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Teaching Assistants 17th May 2012
Read this to your partner.
I pug h fintle bim litchen.
Wigh ar wea dueing thiss? Ie feall sstewppide!
• To ensure all delegates have an overview of the teaching of phonics in school. • To ensure consistent messages regarding the teaching of phonics. • To update phonic subject knowledge.
Successful reading demands both word level reading and the ability to comprehend what has been read.
This is formalised in “The Simple View of Reading”
Phonics: The priority for training
„It is hardly surprising that training to equip those who are responsible for beginner readers with a good understanding of the core principles and skills of teaching phonic work, including those responsible for intervention programmes, has emerged as a critical issue‟
The Rose Report
Independent review of the teaching of early reading, Final
report, Jim Rose, March 2006 (DfES 0201-2006DOC-EN. ISBN 1-84478-684-6)
• Phonics should be set within a broad and rich language curriculum that takes full account of developing the four interdependent strands of language.Rose Recommendations • More attention needs to be given to speaking and listening from the outset. . • High quality. subject to the professional judgement of teachers and practitioners. • For most children phonics teaching should start by the age of five. systematic phonic work should be taught discretely and daily and in line with the definition of high quality phonic work as set out in the Rose report.
The Simple View of Reading • Word-level reading and language comprehension are both necessary to reading • Neither is sufficient on its own • This is formalised in “The Simple View of Reading” • Reading comprehension is a product of word recognition and language comprehension .
+ Word recognition - + Language comprehension .
poor language comprehension Language comprehension .Word Recognition Good language comprehension. poor language comprehension Poor word recognition. poor word recognition + Good word recognition. good language comprehension - + Good word recognition.
. • Staff need therefore to keep these two dimensions of reading separate in their minds when they plan their teaching.Implications for teaching • Staff need to be aware that different skills and abilities contribute to development of word recognition skills from those that contribute to comprehension.
. • On your tables discuss children that you have worked with and where they would be plotted on this graph.Discussion • Consider the conceptual framework – „the simple view of reading‟. • Consider how you would address their needs through your teaching.
6. 4. 3. 2. 5. 8. What is a phoneme? How many phonemes are in the word ‘strap’? a) What is a digraph? b) Give an example a) What is a CVC? b) Give an example Why has ‘hiss’ got ‘ss’ at the end (and not ‘s’)? Why has ‘think’ got a ‘k’ at the end (and not ‘ck’ or ‘c’)? a) What is a ‘trigraph’? b) Give an example How many phonemes are in the word ‘twenty’? Write down at least four different ways of representing /ae/ 10. What is the best guess when you write /ae/ at the end of a word? .A phonics quiz 1. 9. 7.
Enunciation • Teaching phonics requires a technical skill in enunciation. • Phonemes should be articulated clearly and precisely. .
Letters and Sounds • DVD clip enunciation .
Phonic terminology: some definitions .
C-u-p c-a-t d-o-g .Some definitions A phoneme is the smallest unit of sound in a word.
Count the phonemes • How many phonemes can you count in the following words? • • • • • • Mask Car Jumper Language Communication Success .
Some definitions Grapheme Letter(s) representing a phoneme t ai igh .
Some definitions Blending Recognising the letter sounds in a written word. . for example c-u-p. and merging or synthesising them in the order in which they are written to pronounce the word „cup‟.
. when a teacher calls out „b-u-s‟. This skill is usually taught before blending and reading printed words. the children say „bus‟.Some definitions Oral blending Hearing a series of spoken sounds and merging them together to make a spoken word – no text is used. For example.
h-i-m) and writing down or manipulating letters for each sound to form the word „him‟.Some definitions Segmenting Identifying the individual sounds in a spoken word (e. .g.
which make one sound A consonant digraph contains two consonants sh ck th ll A vowel digraph contains at least one vowel ai ee ar oy .Some definitions Digraph Two letters.
which make one sound igh dge .Some definitions Trigraph Three letters.
g. . make).Some definitions Split digraph A digraph in which the two letters are not adjacent (e.
