How Does Body Speak?
- Like any spoken language, body language has words, sentences and punctuation. - Each gesture is like a single word and one word may have several different meanings.


 According to the social anthropologist, Edward T. Hall, in a normal conversation between two persons, less than 35% of the social meanings is actually transmitted by words.  So, at least 65% of it is conveyed through the body (non-verbal channel).


Why Is It Important to Understand Body Language?
    A murder case in Los Angeles in 1988. President Bush senior in Australia in 1993 An American teenager in Nigeria in 1997 An American couple in New Zealand in 1999  People in other parts of the globe are more perceptive to “body language” than the North Americans (do).

from head to toes 5 .Let’s Examine How Body Communicates.

back and forth . Laos . Yugoslavia.Rocking head slowly.“yes. the Philippines.“yes” in Thailand. India.“Yes” in most societies .“No” in some parts of Greece.HEAD . Bulgaria.Tossing the head backward . I‟m listening” in most Asian cultures 6 .Nodding the head . and Turkey .

FACE 7 .

* The Asians are sometimes known as .mixed-up emotion 8 . but…..emotionless . feelings and attitudes.FACE * Facial expressions reflect emotion.

“Hello” in the Philippines * Winking eye .flirtatious gesture in other countries 9 . Europe . Canada.“Yes” in Thailand and some Asian countries .Sharing secret in America and Europe .EYES * Eye contacts .Rude in most Asian countries and in Africa * Raising eyebrows .Encouraged in America.

“I‟m listening and concentrating.” in Japan.EYES (Cont‟d) * Closed eyes . Thailand.bored or sleepy in America . China 10 .

“I‟m sorry.” in parts of India * Cupping the ear .” in all societies * Pulling ear .EARS * Ear grasp .“I can‟t hear you.“You are in my heart” for Navajo Indians 11 .

” England .“Watch out!” or "Be careful.“It‟s confidential.NOSE * Holding the nose .” universal * Nose tap .” Italy 12 .“Something smells bad.

“It‟s me.NOSE * Pointing to nose .” Japan * Blowing nose .‟ 13 . blowing the nose at social gathering is „disgusting.In most Asian countries.

attractive.“That‟s crazy.” Germany * Cheek stroke . success” most Europe 14 .Italy .“pretty.CHEEKS * Cheek screw .gesture of praise .

To attract attention in the Philippines. bite. to beckon a waiter in Mexico. kiss. yawn. smile. * Kiss. “That‟s good!” “That‟s great!” “That‟s beautiful!. kissing is considered an intimate sexual act and not permissible in public. point. In parts of Asia. spit. In France. it conveys several messages. even as a social greeting.LIPS AND MOUTH * Whistle. * Kissing sound.. * Finger tip kiss. sneeze.” 15 .

spitting in public is to rid a person‟s waste and. therefore. is healthy. * In the PRC and many other Asian countries. * Spitting in public is considered rude and crude in most Western cultures. 16 .LIPS AND MOUTH (Cont‟d) * Spitting.

* Open mouth. and many Latin Americans. Any display of the open mouth is considered very rude in most countries. Puerto Ricans.THE LIP POINTING * Lip pointing (a substitute for pointing with the hand or finger) is common among Filipinos. 17 . Native Americans.

” or “I disagree with what I am hearing. are more reserved. * Folding arms are interpreted by some social observers as a form of excluding self. use the arms freely. like the Japanese. it is considered impolite to gesticulate with broad movements of the arms.” 18 . like the Italians. “I am taking a defensive posture.ARMS * Some cultures. Others.

19 . or even anger. * Arms behind back. this stance signals aggression. * Arms in front. common practice in most Asian countries. is a sign of mutual respect for others. resistance. In many cultures. hands grasped. impatience.ARMS (Cont‟d) * Arms akimbo. hands grasped is a sign of ease and control.

or farewells. * Hand waves are used for greetings.HANDS * Of all the body parts. 20 . beckoning. the hands are probably used most for communicating non-verbally.

” 21 .HANDS * The Italian “good-bye” wave can be interpreted by Americans as the gesture of “come here.” * The American “good-bye” wave can be interpreted in many parts of Europe and Latin America as the signal for “no.

