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FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT

Pharmaceutical Industry

BY SUJAY KUMAR SAMARTH ROY KAPOOR PACKA SAHIB SINGH SHUBHAM DHANGAR 420

Health and Environmental (SHE) protection in production and . The Pharmaceutical industry has grown from mere US$ 0. The country now ranks 3 rd in terms of volume of production (10 per cent of global share) an 14 th largest by value (1. Many Indian companies maintain highest standards in Purity. Indian pharmaceutical industry growth has been fuelled by exports and its products are exported to a large number of countries with a sizeable share in the advanced regulated markets of the US and Western Europe . One reason for lower value share is the lowest cost of drugs in India ranging from 5 per cent to 50 per cent less as compared to developed countries. quality and the vast range of medicines that are manufactured.3 billion turnover in 1980 to about US$ 21.OVERVIEW Pharmaceutical industry The Indian Pharmaceutical Industry currently tops the chart amongst India 's science-based industries with wide ranging capabilities in the complex field of drug manufacture and technology. Stability and International Safety.73 billion in 2009-10. The Indian Pharmaceutical Industry ranks very high amongst all third world countries.5 per cent of global share). in terms of technology.

3 14. Zidovudine. Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs). 1 Overview of Pharmaceutical Industry The Indian Pharmaceutical Industry currently tops the chart amongst India 's science-based industries with wide ranging capabilities in the complex field of drug manufacture and technology.4 2008-09 8.6 35. Nevirapine will be supplied to Mozambique. The Indian Pharmaceutical Industry ranks very high amongst all third world countries. Many Indian companies maintain highest standards in Purity. TGA (Australia).5 per cent of global share). Health and Environmental (SHE) protection in production and supply of bulk drugs even to some innovator companies. India has carved a niche for itself by being a top generic Pharma player.1 5. Many Indian companies are part of an agreement where major AIDS drugs based on Lamivudine. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • . Export of Drugs and pharmaceuticals from 2007-08 to 2009-10 are given below: Year Exports (US$ billion) Growth (in percent) 2007-08 6. CNS group. Stability and International Safety. More of Indian companies are now seeking regulatory approvals in USA in specialized segments like Anti-infectives. Indian pharmaceutical industry growth has been fuelled by exports and its products are exported to a large number of countries with a sizeable share in the advanced regulated markets of the US and Western Europe . One reason for lower value share is the lowest cost of drugs in India ranging from 5 per cent to 50 per cent less as compared to developed countries. MCC (South Africa).overview CONT. • • • • • PHARMACEUTICALS Page no. MHRA (UK). in terms of technology. Considering that the pharmaceutical industry involves sophisticated technology and stringent "Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP) requirements. More than 50 per cent share of exports is by way of dosage forms. cardio vascular and central nervous system groups. Indian companies are now seeking more Abbreviated New Drug Approvals (ANDAs) in USA in specialized segments like antiinfective.7 2009-10 9. Rwanda. quality and the vast range of medicines that are manufactured. Exports India currently exports drug intermediates. Clinical Services to various parts of the world.9 Source: Directorate General of Commercial Intelligence and Statistics (DGCIS) Kolkata The domestic Pharma Industry The domestic Pharma Industry has recently achieved some historic milestones through a leadership position and global presence as a world class cost effective generic drugs' manufacturer of AIDS medicines. major share of Indian Pharma exports going to highly developed western countries bears testimony to not only the excellent quality of Indian pharmaceuticals but also its price competitiveness. Along with Brazil & PR China. Cardiovasculars. Increasing number of Indian pharmaceutical companies have been getting international regulatory approvals for their plants from agencies like USFDA (USA). Yet another US Scheme envisages sourcing Anti Retrovirals from some Indian companies whose products are already US FDA approved.3 billion turnover in 1980 to about US$ 21. South Africa and Tanzania which have about 33 per cent of all people living with AIDS in Africa. Bio-Pharmaceuticals. Finished Dosage Formulations (FDFs).73 billion in 2009-10. The Pharmaceutical industry has grown from mere US$ 0. Health Canada etc. India has the largest number of USFDA-approved plants for generic manufacture. The country now ranks 3 rd in terms of volume of production (10 per cent of global share) an 14 th largest by value (1. Stavudine. This speaks of the high quality standards maintained by a large number of Indian Pharma companies as these bulk actives are used by the buyer companies in manufacture of dosage forms which are again subjected to stringent assessment by various regulatory authorities in the importing countries.

