TESTING INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS

CT Testing • Primary Insulation Resistance • Dielectric Withstand • Secondary Insulation Resistance • Secondary Burden • Saturation • Ratio and Polarity Primary Ins. Resistance Test • For Bar and Primary wound CT’s • DC voltage test at the rated crest voltage on the primary winding • Secondary grounded • 1 minute test

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TESTING INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS
CT Insulation Resistance: Bar Type and Primary Wound

DC Voltage test
• • • • Isolate Primary Isolate & Gnd Secondary Connect HV lead to H1/H2 Connect LV to Gnd / 2ndary • Test for 1 minute • Record test value

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TESTING INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS CT Testing • Primary Insulation Resistance • Dielectric Withstand • Secondary Insulation Resistance • Secondary Burden • Saturation • Ratio and Polarity Dielectric Withstand Test • For Bar and Primary wound CT’s • AC voltage test at the 75% factory test voltage • Secondary grounded • 1 minute test 3/31/2013 3 .

TESTING INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS CT Dielectric Withstand: Bar Type and Primary Wound AC Voltage test • Isolate & Gnd Secondary • Connect HV lead to H1/H2 • Connect LV to Gnd / 2ndary • Test for 1 minute • Record test value 3/31/2013 4 .

Resistance Test • Test for secondary wiring • Secondary wiring isolated and ungrounded • 1000 VDC • 1 minute test 3/31/2013 5 .TESTING INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS CT Testing • Primary Insulation Resistance • Dielectric Withstand • Secondary Insulation Resistance • Secondary Burden • Saturation • Ratio and Polarity 2ndary Ins.

TESTING INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS CT Secondary Circuit Insulation Test 3/31/2013 6 .

four-wire resistance measurement – Measure secondary winding resistance • Burden = part 1 + part 2 3/31/2013 7 .TESTING INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS CT Testing • Primary Insulation Resistance • Dielectric Withstand • Secondary Insulation Resistance • Secondary Burden • Saturation • Ratio and Polarity 2ndary Burden Test • Conducted in 2 parts • Part 1. 1A current injection – Measure circuit burden • Part 2.

TESTING INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS Part 1: CT Secondary Circuit Burden Measurement 3/31/2013 8 .

TESTING INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS Part 2: CT Secondary Winding Resistance Measurement 3/31/2013 9 .

TESTING INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS Total burden calculation ZT = RCT + (RL + ZB) Where ZT = Total burden (Ω) DC Winding resistance (Ω) Lead resistance (Ω) Device impedance (Ω) RCT = RL = ZB = 3/31/2013 10 .

current proportional • Test for knee-point voltage • Rapid rise is I-excitation • 10% Δ V = 50% Δ I 3/31/2013 11 .TESTING INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS CT Testing • Primary Insulation Resistance • Dielectric Withstand • Secondary Insulation Resistance • Secondary Burden • Saturation • Ratio and Polarity Saturation Test • Secondary winding excitation test • Primary open circuited • Step voltage increase.

TESTING INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS CT Saturation test 3/31/2013 12 .

TESTING INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS CT Testing • Primary Insulation Resistance • Dielectric Withstand • Secondary Insulation Resistance • Secondary Burden • Saturation • Ratio and Polarity Ratio and Polarity test • Secondary winding excited at 1V per turn • Primary open circuited • H1-H2 compared to X1-X2 • Phase measured. ratio calculated • Phase difference ≈ 0 means polarity correct 3/31/2013 13 .

TESTING INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS CT Ratio and Polarity Test 3/31/2013 14 .

TESTING INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS CT Testing • Primary Insulation Resistance • Dielectric Withstand • Secondary Insulation Resistance • Secondary Burden • Saturation • Ratio and Polarity Ratio and Polarity test (ALT) • Use individual meters. phase angle and voltmeter • Secondary winding excited at 1V per turn • Primary open circuited • H1-H2 compared to X1-X2 • Phase measured. ratio calculated • Phase difference ≈ 0 means polarity correct 15 3/31/2013 .

TESTING INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS CT Ratio and Polarity Test (alternate connections) 3/31/2013 16 .

TESTING INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS VT Testing • Insulation Resistance • Dielectric Withstand • Ratio and Polarity 3/31/2013 17 .

TESTING INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS VT Testing • Insulation Resistance • Dielectric Withstand • Ratio and Polarity Insulation Resistance Test • DC voltage test at the rated crest voltage • 3 tests – HV to Gnd – HV to LV – LV to Gnd 3/31/2013 18 .

TESTING INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS VT Insulation Resistance Tests 3/31/2013 19 .

TESTING INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS VT Testing • Insulation Resistance • Dielectric Withstand • Ratio and Polarity Dielectric Withstand Test • AC voltage test at the 75% factory test voltage • Secondary grounded • 1 minute test 3/31/2013 20 .

TESTING INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS VT Dielectric Withstand Tests 3/31/2013 21 .

ratio calculated • Phase difference ≈ 0° means polarity correct • Compare ratio with nameplate 22 3/31/2013 .TESTING INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS VT Testing • Insulation Resistance • Dielectric Withstand • Ratio and Polarity Ratio and Polarity test • Primary winding excited at 1V per turns ratio • Secondary open circuited • X1-X2 compared to H1-H2 • Phase measured.

2.3 Test Value Analysis 5.2 Voltage Transformer 5.3.2.3 VT Electrical Test 23 .NETA STANDARD  5.3.1 Visual and Mechanical Inspection 5.2 CT Electrical Test 5.1 Current Transformer 5. NETA Acceptance Testing Procedure         3/31/2013 5.1 Visual and Mechanical 5.3.2 Electrical Test 5.

TEST SET MANUAL  Module 3:  CT Tester  Module 2:  15 KV Insulation Resistance Test set  AC High Potential Test set  DC High Potential Test set  Digital Low Resistance Test set 3/31/2013 24 .

TEST FORMS  Current Transformer Test Form  Voltage Transformer Test Form 3/31/2013 25 .

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