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‘BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACE’

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BCI APPLICATIONS 7.CONTENTS 1.MAJOR COMPONENTS OF BCI 4.FUTURE WORK .WHAT IS BCI? 3.PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION 9.BCI DISCIPLINE 8.ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES 10.? 6.TYPES OF BCI 5.WHY BCI.OVERVIEW 2.

.OVERVIEW • A direct technological interface between a brain and a computer X2 .n Y • Theoretical background About 100 billions of neurons Each has thousands of connections Brain is connected to sensors and actuators Brain Body organs . Neuron F(∑Xi) i=1...

or other devices with brain activity. televisions.WHAT IS BCI? • BCIs read electrical signals or other manifestations of brain activity and translate them into a digital form that computers can understand. • BCI can help people with inabilities to control computers. such as moving a cursor or turning on a TV. process. wheelchairs. . and convert into actions of some kind.

MAJOR COMPONENTS OF BCI • Ways of measuring neural signals from the human brain • Methods and algorithms for decoding brain • Methodology and algorithms for mapping the decoded brain activity to intended behavior or action states/intentions from these signals .

in which medical scanning • devices or sensors mounted on caps or headbands read brain signals Output: EEG. which implant electrodes • Electrode implants • Chip implants directly onto a patient’s brain • Noninvasive techniques. fMRI . MEG.TYPES OF BCIs • Invasive techniques.

WHY BCI? • BCI is a new neuroscience paradigm that might help us better understand how the human brain works • BCI research allows us to develop a new class of bioengineering control devices and robots • BCI hold promise for rehabilitation and improving • BCI can expand possibilities for advanced human computer interfaces (HCIs) performance .

HOW BRAIN-COMPUTER INTERFACES WORK .

PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION .

WHAT IS AN EEG? • An electroencephalogram is a measure of the brain's voltage fluctuations as detected from scalp electrodes. • EEG measures the electrical activity of the brain with multiple electrodes placed on the scalp • It is portable and relative inexpensive that is why most noninvasive BCIs are presently based on EEG. • It is an approximation of the cumulative electrical activity of neurons. .

PHYSICAL MECHANISMAS • EEGs require electrodes attached to the scalp with sticky gel • Require physical connection to the machine .

hands etc) o Diagnostics • Psychotherapy o Treatment • Military and civil research o Making dangerous jobs .BCI APPLICATIONS… • Enabling disabled people o Vision and hearing o Paralysis treatment o Prosthetic devices (legs.

o BCI APPLICATIONS CONT … o Provide a means of communication to completeley paralysed patients o Surgically implanted devices used as replacement for paralysed patients o Allow patients to control a computer by concious changes of brain activity .

more advancement . more features. ADVANTAGES • Techniques like EEG.MEG and neurochips have come into discussions since the BCI application have started developing • This has provided a new work area for scientists and researchers around the world.• BCIs will help creating a Direct communication between a human or animal brain and computers. • Also it provides better living.

typical a few bit per second or less • High Precision (can be used reliably) • Low bandwidth .ADVANTAGES CONT… • Have a very low data rate.

• • In case of Invasive BCI there is a risk of formation use scar tissue DISADVANTAGE S • There is a need of extensive training before user can use techniques like EEG • BCI techniques still require much enhancement before they can be used by users as they are slow • BCI techniques are costly. .

FUTURE WORK • Improving physical methods for gathering EEGs • Improving generalization • Improving knowledge of how to interpret waves .

Thanks For Your Time….? . Any Questions.