Inside the Smartphone Industry

Ashley Campion Wes Kincaid Stephanie Lanter Michael Riggen John Hutchens Nathan Frost Claudia Martinez

What is a Smartphone?

A Smartphone is a mobile device offering highly developed features beyond a classic mobile phone
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Computer-like functionality Applications for entertainment Access to the Web Personal data processing

The first Smartphone

In 1992, IBM created the first Smartphone which they named “Simon”
◦ Shown as a concept product at COMDEX, a computer industry trade show in Las Vegas ◦ It was released to the public in 1993 and sold by BellSouth

address book. calculator.More about Simon… Other than being a mobile phone it contained such features as a calendar. and games  Customers used a touch-screen to select phone numbers  ◦ Text was entered with a unique “predictive” keyboard • Although it sounds similar to our Smartphone's today. e-mail. the Simon would be considered fairly low-end . sending and receiving faxes. note pad. world clock.

with a few competitors behind them  ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Microsoft Sony Dell Google .The Industry today The Smartphone Industry has earned revenues into the billions of dollars and has become extremely competitive  Apple is the leader in the industry today.

Market size  Over 168 million customers ◦ Market expanding to teens and even pre teens ◦ Older generations are also acquiring Smartphones for work purposes Over 1200 companies  4 major Smartphone providers  ◦ Verizon ◦ T-Mobile ◦ AT &T .

Scope of rivalry  Three contributing factors ◦ 1: Cost of plan ◦ 2: Speed of network ◦ 3: Phones .

.Life cycle   In the mature stage Only way to gain an advantage over other companies is by making the three factors better than others.

Problems  Cost of plans ◦ Cancelation fees ◦ Long term contracts  Speed of networks .

HTC. Motorola. Samsung. Palm.RIM.S.5 Forces Model  Rivalry within the industry  Main Competitors . Nokia U. Market Share of Smartphones .

and it is difficult to enter the market with existing firms already operating on cost and differentiation strategies. establish partnerships. .The threat of new entrants is low since start up costs for a cell phone service provider are extremely high. and dim the chances of competition.  First Mover Advantage . A great sum of money must be invested to attain the economies of scale.Releasing a product early will enable one to capture the largest market share. erase barriers to entry.5 Forces Model  Threat of Potential New Entrants .

 . Buyers have high bargaining power and will usually pay for what the consumer’s value the most.  Buyers Willingness to Switch .Phones are changing dramatically and what consumers want is cheap and efficient.Will switch for innovative products and good ratings Suppliers Suppliers end up being in a low bargaining position because cell phone operators provide such high volume orders that they have to be cautious not to temper with the relationship.Bargaining Power  Buyers Customers Buying Power .

Bluetooth. Google. Threat of Substitute Products Cost and Innovation . Games etc.Price reduction attract more customers  .) New target market . Email. High switching costs with servers/phones .Companies within the industry compete on innovation and new applications. Video/Camera. Intensity of Rivalry Among Competitors Innovative (Blue Ocean) Applications (GPS.Consumers would more than likely not switch between a new product due to contract fees and the cost of purchasing a new product.

Intel Threat of Substitute Products 1. Skype 2.Establish Mobile Manufacturers: LG. Features phones – Nokia. Carriers – AT&T 2. Hardware makers . PDA phone palm 3. Samsung Software Giants: Google. WM 3. MSFT Threat of New Entrants 1. OS providers – Linux. Corporate Market Bargaining Power Of Suppliers Existing Rivalry in the Industry Bargaining Power Of Buyers 1. Consumer Market 2. LG .

Know what your company is best at and learn how to go from there in making it even better.  . Know what they like and strive to achieve this.What to learn  Companies need to learn from this what buyer’s value in the industry. How to add value to the customers.  Who are my loyal buyers and suppliers and try to build a strong relationship.

Drivers of Change  Long term growth rate ◦ People are taking more of an interest in the Smartphone ◦ Every quarter more people buy or plan to buy a Smartphone  Who buys the product ◦ College students ◦ Business professionals .

Drivers of Change  Product innovation/technological change ◦ Started as any phone that could text or play games ◦ Now it is any phone with a built in operating system  Internet  GPS  Downloads .

Drivers of Change  Diffusion of technological know-how ◦ New generation ◦ Need to upgrade ◦ Need for new technology Globalization ◦ Strong sales worldwide ◦ Companies on different continents ◦ Constant lines of communication  .

