OCE421 Marine Structure Designs

Lecture 1

Fall, 2006

OCE421: Marine Structure Designs, Fall 2006
• • • • • • • • Prerequisite: OCE307 Instructor: Dr. James Hu, Prof. in OE Office: Sheets Building, Rm. 220 Phone: 874-6688 Email: hu@oce.uri.edu Class Hours: M,W 2:00 -3:15 pm Class Room: Room 117, Sheets Building Office Hours: By appointment

Nate Greene • Office Hours: TBA • Office: 202 Sheets .Teaching Assistant • Mr.

Mailing List www/oce/uri/edu/ mailman/listinfo/oce421 .

MS: Coastal Engineering Research Center. Army Corps of Engineers.S. (1984) Shore Protection Manual.uri.1 and 2.Primary Textbook U.oce. Vicksburg. (it is now out-of-print) • Coastal Engineering Manual (CEM) http://ocean.edu/cem/ . Vol.

Grading Policy • • • • Homework Assignments: 10% Mid-term Exam: 30% (10/23/2006) Quizzes: 30% Project Report and Presentation : 30% .

Homework Assignments • 5-6 homework assignments • No late homework accepted • Using MATLAB extensively .

11 . 6 and Dec.Project guideline. Fall 2006 • • • • 2-person or 3-person teams allowed Project proposal: due Nov. 4 Presentation: Dec. 1 Final report: due Dec.

Project proposal • must include: – – – – – general statement (statement of problem) design site description proposed coastal structure map and bathymetry plot near the design site wave data base to be used .

Final Project Report • must include: – – – – – – – – – – – general statement (statement of problem) design site description proposed coastal structure planning analysis map and bathymetry plot near the design site design wave and design water depth complete structural design cost analysis alternative design and cost analysis environmental impact analysis (optional) concluding remarks .

coastal structures. shore protection measures. waterways. and other coastal works. .Effects of Water Waves • Waves are the major factor in – determining the geometry and composition of beaches – significantly influence the planning and design of harbors.

Physical Description of a water wave • its surface form • the fluid motion beneath the wave .

it is called a standing wave or a clapotis.Progressive/Standing Wave • A waveform which moves relative to a fixed point is called a progressive wave. • If a waveform merely move up and down at a fixed position. the direction in which it moves is termed the direction of wave propagation. .

. This motion is termed mass transport of the waves. • Most finite-amplitude wave theories describe nearly oscillatory waves since the fluid is moved a small amount in the direction of wave advance by each successive wave. The linear theory describes pure oscillatory waves.Oscillatory/Nearly Oscillatory Waves • Water waves are considered oscillatory or nearly oscillatory if the water particle motion is described by orbits that are closed or nearly closed for each wave period.

• A narrower range of wave periods. . is usually more important in coastal engineering problems. Of primary concern are gravity waves which have periods from 1 to 30 seconds. or the wave frequency.Wave Classification by Wave Period • One way to classify waves is by wave period. from 5 to 15 seconds.

• Oscillatory water motion is the result of the interaction between gravity and inertia forces.Gravity Waves • Surface tension forces may be neglected. • Gravity is the dominant restoring force. .

when the waves move out of the generating area and are no longer subjected to significant wind action.when the waves are under the influence of wind in a generating area. .Seas and Swell • Gravity waves can be separated into two states: – Seas . and – Swell .

Wave Parameters and Characteristics • A (simple) wave is completely specified by wave height. the water depth. accelerations. • Other characteristics of interest: – – – – – – Wave surface profile Forward speed (celerity) Particle velocities. and the wave period (or wave length). and motion paths Dynamic pressure field Kinetic and potential energy Wave power and momentum flux .

and wave spectrum (wave “power” versus wave frequency) . • Irregular waves – statistical (probabilistic) distribution of wave heights and periods.Monochromatic and Irregular Waves • Monochromatic waves – a single (deterministic) wave height and period.

and prediction techniques are needed. .Design Wave Conditions (for a specific location) • Various design requirements – different types of design wave information are needed • Effective wave measurement. analysis.

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