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Revision Exercise on Structures & Properties

S3 Chemistry

Giant Metallic Structure (Metal ←→Metal) b) c) Chlorine and Potassium Giant Ionic Structure (Metal ←→Non-metal) Simple Molecular Structure (Non-metal ←→Non-metal) Van der Waal’s Attraction between molecules Carbon and Oxygen d) Bonding Structure Giant Covalent Structure Carbon (in form of diamond) (Non-metal ←→Non-metal) .What is the bonding structure of the compound/element formed by : a) Sodium Atoms 1.

Structure Giant Ionic Structure Metal and Nonmetal Giant Metallic Structure Metal and Metal Giant Covalent Structure Nonmetal and Nonmetal Simple Molecular Structure Nonmetal and Nonmetal Attraction between Bonding Structure Comparison .

2. Map the compound/element to their melting point & boiling point.78 oC / .     3550 oC /4827 oC  98oC/883oC  .57 oC Strong bond / Giant metallic structure Strong bond / Giant ionic structure Sodium Potassium chloride Carbon Dioxide Weak Van Der Waal’s Attraction Diamond   770 oC /1420 oC Strong bond / Giant covalent structure Melting point / Boiling point .

Intermolecular Weak Van Der Waal’s Attraction between the molecules.Structure Giant Ionic Structure Metal and Nonmetal Giant Metallic Structure Metal and Metal Giant Covalent Structure Nonmetal and Nonmetal Simple Molecular Structure Nonmetal and Nonmetal Attraction between Attraction Strong Metallic Bond Strong Ionic Bond between the between the ions positive ions and mobile electrons High High Strong Covalent Bond between the atoms Intramolecular Strong Covalent Bond between the atoms. Low Melting point/ boiling point Very High Melting point / Boiling point Comparison .

What are the states of the following substances ? Sodium (Solid) (Solid) (Gas) (Solid)    Potassium Chloride Carbon Dioxide  Diamond State .3.

Low Gas/Liquid Melting point/ boiling point State at room temperature and pressure Very High Solid State Comparison . Intermolecular Weak Van Der Waal’s Attraction between the molecules.Structure Giant Ionic Structure Metal and Nonmetal Giant Metallic Structure Metal and Metal Giant Covalent Structure Nonmetal and Nonmetal Simple Molecular Structure Nonmetal and Nonmetal Attraction between Attraction Strong Metallic Bond Strong Ionic Bond between the between the ions positive ions and mobile electrons High Solid High Solid Strong Covalent Bond between the atoms Intramolecular Strong Covalent Bond between the atoms.

4. Estimate the electrical conductivity of the following substance Sodium Potassium Chloride Solid / Liquid Good / Poor Good / Poor ( Molten ) Good / Poor ( Any ) Good / Poor ( Any ) Because it has mobile electrons Because it has mobile ions Because it is a gas Carbon Dioxide Diamond Because it doesn’t have mobile eletrons/ions Electrical Conductivity .

Structure Giant Ionic Structure Metal and Nonmetal Giant Metallic Structure Metal and Metal Giant Covalent Structure Nonmetal and Nonmetal Simple Molecular Structure Nonmetal and Nonmetal Attraction between Attraction Strong Metallic Bond Strong Ionic Bond between the between the ions positive ions and mobile electrons High Solid Good in molten state Because it has mobile ions High Solid Strong Covalent Bond between the atoms Intramolecular Strong Covalent Bond between the atoms. Low Gas/Liquid Poor Because it doesn’t have mobile ions/electrons Melting point/ boiling point State at room temperature and pressure Very High Solid Electrical Conductivity Good in Solid or Poor Liquid Because it doesn’t Because it has have mobile mobile ions/electrons electrons Except graphite Conductivity Comparison . Intermolecular Weak Van Der Waal’s Attraction between the molecules.