Drivers of Change  Emerging buyer preferences ◦ Not just for phone calls anymore ◦ High demand for multiple features  Send/receive e-mail  Access to Internet  Purchase I-Tunes. and games Social concerns. ringtones. and lifestyles ◦ Driven by technology ◦ People don’t NEED Smartphones but they WANT them ◦ Keeping up with the Jones’s  . attitudes.

Competitive Forces Global economy  Price  Product Features  Product quality  Design innovation  .

not thrive .Strategic Positions  Sony can’t compete ◦ Sales are down ◦ Lack of innovation to compete with Apple  Dell ◦ Cutting operating costs ◦ Just trying to survive economy.

Strategic Positions  Google ◦ Becoming key player in software development ◦ Numerous “Apps” for iPhone ◦ On top of innovation  Microsoft ◦ Expects double digit revenue increase ◦ Came off of 18% growth in revenue in 2007 ◦ Very strong position .

no reason to let up  Google ◦ Watch for Google to become a key player in software development ◦ Possible product line in the future .Competitive Moves  Microsoft ◦ Look for Microsoft to continue with same results ◦ With double digit growth expected.

also.Fixed line phones being replaced . therefore.Key Success Factors  Technology: Replacing Communication .No real substitute product.Internet prediction in 2004 Tools: .As consumers increase the demand for more features offer in the service. the network capacity . people become dependent on them .Emergence of Smartphone as a viable tool for many businesses .

Companies raising their research to meet consumers needs -Example: battery running-off and still having 4hrs of talk time.Key Success Factors  Next Generation Experience: . lighter in weight and thinner  Marketing: .Quantitative research on mobile phone users reveals that there is currently no such thing as a Smartphone market .The assumption that the mobile market will develop in the same way as the personal computing market did .

Key Success Factors  Pricing: .About half of the sales of Smartphone are through employers (as opposed to retail channels)  Skill & Capability: . white-boarding etc.Manufacturers adding multimedia and other entertainment features to compete . advanced voice and video e-mail. .but segmentation suggest to add communication services like.

Example: Super-smart Smartphone mated into a desktop cradle that hooks up to peripherals like a common all-garden PC.Key Success Factors  Design & Innovation Expertise: . some sort of communications hook-up. . memory. The “Smart Interface System for Mobile Communications Devices”. and would react when a Smartphone was placed into it. An intelligent dock that would have networking built-in. It could be connected to an external monitor and keyboard. and operating system. a USB hub. would work as much as a desktop PC does now. and its own processor.

Industry’s Attractiveness and Prospects for Long-Term Profitability Growth Potential  Impact of Competitive Forces  Unattractive Forces in the Smartphone Industry  Is This an Attractive Industry in Which to Participate?  .

Growth Potential  Since 1998. 30% increase in the number of people in United States who own cell phones ◦ Innovation played big part ◦ Progression: (brick phone flip phone Smartphone) Average life of a cell phone is only about 18 months  Probably not skyrocketing levels of growth. but still growth potential  .

Impact of Competitive Forces  Apple ◦ The iPhone’s release put Apple ahead in Smartphone industry (327% growth) the year it came out  Research-in-Motion (BlackBerry) ◦ Frontrunner in Smartphone industry until Apple released the iPhone  HTC ◦ Hopes to pick up speed with new Google phone Android  Nokia ◦ Known for brick phone ◦ Has Smartphone. but hasn’t seen successful growth in Smartphone industry .

80 0 4.720 1.7 81.0 Total 36.192 12.643 3.7 -3.1 Research In Motion Apple HTC Sharp Others 5.9 Source: http://www.104 1.5 25.9 -19.239 7.5 3.9 100.7 29.535 9.656 1.Impact of Competitive Forces Worldwide: Preliminary Smartphone Sales to End Users by Vendor 3Q08 Market Share (%) 3Q07 Market Share (%) 3Q083Q07 Growth (%) 3Q08 Sales 3Q07 Sales Company 42.4 4.626 15.0 1.5 3.jsp?id=827912 .4 20.0 4.4 100.9 4.315 1.9 9.964 48.515 32.7 327.472 15.3 -20.4 Nokia 15.

Unattractive Forces in the Smartphone Industry “BlackBerry Thumb”  Florida teen sent over 35.000 text message in a month.twice  Texting While Driving  Health hazards  ◦ Electronic Magnetic Fields Can Cause Tumors (preliminary research) .

Is This an Attractive Industry in Which to Participate?  Red Ocean ◦ Competing on innovation ◦ Big players like Apple and RIM BlackBerry have huge lead  Blue Ocean ◦ Smartphone companies could differentiate by Dell style customization of cell phones ◦ Or reduce the amount of EMF’s emitted from phone *Apple’s success in one year could happen with any company .

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