You are on page 1of 15

Submitted by: Retina Shrestha

To: Smriti Gurung

Human body is composed of numerous cells ranging from 50 to 75 trillions and about 210 cell types Cells are oriented into groups to form specialized tissues and finally organs. • • • . Many cell types in human like:  Glandular cells-salivary gland cell  Alimentary canal or digestive system cellspaneth cells  Goblet cells  Endocrine cells-ovarian endocrine cells  Exocrine cells-acinar cell of pancrease .

3 . The enzymes manufactured are Amylase. Trypsin and Lipase. These cells take up amino acids from the blood and assemble them into enzymes.• • • A cell that is highly specialized for the assembly and packaging of proteins for export.

Plasma membrane zymogen Central vacuole Golgi apparatus mitochondria Nuclear membrane Endopalsmic reticulum nucleolus .

Contribute to the regulation of intestinal flora. The large secretory granules found in the apical cytoplasm of paneth cell contain the antibacterial enzyme lysozyme.that possess prominent glycoprotein-containing secretory granules.situated within the recesses of the Intestinal Glands. The precise function of these cells are not known.• • • • Paneth cells are large cells. .

secretory granule . tissuePaneth of the Lamina Propria. rough Endoplasmic Reticulum. RER. Nucleolus. G. Golgi S. M. mitochondrion. of Nucleolus. connective tissue the Lamina Propria. RER. rough Endoplasmic Reticulum. Lysosome. N. G. intestine. CT. arrow. connective Fig. Nu. Nucleus.cell of small CT. base of Paneth cell Apparatus. Lysosome. Nucleus. Nu. secretory granule. N. M. Golgi Apparatus. S. mitochondrion. L. L.

Serous secretions are watery .viscous. Mucous secretions are mucoid. non viscous and proteinaceous. Salivary secretions are divided into two major categories : serous and mucous. and rich in polysaccharides and mucoproteins.• • • • • The break down of large particles into smaller ones’ is facilitated in the oral cavity by the secretions from many different salivary glands. The secretions involve saliva. .

A : serous cell B : mucus cell Fig: cross-section of salivary gland .

is found in the theca interna of a growing follicle in the ovary. The cell.where it secrets a steroid hormone that is a precursor of the female sex hormone. slender football. . estrogen.shaped like a long .• • An endocrine cell from the ovary synthesizes and secrets steroid hormones which are constructed from cholesterol.

.

Lipid droplets erythrocytes SER mitochondria Fig: Ovarian cell .

.

They usually have a broad apex and a narrow base. which dissolves in water to form mucus. . that protects and lubricates the lining of the intestine. The primary function is to secrete mucus . a slippery . rich in mucopolysaccharides . viscous substance.• • • • Goblet cells are glandular simple columnar epithelial cells whose sole function is to secrete mucin. The epithelium lining of the intestine and lungs contain many goblet cells.

goblet cells and basal cells.Goblet cell Ciliary cell Basal cell Fig. The three cell types shown hre are the elongate ciliated epithelial cells. illustrates the relationship between the different types of cells that line the trachea and bronchioles in the lung. .

Mucus droplets Golgi apparatus Nucleus RER Fig: Goblet cells of intestine .