Interpreting places & landscapes
Geography 1, 2nd Sem. AY 2010-2011 Ms. Rocelyn C. De Vera
• How the environment shapes & is shaped by people • How it is perceived & understood by people
a characteristic and tangible outcome of the complex interactions between a human group and a natural environment.Landscapes without any evidence or trace of human activities. • Cultural Landscape .
.2 Major Kinds of Landscape
• Natural Landscape .
• Natural Landscape • Cultural Landscape
• A characteristic and tangible outcome of the complex interactions between a human group and a natural environment
our struggles & triumphs as humans
• Archive of society
our culture and experiences Comprehensive product of human action
of evidence about our character and experience.
Types of Landscape
• Ordinary/Vernacular Landscape • Symbolic Landscape
. values.) Ordinary landscapes (vernacular)
– Everyday landscapes that people create in the course of their lives – Landscapes that are lived-in and changed
– Influence and change the perceptions.Types of Landscape
Types of Landscape
1.) Ordinary landscapes (vernacular)
– Work – Social activities – School
that the builders & financiers of those landscapes want to impart to a larger public
.) Symbolic landscapes
– Representations of particular values.Types of Landscape
2. or aspirations.
• Landscapes of power • Landscapes of despair • Derelict landscapes
landscapes can be read and written by groups and individuals.Landscape as Text
• Like a book. • There are “readers” and “writers”
. • Landscapes do not come ready-made with labels on them.
• Many cultural landscapes exist in any single place • Quiapo • School • Reflect the lives of ordinary people. as well as the more powerful
.. intentions. meanings.Study of Landscape
• Humanistic approach
– Places individual at the center of analysis – Values.
Study of Landscape
• Humanistic approach
• individual ≠ group
gender.Study of Landscape
• Larger forces and individuals
• Culture. government • Enhance or constrains individual lives • Two-way
• Provides a source of physical safety & security • A source of stimulation • A physical expression of bull identity
breeding areas December and January
beach areas that offer protection from the winter storms and high surf wave action
plans. memories. associations. intimates. dreams.Place-making
• physical territory (the physical body. purposes. cultural or religious groupings). theories. peer
• social territory (family. club. other social. clan.
. tribe. time). real and
• psychic territory (thoughts.
Territory When a territory is threatened defend it attack the territory of the attacker suffer the trauma of invasion overcrowding
Destruction of properties. vandalism
Breaking up social ties Plagiarism.Attacking of ideas
• Persistent attachment to a specific location
• Geography of people’s behavior
– Claims to spaces
regular use – 2. use of spatial markers – 3.Claiming space
• Unwritten territorial rules
– 1. bubbles or areas of personal space that we try not to invade (or allow to be invaded by others)
"typical" American prefers to speak to strangers literally at arm's length
"typical" Swiss prefers a distance of twelve to eighteen inches "typical" Japanese prefers about two arm's lengths both of which may discomfort many Americans. may have quite different ideas of personal space.
Personal space different people within those cultures.
different people Different cultures.
• Study of the social & cultural meanings that people give to personal space. different ideas of personal space.
Sense of place
• People and places • through territoriality
• Sense of place
– Feelings evoked among people as a result of the experiences. memories. that its loss can be traumatic – Insiders– feel at home
. & symbolism that they associate with a given place
– Place is important to us.
. school.• Sentimental
• Affective bonds with places • Become “significant” to individuals (special attachment or sense of identity or belonging) • Home.
T O P O P H IL I A
How do insiders develop sense of place?
a) through shared dress codes. b) through familiarity with the history and symbolism of particular elements of the physical environment
c) through people’s familiarity with one another and their surroundings
.. speech patterns.
• Cognitive Images
– what people see in the mind’s eye when they think of a particular place or setting
The formation of cognitive images:
THE REAL WORLD
Birth and personality
TRANSFORMED COGNITIVE IMAGE
the less info we have b) our own biases .What causes distortion of images?
a) incomplete information .the farther we live from the area.we remember more what we like or what we think is significant
Compiled through behavioral patterns
• Influence behavior
Images and behavior
• The narrower • The less likely
• Venture beyond their home area
• Shopping Behavior of people
nearest store with the lowest prices
traffic. they tend to avoid places they regard as repellant and fearsome
. reassuring. parking. relaxing. pedestrian circulation
People go to places they regard as attractive.