Submitted by:Aditi Agarwal ECE- A1 05 Submitted to:Prof. S.S. Shekhawat




Toshniwal.) under the supervision of M/s Toshniwal Brothers Pvt. ADITI AGARWAL 3 . • Leading manufacturer of quality instruments in technical collaboration with world reputed instrumentation companies • It is an ISO 9001:2000 certified private limited company.Sc. Ltd. G. (Estb.TOSHNIWAL INDUSTRIES Pvt. • Founded in 1959 at Mumbai. (Late) Dr. D.R. • The company was set-up at Ajmer (Raj. Ltd. 1948) under the leadership of renowned scientist.

Temperature Sensor “It is time to turn up the heat but first you must learn how to measure it” ADITI AGARWAL 4 .

Types of Temperature Sensors  Thermocouple  RTD (Resistance Temperature Detector) ADITI AGARWAL 5 .

an emf is produced which is proportional to the temperature being sensed.THERMOCOUPLE When 2 dissimilar metals are joined together to form a junction. ADITI AGARWAL 6 .

The magnitude of emf depends on the junction temperature. ADITI AGARWAL 7 .Seebeck Effect The generation of current in a circuit comprising of two wires of dissimilar metals in the presence of temperature difference.


Typical Industrial Thermocouple Assembly ADITI AGARWAL 9 .

Type S. Type K  Noble Metals – up to 2000 °C  Type R. Type D. Type B  Refractory Metals – up to 2600 °C  Type C. Type T. Type E. Type G ADITI AGARWAL 10 .Types of Thermocouples TCs are identified by a single letter type and grouped according to their temperature range  Base Metals – up to 1000 °C  Type J.

Voltage to Temperature Curve ADITI AGARWAL 11 .

Advantages:  Self Powered (does Disadvantages: • Extremely Low Voltage output (mV) • Not very stable • Needs a reference not require a current or voltage source)  Rugged  Inexpensive  Simple point ADITI AGARWAL 12 .

 It is a positive temperature coefficient device. ADITI AGARWAL 13 . The industry standard is the platinum wire RTD (Pt100) whose base resistance is exactly 100.  The resistive property of the metal is called its resistivity.00 ohms at 0.RTD  RTD (Resistance Temperature Detector) is a temperature sensitive resistor.0 °C.Resistance Temperature Detector.

00 115.00 120.00 Resistance (Ω) 125.00 105.Resistance v/s Temperature Curve RTD 135.00 110.00 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Temperature (∘ C) ADITI AGARWAL 14 .00 100.00 130.

nickel. • Temperature range: From about -196°C to 482°C. Thin Film RTD ADITI AGARWAL 15 .RTD. iron or copper wound around an insulator. the basics • Traditionally made up of platinum.

Platinum Scale ( 0 to 100 °C ) ADITI AGARWAL 16 .

Advantages:  Stable Disadvantages:  Expensive  Very accurate  Change in resistance is  Current source required  Small change in linear resistance  Self heating  Less rugged RTD ADITI AGARWAL 17 .

English scheme.Conclusion In TIPL. Rheostat. Inspection. we have studied the working of Electronics and temperature measuring instruments of various schemes like Japan scheme. Light Spot Galvanometer . ADITI AGARWAL 18 . RTD. Electrical Maintenance including instruments such as Thermocouple. Kelvin Bridge. Wheatstone Bridge.


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