Good AfterNoon to all of you im Karan Madan And ma topic is on

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and assume control of the PC. the generic terms boot monitor. or booting up. boot loader or boot ROM were commonly used. The primary function of the BIOS is to identify and initiate component hardware (such as hard disk. BIOS refers to the firmware code run by an IBM PC when first powered on.• The term is incorrectly known as Binary Input/Output System. execute. This is to prepare the machine so other software programs stored on various media can load. • . Some Sun and Macintosh PowerPC computers used Open Firmware for this purpose.This process is known as booting. BIOS can also be said to be a coded program embedded on a chip that recognizes and controls various devices that make up x86 personal computers. which is short for bootstrapping. Basic Integrated Operating System and occasionally Built In Operating System. Open Firmware (used on the OLPC XO-1) and coreboot. There are a few proposed alternatives for Legacy BIOS in the x86 world: Extensible Firmware Interface. floppy and optical disk drives). Among other classes of computers.

It is these routines that give the BIOS its name. and the serial and parallel ports. but its most important role is to load the operating system. They manage things like the keyboard. Managing a collection of settings for the hard disks. The BIOS provides those instructions. . It cannot get it from the operating system because the operating system is located on a hard disk. SCSI and graphics cards often have their own BIOS chips. it has to get that instruction from somewhere. and the microprocessor cannot get to it without some instructions that tell it how. When you turn on your computer and the microprocessor tries to execute its first instruction. clock. the screen.• • • • The BIOS software has a number of different roles. etc.For example. Some of the other common tasks that the BIOS performs include: A power-on self-test (POST) for all of the different hardware components in the system to make sure everything is working properly Activating other BIOS chips on different cards installed in the computer . Providing a set of low-level routines that the operating system uses to interface to different hardware devices . especially when the computer is booting.

• • • • • • • • • The BIOS is special software that interfaces the major hardware components of your computer with the operating system. This is its usual sequence: 1> Check the CMOS Setup for custom settings 2> Load the interrupt handlers and device drivers 3> Initialize registers and power management 4> Perform the power-on self-test (POST) 5> Display system settings 6> Determine which devices are bootable 7> Initiate the bootstrap sequence . When you turn on your computer. It is usually stored on a Flash memory chip on the motherboard. but sometimes the chip is another type of ROM. the BIOS does several things.

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 Email me at  kazz@zapak.com .

Special thanks To  1 > Mr Rohit Sethi 2 > LPU WiFi .

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