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Created by Grade X students, SMA IBC 2012-2013, topic about Telescope. Rate if you like.

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Andre Anthony Hansel Bunardi Felicia Limenkoh Fani Agusta Chandra

HISTORY

1. First refracting telescope (1608) Hans Lippershey, Zacharias Janssen and Jacob Metius 2. Galilean telescope (1609) 3. Keplerian telescope (1611) 4. And many more...

HISTORY

5. Gregorian telescope (1663; model of reflecting telescope) 6. First reflecting telescope – Newtonian telescope (1668) 7. Cassegrain telescope (1672) 8. And many more...

A tool Function : to observe objects closely and clearly when they are very far away Objects : celestial objects & terrestrial objects

REFRACTING TELESCOPE

)(

_ _

()

_

_

**OBJECTIVE LENS (OBL)
**

• Lens which is placed near the objects • MUST CONVEX LENS. Why? • Form real image at its focal point.

**OCULAR LENS (OCL)
**

• Lens which is placed near the eye • MAY BE CONVEX OR CONCAVE lens • Enlarge the real image

SO,

Length of telescope (distance between ObL n OcL)

= Fob + Foc

GALILEAN TELESCOPE

• By Galileo Galilei • ObL : convex lens • OcL : concave lens • (+) : Upright • (-) : Blurry, distorted

KEPLERIAN TELESCOPE

• By Johannes Kepler • ObL and OcL : convex lens • (+) : Rays are converging (more focus), Wider field of view • (-) : inverted

MAGNIFICATION

Of Refracting Telescope

Fob ____ = Foc

• Simple design

• Excellent for moon and planets

(planetary) • High contrast

• Not good for Nebula and Galaxy viewing (deep sky) • Heavier and longer than reflector telescope • Chromatic aberration happens

Chromatic Aberration

REFLECTING TELESCOPE

Gregorian telescope

l

• By James Gregory • Upright image • For terrestrial observation

GREGORIAN TELESCOPE

• By Isaac Newton • Upside-down image

NEWTONIAN TELESCOPE

• By Laurent Cassegrain • Upside-down image

CASSEGRAIN TELESCOPE

• Low cost • Excellent for deep sky viewing • Good for planetary viewing • Bright image

• Light loss due to secondary mirror

FORMULA

1 1 1 f si s o M

f f

ob oc

h s h s

i o

i

o

PROBLEM

1. The focal length of two convex lenses is 10cm and 20cm (fob,foc). Both lenses are seperated by 50cm. An object is in front of the first lens that has an image in the middle of both which is 31cm away from the first lens. a. Find the object length of the first lens b. Find the final magnification

PROBLEM

2. Two convex lens with the focal length 25cm and 5cm are separated by 70cm. A candle is placed 50 cm from the first lens. The position of the final image is... 3. What are the magnification and the distance between both lens if the focal length of a galilean telescope are 20cm and 4cm (obl,ocl) and the image form is at infinity?

Quiz Baby!

1. A space telescope (keplerian telescope) has focal length of objective and ocular lens which are 50cm and 2cm consecutively. The telescope will form an image at infinity. Determine : a. The magnification of the telescope b. The distance between both lenses

Quiz Baby!

2. The focal length of the objective lens of a Galilean telescope is 1,7m. This telescope is used to observe objects at infinity. If the magnification is 3x : a. Find the focal length of the ocular lens b. Find the distance between both lenses.

Quiz Baby!

3.The focal length of the objective and ocular lens of a Keplerian telescope are 20cm and 10cm consecutively. The distance between both lenses is 40cm.

Find the image position of the convex lens of an object that is placed 100cm in front of objective lens.

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