Why you should Care about Diesels

Growth in Passenger Vehicle use of Diesel Engines is all around us…and its coming to North America

Toureg and Passat GLK 250 (2013) and C Class (2014) Porsche Volkswagen .0L (3 Series and X1) 3. GLK 350 BlueTec Sprinter (older versions are Dodge or Freightliner) Cayenne Beetle. A8 (2013) and Q5 (2013) BMW General Motors Chrysler X5 xDrive 35d and 335d (Canada only) Chevrolet Express Van. R350 BlueTec (Canada Only).5% of NA production by 2015 OEM AUDI A3 and Q7 Current offerings Future offerings A6 (2014). S350 BlueTec.0L (X 3 and X5 – New Engine) (2013) Chevrolet Cruze (2013) Cadillac ATS (2014) Jeep Grand Cherokee (2013) Ford Mazda MercedesBenz Super Duty F250/350 /450 and F550 Chassis Cab Ford Transit (2014) 2. Jetta.Expected to reach 7.2L Skyactiv-D (Mazda 6) 2013 and CX-5 Crossover (2014) E350 BlueTec. ML350 BlueTec. Golf. Silverado 2500 & 3500 GMC Savana. Jetta Wagon. Sierra 2500HD and 3500HD Ram 2500 and 3500 2.

Diesel’s can have varying air/fuel ratio’s • Under full loads air/fuel ratios can vary between 17:1 and 29:1 • At idle it is possible to exceed 145:1 .History of Diesel Engines • Invented in 1890’s by Rudolph Diesel (patented in 1892) • Based on Compression Ignition • Compression Ratios can be as high as 25:1 • Unlike Gas Engines.

Rudolph Diesel’s Original 1897 Engine .

2010 –DEF/SCR systems . Previous limit was 500ppm.Technology Changes due to EPA regulations 1998 – EGR 2002 – Cooled EGR 2007 –Catalytic Particulate Filter Trap: Requires use of ULSD Fuel (Sulpher content limit 15ppm.

Who Determines What the Fuels Characteristics Are? Diesel Fuels From Different Refineries ASTM International (American Society for Testing and Materials) ASTM D975 -12a ASTM D6751-12 .

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What is Biodiesel and Where is it Blended? .

• Untreated. such as promoting bacterial and fungal growths in fuel.(Bio) Diesel Fuel Issues • Water from condensation accumulates in the fuel tank which allows bacteria to grow in the fuel. • This excess water has several detrimental effects. • Biodiesel holds more water dissolved or in-suspension than does traditional diesel. this bacteria can eventually clog Filters and Injectors Contaminated Diesel Fuel Bacteria found in Diesel Fuel .

Other Fuels Used in Diesel Engines • E-Diesel – Diesel or Biodiesel blended with up to 15% Ethanol • Natural Gas o CNG – Compressed Natural Gas o LNG – Liquefied Natural Gas • Propane .

Where did All the Soot Go? .So.

How a Clean Diesel Process Fuel .

and carbon effect the injector spray pattern which leads to driveability issues.Injector Deposits Two types of Deposits Externalgum. Internal- reduces flow of fuel which reduces engine performance. Caused by metal salts deposits. varnish. . loss of performance and lower fuel economy.

How a Clean Diesel Processes Exhaust Gases to Improve Emissions Exhaust Gas Recirculation .

EGR Circuit Restriction Problems .

How a Clean Diesel Process Exhaust •Small amounts of UREA (DEF) is added to the exhaust which converts it to an ammonia •Ammonia reacts with the NOx stored in the NOx trap. resulting in improved fuel economy . The byproduct is nitrogen and water •This technology is so effective that it allows for leaner air/fuel ratios.

Downstream Soot .

Dilution of Motor Oil by BioDiesel Fuels .

and an increased risk of lung cancer. . automotive electronics manufacturer A Word of Warning on “Delete Kits” Edge Products LLC (Edge) has agreed to pay a $500. 2013) . Diesel trucks that are not equipped with emission controls known as “diesel particulate filters” emit excess particulate matter (PM). including respiratory and cardiovascular disease. Environmental Protection Agency. chronic bronchitis. DC . When running. PM is associated with a number of health problems.000 civil penalty for manufacturing and selling electronic devices that allowed owners of model year 2007 and later diesel pickup trucks to remove emission controls from their vehicles. trucks without these types of controls leave behind a trail of dark.S.January 17. black smoke.(Washington. decreased lung function.In a settlement with the United States on behalf of the U.

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