Submitted by: Retina Shrestha

To: Smriti Gurung

Human body is composed of numerous cells ranging from 50 to 75 trillions and about 210 cell types Cells are oriented into groups to form specialized tissues and finally organs. • • • . Many cell types in human like:  Glandular cells-salivary gland cell  Alimentary canal or digestive system cellspaneth cells  Goblet cells  Endocrine cells-ovarian endocrine cells  Exocrine cells-acinar cell of pancrease .

Trypsin and Lipase.• • • A cell that is highly specialized for the assembly and packaging of proteins for export. These cells take up amino acids from the blood and assemble them into enzymes. The enzymes manufactured are Amylase. 3 .

Plasma membrane zymogen Central vacuole Golgi apparatus mitochondria Nuclear membrane Endopalsmic reticulum nucleolus .

.• • • • Paneth cells are large cells.situated within the recesses of the Intestinal Glands.that possess prominent glycoprotein-containing secretory granules. The precise function of these cells are not known. Contribute to the regulation of intestinal flora. The large secretory granules found in the apical cytoplasm of paneth cell contain the antibacterial enzyme lysozyme.

L. G. Lysosome. tissuePaneth of the Lamina Propria.cell of small CT. secretory granule . N. rough Endoplasmic Reticulum. of Nucleolus. G. mitochondrion. rough Endoplasmic Reticulum. Nucleolus. Nucleus. M. base of Paneth cell Apparatus. M. intestine. secretory granule. Golgi S. RER. mitochondrion. L. CT. N. connective tissue the Lamina Propria. Nucleus. Nu. S. Golgi Apparatus. arrow. connective Fig. Nu. RER. Lysosome.

. Serous secretions are watery .• • • • • The break down of large particles into smaller ones’ is facilitated in the oral cavity by the secretions from many different salivary glands. Mucous secretions are mucoid. and rich in polysaccharides and mucoproteins.viscous. The secretions involve saliva. non viscous and proteinaceous. Salivary secretions are divided into two major categories : serous and mucous.

A : serous cell B : mucus cell Fig: cross-section of salivary gland .

• • An endocrine cell from the ovary synthesizes and secrets steroid hormones which are constructed from cholesterol.shaped like a long . slender football. estrogen.where it secrets a steroid hormone that is a precursor of the female sex hormone. . is found in the theca interna of a growing follicle in the ovary. The cell.

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Lipid droplets erythrocytes SER mitochondria Fig: Ovarian cell .

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• • • • Goblet cells are glandular simple columnar epithelial cells whose sole function is to secrete mucin. The primary function is to secrete mucus . rich in mucopolysaccharides . They usually have a broad apex and a narrow base. which dissolves in water to form mucus. viscous substance. . The epithelium lining of the intestine and lungs contain many goblet cells. a slippery . that protects and lubricates the lining of the intestine.

The three cell types shown hre are the elongate ciliated epithelial cells. illustrates the relationship between the different types of cells that line the trachea and bronchioles in the lung.Goblet cell Ciliary cell Basal cell Fig. . goblet cells and basal cells.

Mucus droplets Golgi apparatus Nucleus RER Fig: Goblet cells of intestine .

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