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Comedy in the early part of the silent film era was very different than we know it today. In those days, primary comedy was found in the unusualness, the strangeness, and the quirk of characters – in short, the more unlike normal people were, the funnier it was perceived to be.
But X pioneered an entirely new kind of comedy, the humor to be found in the ordinary man with his 1917 Y character.
X presented a boy who wore normal clothes (not the overly tight or loose-fitting garb usually seen), boasted minimal makeup (no phony moustaches, chin pieces, triangular eyebrows, or pastyfaced foundation), and generally looked like a guy who could live down the street from anyone. The only “gimmick” X had to Y was a pair of lens less horn rims bringing to life Y that formed an integral part in silent era comedies.
There is an apocryphal story that when writers were sitting in a hotel working on X, both suffered from a massive case of writers’ block and hadn’t been able to put down much for a few days. When the director said that he was coming down the next day, panic stricken the writers asked each other what do they have and scribbled the answer. Reading it over, inspiration kicked in and all they had to do was fill in the blanks before and after this iconic dialogue. The line, unbelievably corny though it might be, has goes down in cinema history as one of the best lines to be written ever. With the added emotions of the actors saying it, this 1975 hit took to the hearts of those considered to be the most emotional of them all.
William Rothenstein wrote to X about the need for an introduction for the English translation of Y’s magnum opus. X carried the manuscript to Normandy where he wrote the introduction in August 1912. On reading the manuscript he was enchanted by the sacred wisdom that it represented. X and Y , pioneers in the same field , forged a friendship that lasted 37 years , each influencing the other with Western vibrancy and Eastern philosophy respectively .The introduction that X wrote launched Y’s name into worldwide orbit . An excerpt from the introduction These lyrics--- are full of subtlety of rhythm, of untranslatable delicacies of colour, of metrical invention---display in their thought a world I have dreamed of all my live long. The work of a supreme culture, a tradition, where poetry and religion are the same thing, has passed through the centuries, gathering from learned and unlearned metaphor and emotion, and carried back again to the multitude the thought of the scholar and of the noble.
The 1942 X was supposed to be as big as if not bigger than Y’s other work, but many events contributed to this classic becoming an obscure Hollywood memory. Once most of X was finished, Y left for Brazil by request of the US State Department to make another film, which was intended to foster relations between the US and South America leaving the final process of editing to the film’s editor. There are conflicting reports of what happened next, but a number of scenes were cut, ordered either by RKO or by Y himself. Either way, the shortened version was previewed at a theatre in Pomona, CA, so that audience reaction could be used to make changes if necessary. It was re-cut and was somewhat received favorably by audience but rather than leaving the film alone, RKO believed that X would only appeal to a more mature audience and hence more changes were made to make it upbeat and shorter. It wasn't long before RKO took X away from Y completely. Y gained a status of not completing his projects after X and has said“They destroyed X and it destroyed me”
Narayanan Krishnan was a bright, young, award-winning chef with a five-star hotel group, short-listed for an elite job in Switzerland. But a quick family visit home before heading to Europe changed everything. “I saw a very old man eating his own human waste for food,” Krishnan said. “It really hurt me so much. I was literally shocked for a second. After that, I started feeding that man and decided this is what I should do the rest of my lifetime.” Krishnan was visiting a temple in the south Indian city of Madurai in 2002 when he saw the man under a bridge. Haunted by the image, Krishnan quit his job within the week and returned home for good, convinced of his new destiny.
“That spark and that inspiration is a driving force still inside me as a flame — to serve all the mentally ill destitute and people who cannot take care of themselves,” Krishnan said.
Krishnan founded his non-profit Akshaya Trust in 2003. Now 29, he has served more than 1.2 million meals — breakfast, lunch and dinner — to India’s homeless and destitute, mostly elderly people abandoned by their families and often abused.
It has been stated that X had been thinking of Madeleine Bell or Doris Troy and just couldn’t believe it when this housewifely white woman walked in. But when she opened her mouth, well, she wasn’t too quick at finessing what X wanted. She had to be told not to sing any words: when she first started, she was doing 'Oh yeah baby' and all that kind of stuff, so she had to be restrained on that. There was no real direction - she just had to feel it. But out came that orgasmic sound we know and love in the song Y.
The 1921 Pulitzer Prize for literature was awarded to X , but the Board of Trustees overturned the jury's decision and instead gave the award to , Edith Wharton for The Age of Innocence . In 1926 , X was awarded the Pulitzer again for , but this time X rejected it .In a letter to the Board , X wrote “All prizes, like all titles, are dangerous. ” is about the state and prospects of medicine in the United States. This novel has been inspirational for several generations of pre-medical and medical students. In 1932 it was made into an Academy Award nominated film by John Ford .
