ALBUKHARY INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION STUDIES PROGRAMME 2011-2012

ALBUKHARY INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION STUDIES PROGRAMME 2011-2012

FCC133 INFORMATION LITERACY

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ALBUKHARY INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION STUDIES PROGRAMME 2011-2012

ALBUKHARY INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION STUDIES PROGRAMME 2011-2012

FCC133 INFORMATION LITERACY

Week 5 - Session 1
Brainstorming for search terms
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Search Strategies Basics

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ALBUKHARY INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION STUDIES PROGRAMME 2011-2012

Selecting keyword

When you're first starting to formulate your research question, it can be useful to brainstorm keywords that are synonymous with or related to the major concepts of your topic, as well as narrower and broader terms. Try to create a hierarchy of concepts for your research topic - it will give you more flexibility when searching different types of databases, catalogs, etc.
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ALBUKHARY INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION STUDIES PROGRAMME 2011-2012

Selecting keyword

The official words used by catalogs and many indexes to identify all of the books or articles dealing with a particular topic are called subject headings. Subject headings can be one word, two or more words, a phrase, a city, a country, a person, etc.

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ALBUKHARY INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION STUDIES PROGRAMME 2011-2012

Brainstorming for Search Terms

Examples of subject headings are:

 Library Subject Headings: Used as the "official vocabulary" of the Libraries catalog as well as many other library catalogs.
 Science Subject Headings: Used to describe the content of documents in the Library at AIU as well as in catalogs of other medical and health sciences libraries.  Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms: This controlled vocabulary is used by American Psychological Association indexers to describe the content of documents in the database. These subject headings are sometimes called index terms or descriptors. The library has copies of the printed volume and the thesaurus is also available online, searchable from within the database. Slide # :
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ALBUKHARY INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION STUDIES PROGRAMME 2011-2012

ALBUKHARY INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION STUDIES PROGRAMME 2011-2012

FCC133 INFORMATION LITERACY

Week 5 - Session 2&3
Boolean Operators
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ALBUKHARY INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION STUDIES PROGRAMME 2011-2012

Boolean Searching

What is Boolean operators?

(named for George Boole, 1815-1864, a mathematician) combining terms such as AND, OR, and NOT used in building a search statement or in putting several sets together.

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ALBUKHARY INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION STUDIES PROGRAMME 2011-2012

Boolean Searching
Boolean Operator or Keywords

Boolean searching allows you to group words together in an electronic database or environment such as the World Wide Web to receive a number of different types of results. Depending how you group these word, you will receive different results.

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ALBUKHARY INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION STUDIES PROGRAMME 2011-2012

Boolean Searching

Boolean operators are words that connect a search that may add or subtract a concept to your search. Boolean searching is the most common and basic search strategy. It allows you to expand (return more information or matches) a search by using OR or limit (return less information) a search by using the word AND. Most of the search engines on the World Wide Web allow you to use some form of boolean searching. Slide # : 11 Example:
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ALBUKHARY INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION STUDIES PROGRAMME 2011-2012

Boolean Searching
For example:  By using an AND between words you limit the search.  By placing an OR between words it expands the search.  When you use OR you receive more information because the search engine is looking for two words rather than just one word.

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ALBUKHARY INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION STUDIES PROGRAMME 2011-2012

Boolean Searching
Boolean – ‘And’ queries
Boolean searching allows you to group words together in different combinations to produce a variety of results.  The „AND‟ queries are probably the most used and many search engines defaults to (meaning it automatically using this searching tool) that as a search strategy. It is the simplest to understand.  The query 'beach and California' will find the connection of all the documents containing the words 'beach', and 'California'

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ALBUKHARY INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION STUDIES PROGRAMME 2011-2012

Boolean Searching
Boolean – ‘And’

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ALBUKHARY INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION STUDIES PROGRAMME 2011-2012

Boolean Searching
Boolean - 'Or' queries
When doing a boolean search with the operator (thats what they call these words that define the search strategies) 'or' will broaden the search or make the search larger.  The query 'beach or California' will find documents that have either word. The document will have either the word beach OR the word California.

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ALBUKHARY INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION STUDIES PROGRAMME 2011-2012

Boolean Searching
Boolean – ‘Or’

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ALBUKHARY INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION STUDIES PROGRAMME 2011-2012

Boolean Searching
Boolean - 'Not' queries
Another type of boolean searching tool is the 'not' operator which allows you to exclude words from the search.  If a document has a word that you would like to search but that document also contains another word that you do not want to retrieve, then it will exclude that document from you search query results.

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ALBUKHARY INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION STUDIES PROGRAMME 2011-2012

Boolean Searching
Boolean - 'Not'

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ALBUKHARY INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY FOUNDATION STUDIES PROGRAMME 2011-2012

In Class Activity
By using the paper sheet given in the class, 1. Color or shade the answer of “OR” and “AND” questions. [15 minutes]

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