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Vladimir Baranoff-Rossiné

abstract art par excellence

1888-1944

Biography
UKRAINE | RUSSIA

1888
Birth Name: “Wladimir Davidovich Baranov Rossiné” Birth Place: Kherson, Ukraine (part of the Russian monarchy at the time, before World War I).

1903-1907
Studies: in Odessa. Later, at Imperial Academy of Fine Arts in St. Petersburg. Later, at L‟Ecole Supérieure Technique.

Biography
UKRAINE | RUSSIA

Biography
UKRAINE | RUSSIA

1907-1910
Early Exhibitions: The first historic exhibitions of Russian avant-garde movement in Moscow, St. Petersburg and Kiev, regrouping artists, musicians and sculptors as a synthesis of all the arts. “A young Russian artist called Rossiné, interested in the theory of painting and particularly in the music of colour, wishes to meet you”, wrote Kandinsky in a letter to Thomas von Hartmann.

// Wassily Kandinsky is a prominent Russian painter and art theorist //

Biography
UKRAINE | RUSSIA

Sample work of the period (Impressionism) Still life with candle. (Russian Museum) 1910 oil on canvas.

Biography
FRANCE

1910-1914
First visit to Paris, France. Colorful paintings showing an assimilation of Cubism, Futurism and Orphism (lyrical abstraction using bright colors. Term coined after Orpheus, poet and
symbol of song in Greek mythology).

Biography
FRANCE

Sample work of the period (Cubo-futurism)* Adam and Eve (Collection of Carmen Thyseen-Bornemisza) 1912 oil on canvas.

* (Unlike Cubism, Cubo-futurism
emphasizes motion and vibrant colors ).

Biography
FRANCE

1910-1914
Experimentation with sculpture, constituted of fragments of painted metal, wood and found objects. One of these sculptures, exhibited at the 1914 Salon des Indépendants, provoked such ridicule that he later threw it into the Seine river. Only the French critic, Guillaume Apollinaire, understood its radical and expressive idiom, comparable to early “sculptopaintings” of the same years.

Now working in Paris under the name Daniel Rossiné

Biography
FRANCE

Rossiné collaborated with Alexander Archipenko in creating painting-sculptures.

Sample work of the period (Painting Sculpture) Polychrome sculpture Symphony Number One. (Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York) 1913 wood, cardboard and eggshells

Biography
FRANCE

1910-1914
Artistic development Studio set up at La Ruché, in the circle of Robert and Sonia Delaunay (Mentors) Together with the Delaunays, he developed „French Orphic Cubism'

Biography
FRANCE

Sonia Delaunay (Mentor) (French Orphism)

Untitled
(Galerie Saint Laurent)

1917 watercolor and crayon on paper.

Biography
FRANCE

Sample work of the period (French Orphism) Fjord Christinija. (St. Petersburg) 1915 oil on canvas

Biography
FRANCE

“I am attracted by pure colours. Colours from my childhood, from the Ukraine. Memories of peasant weddings in my country in which the red and green dresses decorated with many ribbons, billowed in dance.”

Biography
HOLLAND

1914
Rossiné's Influence: Dutch artist Theo van Doesburg described Baranoff-Rossiné's Symphony Number Two, exhibited in Amsterdam in 1914, as an example of the art of the future. Van Doesburg painted the Mouvement Héroique arguably inspired by the Symphony 2, this being in applying complementary colours redgreen and yellow-purple to suggest opposing forces.

Biography
SCANDINAVIA

Theo van Doesburg Mouvement Héroique
(Private Collection)

1916 pastel on paper

Biography
SCANDINAVIA

1915-1917
At the outbreak of WWI, he fled to Norway. First one-man exhibition in Oslo, Norway in 1916. In Stockholm, Sweden, he played the Optophonic Piano that he invented for the first time.

Biography
SCANDINAVIA

“Imagine that each key of a piano or an organ keyboard stops at a chosen position, or makes a specific element of a set of transparent filters move, more or less quickly, transpierced by a beam of white light, and you will have some idea of the instrument invented by BaranoffRossiné.”– autobiographic text

Biography
RUSSIA

1917-1922
Return to Russia Russia‟s military defeat in WWI. Food shortages triggering the Bolshevik Revolution and the establishment of the Soviet Union. Married his first wife in 1919. She died in childbirth in 1920 in Moscow to his first son, Eugène (1920-1997).