X is a legendary film director. Apart from his other achievements, one is that he inspired the great actor Y into adopting his stage name.This happened on the sets of his directorial début movie Z, which sparked off the career of Y. Another odd achievement of the movie Z, is that it has the first slow motion sequence in any movie in India. (Pic next slide) Id X and (Y, Z)
Creating the unsettlingly haunting, most exquisitely choreographed, sumptuously crafted, pristinely elemental and the most thematically tunicate filmic Gothic cinematic Expressionist picture belonging to the talkie era, X (1955) gave us the most terrorizing madmen of all time, a bogus preacher , a sleazily, unctuously maintained, murderously malevolent madman. Literally and figuratively black-cloaked beneath the visage of the his apparel, including the protective white collar attendant in his vocation, he is a rapacious and diabolically loathsome cretin, he avariciously targets women from whom he can steal money, nonchalantly snuffing out their lives as he proceeds apace in his wicked ways. Endowed with all of the charismatic ease and assuredness most successful men of the cloth are blessed to possess as well as a handsome exterior, he virtually bewitches the townspeople he encounters, drawing women informed of his availability by the gossiping elements of the rural vicinity, twisting his singularly privileged and empowered position as an attractant of devotion, love and respect by Christian people seeing him as a man of God, an avatar of Christianity. Projecting a psychopathic rationale from God through talking with the deity, he wallows in a weariness of purpose like the emblematic characterization of Death as a bored worker worn down by tedium. With the word HATE tattooed across his fingers, he is considered to be the most well written villains of the 50s.
In the years following the end of the series' run, several colleges and universities have offered classes on X in disciplines ranging from law to sociology to film studies to literature and even psychology. “Its depiction of the systemic inequality that constrains urban lives is more poignant and compelling than of any published study, including my own” – Dr. William Wilson, Harvard “I want to engage students in all of the varied ways one might approach this TV series: as a work of television, as a work of literature, as a work exploring social interactions and America,” – David Fox, Phillips Academy Students will watch all episodes of this extraordinary series at home or in the library. In class we’ll discuss “the best TV show ever broadcast in America” in depth as a powerful work of social criticism as well as a work of art (what the creator called a “paperless novel"). – Course description at University of Texas San Antonio.
This 1987 Fleetwood Mac song "Everywhere" is a visual depiction of which classic poem ?
As a songwriter, X is like the Ernest Hemingway of rock & roll, he gets right to the point, and he tells a story in short sentences. A great picture is in your mind of what's going on, in a very short amount of space, in well-picked words. He was also very smart as he knew that if he was going to break into the mainstream, he had to appeal to white teenagers, which he did. Everything in those songs is about teenagers. He knew he could have had his own success on the R&B charts, but he wanted to get out of there and go big time.
Written in 1955, the song is about a poor country boy who plays a guitar and who might one day become someone big. X had acknowledged that the song is partly autobiographical, and originally had "colour boy" in the lyrics, but he changed it to "country boy" to ensure radio play. The title is suggestive that the guitar player is good, and hints at autobiographic elements as X was born at 2520 Goode Avenue in St. Louis.
X is incredibly potent because it is a powerful critique of Hollywood and the resonances of stardom. It seems very modern even to this day and still has a lot to say about the nature of celebrity. An instance of art imitating life, Y was selected to play the leading role. Although Y appeared in nearly 70 films before X she would always be remembered for her role as the faded legend. Y easily blurred the lines between fact and fiction with this role. By casting someone who had been famous before the advent of the talkies and giving classic lines such as a certain frisson to the moviewatching experience was added. During an Oscar-night party, movie insiders watched X's face as it was announced that X had failed to win an Academy Award - the honour going to Judy Holliday for Born Yesterday. To this day the role has been X’s most famous and will always be remembered for it.
The Act of Life is the autobiography of X released in 2006. In it X goes on to say-
"And if people remember my punch line, perhaps it was a big fantasy .I gave a form to that character by my own personality and learning. It surpassed my own expectations playing one of the most interesting characters I have ever portrayed, and the audience loved it. And Y, in turn, made me a household name; it even echoed across the Indian diasporas to the extent that this image got permanently etched. Ironically, I was not in the film to begin with. Not many people know that sixty per cent of the film was already shot; my portions were filmed later and then sneaked in. As per my information, another actor was supposed to have played that role, but things apparently didn't work out and it fell into my lap. I was a bit apprehensive because more than half the film was complete and now they had come to me.
And I thought it would be fun after I had extensive discussions on this comicstrip villain, and the real import of the character lay in his get-up, his mannerisms, and the way he was to be presented.
X is a is a fictional character that first appeared in Tales to Astonish #27 (1962). X has however gained notoriety for assaulting his wife Y. However recently the writer of that particular issue has come on record claiming that “There is a scene in which X is supposed to have accidentally struck Y while throwing his hands up in despair and frustration—making a sort of “get away from me” gesture while not looking at her. Bob Hall turned that into a right cross! There was no time to have it redrawn, which, to this day has caused the tragic story of X to be known as the “wifebeater” . But in context I tried to make sense of it as X was going through some real shit at that point in his life, his authority being questioned and being disowned by some of his colleagues could have done that to him.“
Considered to be the first of the “girl group”, to cultivate a visual image (beehive hairstyle and matching costumes) and unique musical sound (with coordinated dance moves), they started off as practicing with their grandmother at home. They got their first gig accidently at New York’s trendy Pepperment Lounge being a smash hit that night with their sultry looks and smocking cover of Ray Charles’ “What’d I Say”. Infusing elements of Pop and R&B, they soon became gained popularity touring with RS before they became stars in the States. Today, they are considered as a major influence to female R&B and Pop vocalists.
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