5. What are the solubility of the following substances ? Sodium (Insoluble)    Potassium Chloride (Soluble) Carbon Dioxide (Insoluble) (Insoluble)  Diamond Solubility .

Intermolecular Weak Van Der Waal’s Attraction between the molecules. Melting point/ boiling point State at room temperature and pressure High Solid Good in molten state Because it has mobile ions Soluble High Solid Very High Solid Low Gas/Liquid Poor Because it doesn’t have mobile ions/electrons Insoluble Electrical Conductivity Solubility Good in Solid or Poor Liquid Because it doesn’t Because it has have mobile mobile ions/electrons electrons Except graphite Insoluble Insoluble Solubility Comparison .Structure Giant Ionic Structure Metal and Nonmetal Giant Metallic Structure Metal and Metal Giant Covalent Structure Nonmetal and Nonmetal Simple Molecular Structure Nonmetal and Nonmetal Attraction between Attraction Strong Metallic Bond Strong Ionic Bond between the between the ions positive ions and mobile electrons Strong Covalent Bond between the atoms Intramolecular Strong Covalent Bond between the atoms.

Good Electrical Conductivity in Solid/Molten b) What is the bonding structure of B ? Explain.Substance Melting point (oC) Boiling point (oC) Electrical Conductivity Solid state Molten state Solubility A B C D a) 130 690 1470 -99 450 1790 3420 -25 Good Poor Poor Poor Good Good Poor Poor Insoluble Soluble Insoluble Insoluble What is the bonding structure of A ? Explain. Good Conductivity in Molten & Soluble c) What is the bonding structure of C ? Explain. Low m./b. d) What is the bonding structure of D ? Explain. Poor Conductivity. Giant Metallic Structure.p.p. Giant Covalent Structure. Simple Molecular Structure..p./b.p. Giant Ionic Structure. poor conductivity & insoluble Integrated Question (Predict Structure) . Insoluble & high m.

Two compounds. of them can conduct electricity? Why? Integrated Question (Predict Properties) Z. ZX. Which one will soluble in water ? Explain it in details. Z is soft.4 6 9 2. X and Y are gases Which Which Which Which one is the most hardness? Why? one is not reactive? Why? Y .8. Group 7 are toxic. W. it is metal and ZX conduct in molten state .Element W Carbon X Florine Y Neon Z Sodium Atomic number a) b) 2. noble gas one is toxic? Why? X.8 11 2. Ionic Compound By considering all the substances above including the compounds in (b).1 c) ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Predict the state of each elements. Octet structure. one is formed by W and X and another is formed by X and Z.7 10 2.

 SO2 MgO SiO2 Non-metal. SiO2. Non-metal Covalent Bond Ionic Bond Covalent Bond Giant ionic structure Giant covalent structure Van der Waal’s Attraction Simple molecular structure Essay Type Question SiO2>MgO>SO2 . Non-metal Metal . Discuss how the melting points of these oxides are related to their bonding and structure. MgO. SO2 are oxides of Period 3 elements in the Periodic Table.Non-metal Non-metal.

Intermolecular Weak Van Der Waal’s Attraction between the molecules.Structure Giant Ionic Structure Metal and Nonmetal Giant Metallic Structure Metal and Metal Giant Covalent Structure Nonmetal and Nonmetal Simple Molecular Structure Nonmetal and Nonmetal Attraction between Attraction Strong Metallic Bond Strong Ionic Bond between the between the ions positive ions and mobile electrons High Solid Good in molten state Because it has mobile ions Soluble High Solid Strong Covalent Bond between the atoms Intramolecular Strong Covalent Bond between the atoms. Low Gas/Liquid Poor Because it doesn’t have mobile ions/electrons Insoluble Melting point/ boiling point State at room temperature and pressure Very High Solid Electrical Conductivity Good in Solid or Poor Liquid Because it doesn’t Because it has have mobile mobile ions/electrons electrons Except graphite Insoluble Insoluble Solubility Summary .

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