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RISHIKESH CHOUDHARY ELECTRICAL MACHINES AND DRIVES 12304EN005

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Introduction of hysteresis motors. Finite element formulation. Torque computation. Analysis and experiment. Analyzed model. Simulation results. Conclusion References

 Despite of it’s low power output per unit volume . the hysteresis motor is extensively used in fractional kw applications due to it’s following advantagesself starting asynchronous acceleration self synchronization constant steady state speed low noise figure . low efficiency. low power factor .

 To estimate the machine behavior Need of hysteresis modeling Electromagnetic field distribution be analyzed Modeling of semi hard PM material Hysteresis loop approximation .

   If we neglect higher order harmonics. the hysteresis ring rotating at synchronous speed undergoes static magnetic field. the area of the loop results not in torque but in loss ! . Then. why we need hysteresis modeling of the material despite of knowing that it is undergoing static field. sometime it is said that broader the hysteresis loop greater the torque but if a magnetic material experiences hysteresis loop.

When balanced stator windings are energized by balanced set of currents . Hysteresis motor exploits the principle of the hysteretic phenomena due to which the induced time varying magnetic flux at any point lags in time behind the applied mmf to that point . it produces rotating sinusoidal mmf wave in the air-gap sliding over the rotor surface at synchronous speed hence the mmf exposed to each individual elemental surface (parallel to rotor axis) becomes time varying. The necessary and sufficient conditions required for the production of steady state alignment torque are to have two fields one of which be produced by stationary member and other by rotating member having no relative speed in between so as to have constant space angular difference between them.   .

When flux density wave travels in Counterclockwise direction . Fig-1 The angle of lag is shown by the fig-1.Due to hysteresis. the magnetization in an elemental portion lags in time behind the applied mmf and when these time lagging induced magnetization of all individual elemental portions be unified together. lagging in space behind the stator produced mmf wave. a rotating flux density pattern results.

Hence the generated torque can be analyzed by employing finite element analysis using asymmetric permeability tenor.   The lag angle is well expressed by the two dimensional magnetic permeability tensor with asymmetric off diagonal components. The result is compared with experimental ones. .

the constitutive equation between magnetic flux density and magnetic filed intensity is eqn (1). -----(1) . Finite element analysis has been developed by using the two dimensional permeability tensor. If the fields are varying two dimensionally.

H sometime leads B and sometime lags behind B .If we assume the off-diagonal terms to be zero.

For the given condition we can have non zero torque------------- .

2 -----.3 .-------.

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The torque per unit volume can be expressed as .Torque per unit volume can be given If we use constitutive equation .

. this torque can be calculated in each element and sum of this torque over the hysteresis ring region is the total instantaneous torque generated in the rotor Total torque at each step can be calculated by the equation.  By using analyzed field distribution .

 Where the subscript ‘e’ means an element . and represents the area of each element. And the time averaged torque is calculated as follows θ is the phase angle of the input current. and represents axial length and E represents the entire region of ring. .

4. 4 pole and phase hysteresis motor. but the stator windings are changed into 2 phase ones. I. It was originally designed as single phase capacitance-run hysteresis motor. The specification of the analyzed motor is shown in Table. . The cross section of the analysis and experiment model is presented in the Fig.  Analyzed model – The analyzed model is a 5[W].

    The finite element mesh is shown in Fig. In the analysis. 5. The values are- . A quarter of the entire region has been analyzed by applying periodic condition. Permeability of the stator part is assumed to be constant scalar and the permeability of the hysteresis ring is considered to be a tensor. The number of the node is 2094 and that of the element is 5738.

Fig.4 Cross section Of analyzed motor  Fig-5 finite element mesh used in analysis .

 Specification of analysis motor - .

fig-6 . There is comparison between experimental and analytical result -.

 There is a comparison between simulation and experimental result in Fig. The permeability in the stator core and the values of the tensor in the hysteresis ring are assumed to be constant and three dimensional end effect is neglected. . The two results are in quite a good agreement. The cause of little differences between the two results may lie in following assumptions. 6.

The effect of current harmonics on torque Almost 25% of torque ripple exists when there exist 10% of 7‘th harmonics current component.  Fig-7 . This result implies that the output torque ripple is strongly affected by harmonics in the input current.

 Asymmetric two dimensional magnetic permeability tensor is used to represent the lag angle between 2 and E .Finite element analysis of hysteresis motor has been investigated. By use of the tensor.  But the proposed method is very effective to compute the torque and has clear meaning of the origin of the torque in the hysteresis motor.  .  The Maxwell stress tensor-like method or full hysteresis modeling to compute toque requires much time consuming cost or produces mesh dependent result. The analysis results are in quite a good agreement with experimental ones. torque under static magnetic field can be analyzed. The torque in the hysteresis motor is assumed to be due to the fact that H leads B in the hysteresis ring.

" IEEE Trans. Jackson.S. 4. vol. pp. Kurihara. Rahman.954-961. 1975 . Syst.6. Vol. 91.   pp. "Finite element analysis of rotational hysteresis loss using two dimensional permeability tensor.No. and T. "Test analysis and calculation of polyphase hysteresis motors. 168-169. No. Zaher.m 3845-3852.6./Dec. part 111 parasitic losses. September 1987 N. Magn. Jung. "Radial flux type hysteresis motor with reaction torque-numerical analysis of hysteresis motor using finite element method. A. John Wiley & Sons.. and G. "An analytical solution for the field of a hysteresis motor based on complex permeability. A. pp. No." IEEE Trans.. pp. K. Slemon. 1977 G. Lee. No. D. 1972     G. Hahn. "The hysteresis motor with an anisotropic rotor.. Trickey. October 1995 J. Vol." IEEE Trans. Nov. Classical Electrodynamics.“ Journal of Korean  Magnetics Society. 605-614." IEEE Trans. Y. Copeland.. R. 5. March 1990 H. No. Park. 2. 5. K. M.1855-62." IEEE Trans. on Power App. R. 23. Y. No. and M. Vol. on Power App. M." IEEE Trans. A. S. Syst. G. pp. vol. "An analysis of the hysteresis motor. 88. Slemon. Jackson.1915-1919. D. H. No. 1.5. A. on Power App. Energy Conversion. pp. R. "Performance predictions for large hysteresis motors. June 1969 P. December 1987 Farouk A. 5. Galan. 96. H. 5. pp. on Energy Conversion. Syst. Wakui. 156-163. Kubota. Rahman. vol. Vol.