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Charles Babbage (Dec. 1791 – Oct. 1871)
ØCharles Babbage was born on Dec. 26, 1791, London, England And died on Oct 18, 1871 ØBabbage's birthplace is disputed, but he was most likely born at 44 Crosby Row, Walworth Road, London, 3/23/13 England.
was a banking partner of the Praeds and owned the Bitton Estate in Teignmouth Ø Ø Father : Mother : Betsy Plumleigh Babbage Wife : He married Georgiana Whitmore (In 1814) Children : Charles and georgiana had eight Ø Ø children 3/23/13 .Family Benjamin Babbage.
ON which forced his family to send him to a clergy Ø Ø operated school for special care. South Devon. in Baker Street. Around the age of eight he was sent to a country school in Alphington near Exeter to recover from a life-threatening fever.EDUCATI Babbage suffered from many childhood illnesses. Enfield. Middlesex 3/23/13 and took facility of private tutors.Academy such as Holmwood academy. ØHis father's money allowed Charles to receive instruction from several schools and tutors during the course of his elementary education. He studied at different schools which included King Edward VI Grammar School in Totnes. Ø .
Ø He was also a member of Ghost club and The 3/23/13 Extractors Club. Thomas Simpson.His interest in Mathematics got generated during his stint at the Academy at Forty Hills in Middlesex. Joseph Louis Lagrange. Ø Being disappointed in the mathematical instruction available at Cambridge. and Lacroix . John Herschel. and several other friends formed the Analytical Society in 1812. Ø . George Peacock. Ø Babbage arrived at Trinity College. In response. Cambridge in October 1810 Ø Had read extensively in Leibniz. Babbage.
he failed to graduate with honours but instead received an honorary degree without examination in 1814 Ø 3/23/13 . Cambridge. Ø Being the top mathematician at Peterhouse.In 1812 Babbage transferred to Peterhouse .
Research work and was also a Management Scientist.Ø Occupat ionwas an English Charles Babbage. inventor and mechanical engineer who originated the concept of a programmable computer. mathematician. philosopher. He undertook various Experiments. Ø 3/23/13 .
Contribution Contributed three papers on the ‘’Calculus of Functions’’ to the Philosophical Transactions between 1815-1817 Ø Became a Fellow member of the Royal Society in 1816 Ø Raised the Standard of Mathematical instruction in England alongwith JOHN HERSCHEL and GEORGE PEACOCK Ø In 1822. Ø . he contributed to the Royal Society on 3/23/13 the relation between Notation and Mechanism.
From 1828-1839 Babbage was Lucasian professor of Mathematics at Cambridge. Ø He was instrumental in founding the Astronomical(1820) and Statistical(1834) Socities. Ø 3/23/13 . Ø He Contributed largely to several scientific peiodicals.
Ø computer’’ Ø Work and Charles Babbage is Considered as a “father of the Experiments Babbage is credited with inventing the first mechanical computer that eventually led to more complex designs. 3/23/13 .
Difference Engine 3/23/13 .
and the government granted him £1500 to construct it. 3/23/13 . 1822 ØIt was able to calculate polynomials by using a numerical method called the differences method. in 1823. ØThe Society approved the idea.Ø Babbage presented something that he called "difference engine" to the Royal Astronomical Society on Jun 14.
Analytical Engine 3/23/13 .
ØBetween 1833 and 1842 he tried to build a machine that would be programmable to do any kind of calculation. not just ones relating to polynomial equations. Babbage started the design of the Analytical Engine in 1834. ØThe mature analytical engine used punched cards adapted from the Jacquard loom to specify input and the calculations to perform. ØHe than began to think about an improved calculating engine. 3/23/13 ØThe engine consisted of two parts: the mill and the .ØAfter his Difference Engine failed in its test in 1833.
which we would consider memory.The mill. executed the operations on values retrieved from the store. analogous to a modern computer's CPU. Ø 3/23/13 punched .
Difference Engine No.2 3/23/13 .
Ø Babbage made no attempt to actually construct the machine. Ø 3/23/13 .Using knowledge gained from the analytical engine Babbage started designing a second difference engine between October 1846 and March 1849 Ø It used only about 8000 parts. Unlike the analytical engine that he continually tweaked and modified. he did not try to improve the second difference engine after completing the initial design. three times fewer than the first. Ø Ø It was a marvel of mechanical engineering.
Ø Babbage's accomplishments In 1824 Babbage won the Gold Medal of the Royal He contributed largely to several scientific periodicals. Ø 3/23/13 . Ø Charles Babbage also achieved notable results in cryptography. From 1828 to 1839 Babbage was Lucasian professor of mathematics at Cambridge. and was instrumental in founding the Astronomical Society in 1820 and the Statistical Society in 1834.Ø Astronomical Society "for his invention of an engine for calculating mathematical and astronomical tables".
3/23/13 . the metal frame attached to the front of locomotives that clears the tracks of obstacles in 1838 ØHe also performed several studies on Isambard Kingdom Brunel's Great Western Railway.ØBabbage also invented the pilot (also called a cowcatcher).
Ø “Early Approach to Management ” MANAGEMENT SCIENTIST A MATHS PROFESSOR WHO PUBLICLY SUPPORTED THE IDEA OF DIVISION OF LABOUR Ø HE BELIEVED THAT EACH FACTORY OPERATION SHOULD BE THOROUGHLY UNDERSTOOD SO THAT THE NECESESSARY SKILL INVOLVED IN EACH OPERATION COULD BE ISOLATED Ø 3/23/13 .
HE WAS IMPRESSED AND BELIEVED IN THE WORK SPECIALISATION CONCEPT(THE DEGREE TO WHICH WORK IS DIVIDED INTO VARIOUS TASKS) Ø EACH OPERATION COULD THEN BE TRAINED IN ONE SPECIFIC SKILL AND MADE RESPONSIBLE ONLY FOR THAT PART OF OPERATION Ø 3/23/13 .