Biography
RUSSIA

1917-1922
Takes the double-barrelled name of Baranoff-Rossiné He participated in mobilizing the Soviet avant-garde movement. In 1918 Baranoff-Rossiné set up an Art Workshop in a room in the former St. Petersburg Academy. In the same year he had an exhibition with the group Jewish Society for the Furthering of the Arts in Moscow.

Rossiné was now presenting optophonic concerts in Moscow theatres

Biography
RUSSIA

Sample work of the period (Cubism) Women. (Private Collection) 1919 oil on canvas

Biography
RUSSIA

1923-1924
Married Pauline Cemionovna Boukour, with whom he gave two piano optophonic concerts, at the Meyerhold theatre and Bolchoï (Moscow).

Biography
FRANCE

1925-1939
Brought his son Eugène and his wife Pauline with him back to Paris. Founded the first Optophonic Academy in 1927 and pursued his audiovisual research work. Birth in Paris of his second son, Michel in 1928, who died accidentally in 1935, and of his daughter Tatiana in 1934.

His Polythechnique Sculpture provoked the sarcasm of the press, but this sculpture is currently exhibited at the National Modern Art Museum in Paris.

Biography
FRANCE

Biography
FRANCE

1925-1939
Adopting a more Surrealist manner. Experimentation with materials, colors and sounds, exhibiting regularly in the Parisian Salons. WWII breaks out.

Biography
FRANCE

Sample work of the period (Surrealism) Le Jugement de Pâris
(Private Collection)

1928 oil on canvas.

Biography
FRANCE

Sample work of the period (Surrealism)

Le martyr de Saint Denis
(Private Collection)

1932 oil on canvas.

Biography
FRANCE

1940-1941
Baranoff-Rossiné invented military camouflage, which was marketed with Robert Delaunay. Baranoff-Rossine also invented a Photochromometer that allowed the determination of the qualities of precious stones. In another field, he perfected a machine that made, sterlized and distributed fizzy drinks, the Multiperco, and this received several technical awards at the time.

Biography
FRANCE

1942
Birth of his third son Dimitri in Paris. Dimitri was the one to re-build the Optophonic Piano, after it had been disassembled during WWII. The piano is currently kept at the National Modern Art Museum in Paris. Dimitri and Tatiana Baranoff-Rossiné still reside in Paris, and can be contacted on: dbr@club-internet.fr

Biography
POLAND

1943-1944
In 1943, Vladimir Baranoff-Rossine was arrested in France by the Gestapo and deported. He died in the Auschwitz concentration camp, in Poland.

Biography
POLAND

Audio-Visuals
BARANOFF-ROSSINE More on the Optophonic Piano One of Rossiné‟s philosophies is running counter to the possibility of any match between sight and hearing: using processes involving notions of chance, random noise and silence. His intention was to challenge the "correspondences" ideal. “The piano functions by various kinds of luminous filters; plain coloured ones, prisms, lenses and mirrors; filters including graphic elements and, finally, filters with colored shapes and defined outlines. Add to this the possibility of modifying the position of the projector, the screen frame, the symmetry or asymmetry of the compositions and their movements, as well as their intensity.”

Audio-Visuals
BARANOFF-ROSSINE More on the Optophonic Piano “… The aim is not to determine a unique rendering of an existing musical composition… One has to take into account elements such as the talent and sensitivity of the musician in order to fully understand the composer‟s thoughts.” “The day when a composer composes music using notes that remain to be determined in terms of music and light, the interpreter will have less freedom, and on that day, the artistic unity we are discussing will probably be closer to perfection.”– autobiographic text.

Audio-Visuals
BARANOFF-ROSSINE More on the Optophonic Piano “A = black, E = white, DO = violet, RÉ indigo... poet‟s fantasy. Oboe = green, flute = blue, trumpet = red, these are purely literary reconciliations that, even if they might be exact, are incapable of moving us. In a musical composition we distinguish the three following basic elements; the intensity of the sound, the pitch of the sound, the rhythm and movement. This will be one of Baranoff-Rossiné‟s merits to have been able to extract these elements from music to bring them closer to similar elements existing or able to exist in light..”– autobiographic text.

Audio-Visuals
BARANOFF-ROSSINE For more information, visit http://www.baranoffrossine.com http://www.geocities.com/Paris/Metro/8705/index.htm