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Graphs of Other Trigonometric Graphs of Other Trigonometric 14-2Functions 14-2 Functions

Warm Up

Lesson Presentation
Lesson Quiz

Holt Holt Algebra Algebra 22

Graphs of Other Trigonometric 14-2 Functions


Warm Up If sin A = 1. cos A , evaluate. 2. tan A

3. cot A
5. csc A

4. sec A

Holt Algebra 2

Graphs of Other Trigonometric 14-2 Functions

Objective
Recognize and graph trigonometric functions.

Holt Algebra 2

Graphs of Other Trigonometric 14-2 Functions


The tangent and cotangent functions can be graphed on the coordinate plane. The tangent function is undefined when = + n, where n is an integer. The cotangent function is undefined when = n. These values are excluded from the domain and are represented by vertical asymptotes on the graph. Because tangent and cotangent have no maximum or minimum values, amplitude is undefined. To graph tangent and cotangent, let the variable x represent the angle in standard position.
Holt Algebra 2

Graphs of Other Trigonometric 14-2 Functions

Holt Algebra 2

Graphs of Other Trigonometric 14-2 Functions


Like sine and cosine, you can transform the tangent function.

Holt Algebra 2

Graphs of Other Trigonometric 14-2 Functions


Example 1: Transforming Tangent Functions Using f(x) = tan x as a guide, graph g( x) = Identify the period,

x-intercepts, and asymptotes.

Step 1 Identify the period.


Because b = the period is

Step 2 Identify the x-intercepts. The first x-intercept occurs at x = 0. Because the period is 3, the x-intercepts occurs at 3n where n is an integer.
Holt Algebra 2

Graphs of Other Trigonometric 14-2 Functions


Example 1 Continued

Step 3 Identify the asymptotes.


Because b = , the asymptotes occur at

Step 4 Graph using all of the information about the function.

Holt Algebra 2

Graphs of Other Trigonometric 14-2 Functions


Check It Out! Example 1 Using f(x) = tan x as a guide, graph Step 1 Identify the period. Because b = the period is .

Identify the period, x-intercepts, and asymptotes.

Step 2 Identify the x-intercepts.

The first x-intercept occurs at x = 0. Because the period is 2, the x-intercepts occur at 2n where n is an integer.
Holt Algebra 2

Graphs of Other Trigonometric 14-2 Functions


Check It Out! Example 1 Continued

Step 3 Identify the asymptotes.

Step 4 Graph using all of the information about the function.

Holt Algebra 2

Graphs of Other Trigonometric 14-2 Functions

Holt Algebra 2

Graphs of Other Trigonometric 14-2 Functions


Example 2: Graphing the Cotangent Function Using f(x) = cot x as a guide, graph . Identify the period, x-intercepts, and asymptotes. Step 1 Identify the period. Because b = 3 the period is Step 2 Identify the x-intercepts.

The first x-intercept occurs at x = . Because the period is , the x-intercepts occurs at
, where n is an integer.
Holt Algebra 2

Graphs of Other Trigonometric 14-2 Functions


Example 2: Graphing the Cotangent Function Step 3 Identify the asymptotes. Because b = 3, the asymptotes occur at

Step 4 Graph using all of the information about the function.

Holt Algebra 2

Graphs of Other Trigonometric 14-2 Functions


Check It Out! Example 2 Using f(x) = cot x as a guide, graph g(x) = cot2x. Identify the period, x-intercepts, and asymptotes. Step 1 Identify the period. Because b = 2 the period is Step 2 Identify the x-intercepts. The first x-intercept occurs at x = . Because the period is , the x-intercepts occurs at .

, where n is an integer.
Holt Algebra 2

Graphs of Other Trigonometric 14-2 Functions


Check It Out! Example 2 Continued Step 3 Identify the asymptotes. Because b = 2, the asymptotes occur at

x=
Step 4 Graph using all of the information about the function.

Holt Algebra 2

Graphs of Other Trigonometric 14-2 Functions

Recall that sec = . So, secant is undefined where cosine equals zero and the graph will have vertical asymptotes at those locations. Secant will also have the same period as cosine. Sine and cosecant have a similar relationship. Because secant and cosecant have no absolute maxima, no minima, amplitude is undefined.

Holt Algebra 2

Graphs of Other Trigonometric 14-2 Functions

Holt Algebra 2

Graphs of Other Trigonometric 14-2 Functions

You can graph transformations of secant and cosecant by using what you learned in Lesson 14-1 about transformations of graphs of cosine and sine.

Holt Algebra 2

Graphs of Other Trigonometric 14-2 Functions


Example 3: Graphing Secant and Cosecant Functions Using f(x) = cos x = as a guide, graph g( x ) = Identify the period and asymptotes. Step 1 Identify the period. Because sec is the reciprocal of cos the graphs will have the same period. Because b = for cos the period is

Holt Algebra 2

Graphs of Other Trigonometric 14-2 Functions


Example 3 Continued Step 2 Identify the asymptotes. Because the period is 4, the asymptotes occur at where n is an integer.

Step 3 Graph using all of the information about the function.


Holt Algebra 2

Graphs of Other Trigonometric 14-2 Functions


Check It Out! Example 3 Using f(x) = sin x as a guide, graph g(x) = 2csc x. Identify the period and asymptotes. Step 1 Identify the period. Because csc x is the reciprocal of sin x the graphs will have the same period.

Because b = 1 for csc x the period is

Holt Algebra 2

Graphs of Other Trigonometric 14-2 Functions


Check It Out! Example 3 Continued Step 2 Identify the asymptotes. Because the period is 2, the asymptotes occur at

Step 3 Graph using all of the information about the function.

Holt Algebra 2

Graphs of Other Trigonometric 14-2 Functions


Lesson Quiz: Part I 1. Using f(x) = tan x as a guide, graph g(x) = Identify the period, x-intercepts, and asymptotes. period: 2; x-intercepts: 2n; asymptotes: x = + 2n

Holt Algebra 2

Graphs of Other Trigonometric 14-2 Functions


Lesson Quiz: Part II 2. Using f(x) = sin(x) as a guide, graph g(x) = Identify the period, and asymptotes. period: 6; asymptotes: x = 3n

Holt Algebra 2