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MATERIALS NEEDED FOR ARTICLE WRITING IN EMPIRICAL STUDY

Dr.T.Vanniarajan
Reader in Business Administration NMSSVN College, Madurai, Tamilnadu, India.

1. Factual information in the title and area of study Related references. 2. Conceptual frame work development Books / Articles related to the study. 3. Consolidated tables selected for report writing. 4. If any results processed with SPSS Prepare the table for the article. 5. Minimum of 5 books ; 10 articles and few reports should be collected for smooth writing of article.

ARTICLE FORMAT 1 ( AF - I ) FOR EMPIRICAL RESEARCH For Beginners

A. Abstract - 100 to 250 words B. 1. Introduction 2. Methodology 3. Data Collection 4. Results and Discussions 5. Summary 6. References

Abstract (A) 1. One/ two sentences about the field / area / sector of your study.

2. One/ two sentences about the title of your study.


3. One/ two sentences about need for the study with previous reviews. 4. One/ two sentences about present study methodology. 5. One/ two sentences about gist of the findings.

Introduction (B.1) 1. Brief introduction on the field / area / sector of your study with latest trend (References should be given) (One paragraph) (Rao, 2006) ; (Zhang, 2001), Similarly< 2. Brief idea on the title selected for the study (One paragraph) with foot notes. 3. Review of literature : Result of previous studies (Same title ; Relevant title ; Same industry; Relevant industry, Relevant fields) with foot notes 4. Identify the research gap ; Gap between past studies and your proposed study. 5. Against this backup : Mention the objectives of your study

Methodology (B.2)

1. Development of instrument ; Questionnaire and the contents. Past developments with foot note proposed contents Pilot study if any mention : among whom Write modification and alterations If any validity of the construct mention. 2. Data collection Sample size Sampling procedure Scale used Method of data collection Response rate Completed questionnaire Taken for analysis Proposed tools for analysis.

Results and Discussions (B.3) 1. Select and paste appropriate subject heading. 2. See the number of tables created for the article (Select only the most important tables Try to reduce the number of tables by narrating procedure. 3. Write the introduction for a table Explain the classification Items used Concepts any if used. 4. Place the tables with catching headings.

5. Write the interpretation of the items in the table.


6. Write a few words about the gist of the table.
Do the same procedure, until the objectives of the study have been fulfilled.

Summary (B.4)

1. Select the gist of all the findings of each table. 2. Paste all the gist together. 3. Verify the sequence and match it with the objectives of the study. 4. Write the final conclusion.

5. Mention the suggestions.

References (B.6) 1. Article writer, (Year), Title of the article, Name of the journal, Volume, Number, PP : From ___ to ___

2. Book author, (Year) ; Book name, Publishing House, PP : <


3. Name of the reports, Published by whom, Year, PP : <

4. News paper name, Date, Month, Year, Page No.


5. Researchers name, (Year) , Research report name, Submitted to where, PP : < 6. Writer name, (Year), Article heading, Magazine name, Year, Month, Volume, Number, PP: <
Arrange it in alphabetic order / or year wise Start with recent past.

ARTICLE FORMAT 2 (AF II)

For Beginners :
A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. Abstract Introduction / Background Objectives Review of Literature (Conceptualization and Models if any) Sample Profile Analytical Techniques Body of Report (Results and Discussions) Conclusion Suggestions References

A,B,C - Similarly with AF I D. Review of Literature D (a) Conceptualization Concept developed by whom Modified by whom Latest concepts with references. D (b) If any model is developed Write with reference; up to the latest model Proposed model in the present study. D (c) Review the literature Prior findings Identify the research gaps. E. Sample profile : Few sentences about population Sample size ; Sampling procedure and similar with B.2 in AF - I

F. Analytical Techniques : Proposed statistical tools with the relevance of application G. Similar with AF - I

H. Conclusion : One paragraph Summarize the gist of findings drawn from the tables.

I. Suggestion / Policy Implications : Based on your study For further development in the related field It should be arranged in numbers. J. References : Similar with AF - I

ARTICLE FORMAT 3 (AF III) A. Abstract B1. Article type : Empirical, Case Study, Exploratory B2. Key words : Used in the study any 3 to 5 C. Introduction D. Conceptual Background

E. Study Methodology
F. Data Analysis G. Discussion H. Managerial Implications I. References

A. Abstract : Similar in AF - I & II

C. Introduction : About the title, area, sector, previous studies, Research gap, Objectives
D. Conceptual Background : List out the concepts used Read one by one Define the concepts one by one with foot note finally, write the concept used in the present study Follow the same procedure until the total concepts are covered.

E. Study Methodology

Ea Context On the study area Eb Measures To be used in the study Ec Data Collection Sampling procedure, Method of data collection Ed Estimating Procedure Scaling Techniques Ee Model Development Index Generation / Quantification of data if any F. Data Analysis
Respondents Profile Gist of the body of report with tables

G. Discussion : comparing the present study result with the result of previous studies with reference.

H. Managerial Implications : Write the suggestions for the managerial development.


H1 . Read the gist of finding Write the proposed suggestions Mention its similarity or dissimilarity with others Until the total gist of findings are covered. I. Reference : Similar in AF I & II

ARTICLE FORMAT 4 (AF IV) A. Abstract B1.Article type B2. Key words B3. Content Indicators

C. Introduction D. Conceptual Background E. Study Methodology F. Results G. Discussion ( Research and Managerial Implications) H. Directions for future research I. References

A, B, C, D - Similar in AF III

E. Methodology : Design, Sample, Procedure, Measurements


Design Research design applied Sample Sample size, Sampling procedure Procedure Data collection procedure Measurements Constraints and its validity

F. Results :
Descriptive Analysis :

a) Profile of respondents b) Tables and interpretation

G. Research Implications : Summated findings of the study Compared with previous findings with foot note. Identify the supportive findings Identify the findings differ from others Research contribution of the present study

H. Managerial Implications Findings useful for managerial development Policy implications for management

I. K.

Directions for Future Research Identify the potential area for further research Identify the diversification Identify the in-depth analysis Identify the scope for other applications References : Similar to AF I , II, III

Executive Summary and Implications for Managers and Executives

THANK YOU