* The American “come here” gesture could be seen as an insult in most Asian countries.HANDS (Cont‟d) * Beckoning. 22 . to beckon a waiter to refill your tea. * The American way of getting attention (raising a hand with the index finger raised above head) could be considered rude in Japan. and also means “two” in Germany. * In China. simply turn your empty cup upside down.

HANDS (Cont‟d) * Handshaking is a form of greeting in most Western cultures. * In the Middle East. a gentle grip and an avoidance of direct eye contact is appropriate. * In most Asian cultures. 23 . a gentle grip is appropriate.

24 .HANDS * Hand-holding among the same sex is a custom of special friendship and respect in several Middle Eastern and Asian countries.

In certain countries in the Middle East and in Asia. it is best to present business cards or gifts. * Left hand is considered unclean in much of the Middle East and in parts of Indonesia. or to pass dishes of food. The right hand has special significance in many societies. 25 .HANDS (Cont‟d) * Right hand. using only the right hand or both. to get an attention.

it means six. it means. “Would you like a drink?” 26 .” * in Japan. * In Mexico (do vertically). (thumb and little finger extended) * could convey different meanings: * in Hawaii. it‟s a way of saying.HANDS (Cont‟d) * Hang loose.” or “Relax. “Stay cool.

audience frequently clap in rhythm. * Russians and Chinese may use applause to greet someone.HANDS (Cont‟d) * Clapping hands. 27 . * In many central and eastern Europe.

” in most cultures.K. “zero” or “worthless” in some parts of Europe “money” in Japan an insult in Greece. Italy. (the thumb and forefinger form a circle) means * * * * “fine.FINGERS * The “O.” signal.K.” or “O. Brazil. Russia and some other countries 28 . Turkey.

“One” in Germany * Avoid a thumb-up in these countries: Australia. New Zealand.FINGERS (Cont‟d) * “Thumb-up” means: * “O. Iran. Greece. Turkey. and most African countries.K. * “Up yours!” in Australia * “Five” in Japan. 29 .” “good job” or “fine” in most cultures. Russia.

* But it is considered impolite in Japan and China where they favor using the whole open hand. * Pointing with the index finger is common in North America and Europe.FINGERS (Cont‟d) * Pointing. * Malaysians prefer 30 .

* Sitting cross-legged. * In Asia and some European countries. 31 . do not point with your toes. putting feet up on a desk or any other piece of furniture is very disrespectful. is very impolite in other parts of the world.LEGS AND FEET * In Asia. while common in North America and some European countries.

resting the ankle over the other knee risks pointing the sole of your shoe at another person.LEGS AND FEET (Cont‟d) * In most Asian countries. Sitting cross-legged shows the sign of disrespect. which is considered a rude gesture. 32 .•a solid and balanced sitting posture is the prevailing custom. * In the Middle East and most parts of Asia.

WALKING * Walking can reflect many characteristics of a culture. * In Japan and Korea. men who are friends may walk holding each other‟s hand. For example. older women commonly walk a pace or two behind male companion. * Asians often regard Western women as bold and aggressive. 33 . for they walk with a longer gait and a more upright posture. * In parts of Asia and some of the Middle Eastern countries.

and body movement Generous as neighbors Superficial.HOW PEOPLE OF VARIOUS PARTS OF THE WORLD VIEW AMERICANS * * * * * * Careless with dress. V. shallow and short-lasting friendship Confident but demand almost too much of self Ethnocentric . Lynn. manners. not to “fit other‟s mold.Individually feeling.less interested in others Independent . Intercultural Interacting.” Source: Tyler. (1987) * 34 .

35 .FOR ALL OF US… • Becoming sensitive to the clues of body language can help us communicate more effectively with students.

36 .• We can understand what students are saying even when they are not talking.

or when they are silent and confused.• We can sense when students are silent and digesting information. 37 .

• We can share feelings too strong or too difficult to be expressed in words. 38 .

• Or decode secret messages passing silently from person to person. 39 .

40 .• And we may spot contradictions between what students say and what they really mean.

• Finally. we can learn to be more sensitive to our own bodies – to see how they express our feelings and to see ourselves as others see us. 41 .

• We do not have bodies. 42 . we are our bodies.

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