in classrooms, laboratories, library, etc..

Manage

Teachers should give clear instructions, inform the rules and procedures, coordinate and organize activities and learning materials, distributes assignments, dividing students into groups, determining the position and arrangement of the pupils or groups. This is done so that students understand the future direction of education and their role in the classroom.

Control

Teachers need to monitor, ensure that the students comfortable enough learning materials and is involved in learning. If there are students who do not pay attention or cause problems, teachers can call and provide disciplinary action if necessary.

To

reflect

Teachers analyze and evaluate the effectiveness of his practice, approaches, strategies and methods used, the activities or tasks, teaching aids and forms of assessment used during instruction. Teachers must take responsibility and be open to accept the possibility of errors and make changes, willing to try other alternatives, to hear and consider information from other sources.

Teacher-student

relationship

Teachers must demonstrate an appropriate level of dominance, such as setting clear what is expected of the student, the rules and procedures and the consequences of undesirable behavior. At the same time, teachers also need to show cooperation, which is to encourage students to function as a team.

Characteristics of an effective teacher in managing a classroom


1. 2. 3.

Personal Qualities Teaching & Learning Competencies Disposition & Moral Practice

1. Personal Qualities
Commitment,

responsibility & integrity are the personal qualities an effective teacher need to have in managing a classroom. Responsible means living up to obligation & ensure those are fulfilled. Integrity means ethical behavior or code of moral values such as honest and fair.

2. Teaching & Learning Competencies


Effective

use of teaching style, personality and instructional strategies to maximize the students ability to formulate new knowledge. Effective teacher are facilitator & designer of students ability.

3. Disposition & Moral Practice


Means the natural or acquired habit or characteristic tendency in a person or thing. The disposition occur towards:

Children and youth be sensitive on how to express care, friendliness to students. Knowledge & thought process self upgrade guided by enquiry. The areas to upgrade are the content & curriculum, pedagogical content, methodology, behavior & discipline management, instructional technology, learning process.

cont

Colleagues & other adults this involve social interaction, dialogue & scaffolding this can construct new ideas, enhance intellectual development.