Herbal medicines and Diagnostics. Pharma Export Promotion Council (Pharmexcil) The Department had played a pivotal role in the formation of Pharmexcil consequent to the recommendation from 9th Five YearAnnual Plan Working Group Report on Drugs and Pharmaceuticals.GOVT. Hyderabad and a National Centre for Medical Devices at NIPER. under the Government approval route. workshops and exhibitions. In the light of this. the Department constantly interacts with Pharmexcil in their work areas. Chemical Laboratories. Pharmexcil is concerned with giving export thrust to the various products through visits of delegations to various markets abroad. • .It is authorized to issue Registration-cum-Membership Certificate (RCMC) which is one of the requirements for the importers and exporters of commodities. Pharmexcil also holds Buyers/Sellers meets and compiles detailed data base on pharma exports and problems in exporting pharma group products of Pharmaceuticals. Pharmaceuticals. Biotechnology products. investments in existing companies). The role of Pharmexcil is for facilitation of exports of Drugs. It also proposes to set up a National Centre for R&D in bulk drugs at National Institute of Pharmaceuticals Education and Research (NIPER). Ahmedabad.As a major area of work. In addition to this. INITIATIVES • • • • • • Government Initiatives 100 per cent Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is allowed under automatic route in the drugs and pharmaceuticals sector including those involving use of recombinant technology. organizing of seminars. Biological Laboratories and Large Animal Facilities in Public Private Partnership Mode.e. FDI. is permitted for brownfield investments (i. to name a few. up to 100%. The Government plans to set up Good Laboratory practices (GLP) Compliant. in the pharmaceuticals sector. Also.

but also as an emerging hub for: Contract research Bio-technology Clinical trials and Clinical data management. Low cost scientific pool on shop floor leading to high quality documentation. India is regarded as a high-quality and skilled producer in the world. Excellent regulatory compliance capabilities for operating these assets. It is not only an API and formulation manufacturing base. Proven track record in design of high tech manufacturing facilities.Key Strengths of Pharma Sector • • • • • • • • Low cost of innovation/Manufacturing/Capex costs/expenditure to run a cGMP compliance facility. • . The country has the distinction of providing quality healthcare at affordable prices. About 95 per cent of the domestic requirement being met through domestic production. Recent success track record in circumventing API/formulation patents.

The NDDR is also an expensive activity. This has boosted the confidence of MNC Pharma companies in India where a number of western Pharma companies have already R&D collaborations with Indian Pharma companies in the field of NDDR. excellent infrastructure. Some Indian companies have also got US-FDA approvals for their new molecules as Innovative New Drugs (lND). Considering the low cost of Research and Development in India. Cancer. obesity & cancer. metabolic disorders like diabetes. • • . Many of them have set up independent R&D centres in India. In conclusion new drug discovery in India has made a promising start wherein at least five to six potential candidates in the areas of Malaria. respiratory. Here. Most of these companies have increased their R&D spending to over 5 per cent of their respective sales turnovers. several MNC Pharma companies as well as global Clinical Research Organizations are increasingly making India a clinical research hub. Western Pharma companies have recognized the attractiveness of India as a R&D outsourcing destination due to low cost scientific manpower. GCP guidelines. inflammation. top quality with capability to conduct modern research under GLP. There is notable success from some Indian companies in out licensing new molecules in the asthma and diabetes segments to foreign companies. Introduction of Product Patent for Pharmaceuticals is an important feature for Indian Pharma R&D scenario. Clinical Trials to establish safety and efficacy of drugs constitute nearly 70 per cent of R&D costs. It is encouraging to observe that at least 10 Indian companies are into new drug discovery in the areas of infections. Obesity. the New Drug Discovery Research (NDDR) has to keep pace with the emerging pattern of diseases as well as responses in managing existing diseases where target organisms are becoming resistant to existing drugs. Diabetes and Infections are likely to reach Phase II clinical trials.Research and Development • • In no other Industry segment innovative R&D is as critical as in Pharma industry.

AUROBINDO PHARMA TYPE PUBLIC .