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# OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS

“CAMERA & MAGNIFYING GLASS”

By: Cynthia – Meylinda – Kevin - Rendy

MAGNIFYING GLASS
M a g n i f y i n g g l a s s i s a convex lens that is used to produce a magnified image of an object. The lens is usually mounted in a frame with a handle

HISTORY
M G A G N L A S
Lecturer (University of Oxford) Did various experiments & described the principles of reflection and refraction

His research was oriented by the legacy of Alhazen Made a ‘start’ for microscopes, telescope and spectacles invention

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F Y I N

S

Roger Bacon
1250

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CONCEPT
M G A G N L A S

DOUBLE CONVEX LENS

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F Y I N

S

The properties of image : VIRTUAL UPRIGHT ENLARGED

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CONCEPT
M G A G N L A S

OBJECTIVE LENS OCULAR LENS

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F Y I N

S

foc > fob fob > foc

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HOW IT WORKS?
M G A G N L A S

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F Y I N

S

2f

f

f

2f

Note : The image will be formed smaller if it’s placed in the 3rd room.

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CALCULATION
M G A G L A

Maximum Accommodation :

No Accommodation : N S
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F Y I N

S
Accommodates in certain distance :

G

CALCULATION
M G A L

G
N I F Y

A
S S

θo Sn = 25 cm
No Accommodation

h

θ

I
N G

s
25cm

Maximum Accommodation

CALCULATION Maximum Accommodation :
A L

G
N I F Y

A
S S

I
N G

=

M G

CALCULATION
M G A L

No Accommodation :

G
N I F Y

A
S S

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N G

CALCULATION
Jessica reads a book using a magnifying glass with a focal point 2 cm and the near point of the eye known is 25 cm. Calculate the magnification of the object, on/if: a. Maximum Accommodation b. No Accommodation c. Accommodate in 10cm distance

CALCULATION
Known : - Focal point (f) = 2cm -Sn = 25cm Asked : a) Max acc => M = 25cm + 1 = 13.5 x 2cm b) No acc => M = 25cm = 12.5 x 2cm c) 10cm acc => M = 25cm 25cm + = 15 x 2cm 10cm

CALCULATION

OPTICAL POWER OF LENS dioptre / diopter

Andrehansen is using a microscope with a power of lens 12.5 dioptre, an the nearest is 25cm. What is the distance of the focus lens? The magnification when the eyes accomodate maximumly? The magnification when the eyes don’t accomodate? a)

b)

c)

CAMERA
Camera is a device that records images that can be stored directly, transmitted to another location, or both. These images may be still photographs or moving images such as videos or movies

HISTORY
1814

C A M E

A

Joseph Nicéphore Niépce

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HISTORY

C A M E

A

R

HISTORY
Jacques Mandé Daguerre

C A M E

A

1837

Daguerreotype Camera

R

Daguerreotype Camera Works

C A M E

A

R

C A M E

A

R

HISTORY

Calotype
C A M E A

1841
William Henry Talbot

R

1888
Eastman

HISTORY

C A M E

A

Kodak roll film camera

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HISTORY

C A M E

A

R

HISTORY

Edwin Land
C A M E A

R

1948

HISTORY

C A M E

A

R

HISTORY

C A M E

A 1963
1973 1978

Polaroid releases instant colour film. Polaroid develops one step instant colourfilm, shoot and print with one click.

Konica invents the point and shoot auto focus camera

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PARTS OF CAMERA

C A M E

A

PENTAPRISM

FLASH VIEWFINDER

LENS
MIRROR APERTURE
SHUTTER

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HOW IT WORKS?

C A M E

A

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TYPES
C A M E A

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CALCULATION C A M E A

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CALCULATION C A M E
Hansen bought old an SLR camera with a focal length of 80mm. Hansen wants to take a picture of Meiga Tok who is 2m away from the camera. Calculate: a) The distance of the lens to the film so that the image of Meiga Tok can be formed in the film. b) The magnification.

A

b) Known: a) Magnification f = 80mm S = 2m = 2000mm

R

si = 83.3mm