ɔ. segment it into its phonemes and say them in turn.’ Definition adopted by the Rose Report . and blend the phonemes together to form a word. t/. Synthetic phonics for writing reverses the sequence: children are taught to say the word they wish to write. dog. æ. For example. and write a grapheme for each phoneme in turn to produce the written word. g/. for example /d. children are taught to take a single-syllable word such as cat apart into its three letters.Some definitions Synthetic phonics ‘Synthetic phonics refers to an approach to the teaching of reading in which the phonemes [sounds] associated with particular graphemes [letters] are pronounced in isolation and blended together (synthesised). pronounce a phoneme for each letter in turn /k.
CVC words • What do you understand by the term CVC words? • On your table make a note of five – ten CVC words. .
CVC Words • C consonant phoneme • V vowel phoneme • C consonant phoneme .
Words sometimes wrongly identified as CVC bow few saw her Why are these words not CVC words? Discuss. .
Consonant digraphs ll ss ff zz hill puff fizz sh ship ch th wh chat thin ck ng qu x fox sing quick .
CVC words – clarifying some misunderstandings pig ship sheep car boy fill song day whizz cow whip for miss huff .
CVC words – clarifying some misunderstandings • • • pig ship boy X chick car X cowX • • • • fill song day X whizz whip for X miss huff .
ll ss ff zz ck fill miss chick whizz huff Why do these words end in double letters? .
Examples of CCVC. CVCC. CCCVC and CCVCC black ccv c felt cvcc s t r o ng cccv c blank ccvcc .
A segmenting activity .
A segmenting activity s s .
A segmenting activity s s l l .
A segmenting activity s s l l i i .
A segmenting activity s s l l i i p p .
A segmenting activity Segment these words into their constituent phonemes: shelf dress think string sprint flick .
Segmenting WORD PHONEMES shelf dress think string sprint flick .
Segmenting WORD PHONEMES shelf dress think string sprint flick sh d th s s f e r i t p l l e n r r i f ss k i i ck ng n t .
A basic principle The same phoneme can be represented in more than one way: burn first term heard work .
/ae/ /ee/ /ie/ /oe/ /ue/ /oo/ /ow/ /oi/ /ar/ /au/ .
/ur/ /air/ /ear/ /n/ /j/ /r/ /s/ /e/ .
Sorting activity • • • • • • • field grow moon swarm learn bear grass .
Word field grow moon swarm learn bear grass Mistake /ie/ /ow/ /oo/ /ar/ /ear/ /ear/ regional pronunciation .
A basic principle meat he bear cow bread bed hear low .
in more than one way a e i o u oo ow oi ar or air eer a-e e-e i-e o-e u-e u oy a aw ear ai ea ie oa ue oul ou ay ee igh oe oo ough ey y y ow ew eigh ore are a ear ough .
. medial and final position in monosyllabic words.Reducing uncertainty Certain representations of a phoneme are more likely in initial.
The best bets for representing /ae/ at the beginning and in the middle of a word are a-e and ai. The best bet for representing /ae/ at the end of a word is ay.1. 2. .
Spelling • There are patterns or regularities that help to determine choices or narrow possibilities – for example for each vowel phoneme some digraphs and trigraphs are more frequently used before certain consonants than others. • Staff need to understand these patterns in order to structure their teaching and design or select appropriate activities. . • Children need to explore these patterns through word investigations.
. • Some exceptions – for example the and was – should be directly taught.High frequency words • The majority of high frequency words are phonically regular.
it should have a systematic progression with clear expectations by teachers and practitioners of the expected pace of teaching and learning.gov.dfes. http://www.Key message The Rose Report recommended that whatever phonic programme is in use by the school.standards.uk/rosereview/ .
To consider • What phonics programme is being used in our school? • Have you been involved in any way? • Have you spent any time discussing/ observing discrete phonics sessions? • Have you delivered any parts of a session? • How confident do you feel? • What would you like to be covered in the next session? .