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Why you should Care about Diesels Growth in Passenger Vehicle use of Diesel Engines is all

Why you should Care about

Diesels

Growth in Passenger Vehicle use of Diesel Engines is all

around us…and its coming to

North America

Expected to reach 7.5% of NA production

by 2015

OEM

Current offerings

Future offerings

AUDI

A3 and Q7

A6 (2014), A8 (2013) and Q5 (2013)

BMW

X5 xDrive 35d and 335d (Canada only)

2.0L (3 Series and X1) 3.0L (X 3 and X5 New Engine)

(2013)

General

Chevrolet Express Van, Silverado 2500 & 3500

Chevrolet Cruze (2013) Cadillac ATS (2014)

Motors

GMC Savana, Sierra 2500HD and 3500HD

Chrysler

Ram 2500 and 3500

Jeep Grand Cherokee (2013)

Ford

Super Duty F250/350 /450 and F550 Chassis Cab

Ford Transit (2014)

Mazda

 

2.2L Skyactiv-D (Mazda 6) 2013 and CX-5 Crossover

(2014)

Mercedes-

E350 BlueTec, ML350 BlueTec, R350 BlueTec

GLK 250 (2013) and C Class (2014)

Benz

(Canada Only), S350 BlueTec, GLK 350 BlueTec

Sprinter (older versions are Dodge or Freightliner)

Porsche

Cayenne

 

Volkswagen

Beetle, Golf, Jetta, Jetta Wagon, Toureg and Passat

 

History of Diesel Engines

• Invented in 1890’s by Rudolph Diesel (patented in 1892) • Based on Compression Ignition •
• Invented in 1890’s by Rudolph
Diesel (patented in 1892)
• Based on Compression Ignition
• Compression Ratios can be as
high as 25:1
• Unlike Gas Engines, Diesel’s can
have varying air/fuel ratio’s
• Under full loads air/fuel ratios
can vary between 17:1 and
29:1
• At idle it is possible to exceed
145:1
Rudolph Diesel’s Original 1897 Engine

Rudolph Diesel’s

Original 1897 Engine

Technology Changes due to EPA regulations

Technology Changes due to EPA regulations 1998 – EGR 2002 – Cooled EGR 2007 – Catalytic
  • 1998 EGR

  • 2002 Cooled EGR

  • 2007 Catalytic Particulate Filter Trap:

Requires use of ULSD Fuel (Sulpher

content limit 15ppm. Previous limit

was 500ppm.

  • 2010 DEF/SCR systems

Who Determines What the Fuels Characteristics

Are?

Diesel Fuels From Different Refineries

ASTM

International (American Society

for Testing and

Materials)

ASTM D975 -12a

ASTM D6751-12

Who Determines What the Fuels Characteristics Are? Diesel Fuels From Different Refineries ASTM International (American Society

What is Biodiesel and Where is it Blended?

What is Biodiesel and Where is it Blended?
What is Biodiesel and Where is it Blended?
What is Biodiesel and Where is it Blended?

(Bio) Diesel Fuel

Issues

Water from condensation accumulates in the fuel tank which allows bacteria to grow in the fuel. Biodiesel holds more water dissolved or in-suspension than does traditional diesel. This excess water has several detrimental effects, such as promoting bacterial and fungal growths in fuel. Untreated, this bacteria can eventually clog Filters and

Injectors

(Bio) Diesel Fuel Issues • Water from condensation accumulates in the fuel tank which allows bacteria

Contaminated Diesel Fuel

(Bio) Diesel Fuel Issues • Water from condensation accumulates in the fuel tank which allows bacteria

Bacteria found in Diesel Fuel

Other Fuels Used in Diesel Engines

E-Diesel Diesel or Biodiesel blended with up to 15% Ethanol

Natural Gas

o CNG Compressed Natural Gas o LNG Liquefied Natural Gas

Propane

So, Where did All the Soot Go?

How a Clean Diesel Process Fuel

How a Clean Diesel Process Fuel
How a Clean Diesel Process Fuel

Injector Deposits

Two types of Deposits

External- gum, varnish,

and carbon effect the injector spray pattern which leads to driveability issues,

loss of performance and

lower fuel economy.

Internal- reduces flow of fuel which reduces engine performance. Caused by metal salts deposits.

Injector Deposits Two types of Deposits External- gum, varnish, and carbon effect the injector spray pattern
Injector Deposits Two types of Deposits External- gum, varnish, and carbon effect the injector spray pattern

How a Clean Diesel Processes Exhaust

Gases to Improve Emissions

How a Clean Diesel Processes Exhaust Gases to Improve Emissions Exhaust Gas Recirculation

Exhaust Gas Recirculation

How a Clean Diesel Processes Exhaust Gases to Improve Emissions Exhaust Gas Recirculation

EGR Circuit Restriction Problems

EGR Circuit Restriction Problems
EGR Circuit Restriction Problems
EGR Circuit Restriction Problems

How a Clean Diesel Process Exhaust

How a Clean Diesel Process Exhaust • Small amounts of UREA (DEF) is added to the

Small amounts of UREA (DEF) is added to the exhaust which converts it to an ammonia

Ammonia reacts with the NOx

stored in the NOx trap. The by-

product is nitrogen and water

This technology is so effective that it allows for leaner air/fuel

ratios, resulting in improved fuel

economy

Downstream Soot

Downstream Soot
Downstream Soot

Dilution of Motor Oil by BioDiesel Fuels

Dilution of Motor Oil by BioDiesel Fuels

(Washington, DC - January 17, 2013) - In a settlement with the United States on behalf of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, automotive electronics manufacturer

Edge Products LLC (Edge) has

agreed to pay a $500,000 civil

penalty for manufacturing and selling electronic devices that allowed owners of model year 2007 and later diesel pickup

trucks to remove emission

controls from their vehicles. Diesel

trucks that are not equipped with

emission controls known as “diesel particulate filters” emit excess

particulate matter (PM). When

running, trucks without these types

of controls leave behind a trail of

dark, black smoke. PM is associated with a number of health problems, including respiratory and cardiovascular disease, chronic

bronchitis, decreased lung function,

and an increased risk of lung cancer.

A Word of Warning on “Delete

Kits”

(Washington, DC - January 17, 2013) - In a settlement with the United States on behalf
(Washington, DC - January 17, 2013) - In a settlement with the United States on behalf