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Presentation on how to graph trigonometric functions.

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Warm Up

Lesson Presentation

Lesson Quiz

Warm Up If sin A = 1. cos A , evaluate. 2. tan A

3. cot A

5. csc A

4. sec A

Holt Algebra 2

Objective

Recognize and graph trigonometric functions.

Holt Algebra 2

The tangent and cotangent functions can be graphed on the coordinate plane. The tangent function is undefined when = + n, where n is an integer. The cotangent function is undefined when = n. These values are excluded from the domain and are represented by vertical asymptotes on the graph. Because tangent and cotangent have no maximum or minimum values, amplitude is undefined. To graph tangent and cotangent, let the variable x represent the angle in standard position.

Holt Algebra 2

Holt Algebra 2

Like sine and cosine, you can transform the tangent function.

Holt Algebra 2

Example 1: Transforming Tangent Functions Using f(x) = tan x as a guide, graph g( x) = Identify the period,

Because b = the period is

Step 2 Identify the x-intercepts. The first x-intercept occurs at x = 0. Because the period is 3, the x-intercepts occurs at 3n where n is an integer.

Holt Algebra 2

Example 1 Continued

Because b = , the asymptotes occur at

Holt Algebra 2

Check It Out! Example 1 Using f(x) = tan x as a guide, graph Step 1 Identify the period. Because b = the period is .

The first x-intercept occurs at x = 0. Because the period is 2, the x-intercepts occur at 2n where n is an integer.

Holt Algebra 2

Check It Out! Example 1 Continued

Holt Algebra 2

Holt Algebra 2

Example 2: Graphing the Cotangent Function Using f(x) = cot x as a guide, graph . Identify the period, x-intercepts, and asymptotes. Step 1 Identify the period. Because b = 3 the period is Step 2 Identify the x-intercepts.

The first x-intercept occurs at x = . Because the period is , the x-intercepts occurs at

, where n is an integer.

Holt Algebra 2

Example 2: Graphing the Cotangent Function Step 3 Identify the asymptotes. Because b = 3, the asymptotes occur at

Holt Algebra 2

Check It Out! Example 2 Using f(x) = cot x as a guide, graph g(x) = cot2x. Identify the period, x-intercepts, and asymptotes. Step 1 Identify the period. Because b = 2 the period is Step 2 Identify the x-intercepts. The first x-intercept occurs at x = . Because the period is , the x-intercepts occurs at .

, where n is an integer.

Holt Algebra 2

Check It Out! Example 2 Continued Step 3 Identify the asymptotes. Because b = 2, the asymptotes occur at

x=

Step 4 Graph using all of the information about the function.

Holt Algebra 2

Recall that sec = . So, secant is undefined where cosine equals zero and the graph will have vertical asymptotes at those locations. Secant will also have the same period as cosine. Sine and cosecant have a similar relationship. Because secant and cosecant have no absolute maxima, no minima, amplitude is undefined.

Holt Algebra 2

Holt Algebra 2

You can graph transformations of secant and cosecant by using what you learned in Lesson 14-1 about transformations of graphs of cosine and sine.

Holt Algebra 2

Example 3: Graphing Secant and Cosecant Functions Using f(x) = cos x = as a guide, graph g( x ) = Identify the period and asymptotes. Step 1 Identify the period. Because sec is the reciprocal of cos the graphs will have the same period. Because b = for cos the period is

Holt Algebra 2

Example 3 Continued Step 2 Identify the asymptotes. Because the period is 4, the asymptotes occur at where n is an integer.

Holt Algebra 2

Check It Out! Example 3 Using f(x) = sin x as a guide, graph g(x) = 2csc x. Identify the period and asymptotes. Step 1 Identify the period. Because csc x is the reciprocal of sin x the graphs will have the same period.

Holt Algebra 2

Check It Out! Example 3 Continued Step 2 Identify the asymptotes. Because the period is 2, the asymptotes occur at

Holt Algebra 2

Lesson Quiz: Part I 1. Using f(x) = tan x as a guide, graph g(x) = Identify the period, x-intercepts, and asymptotes. period: 2; x-intercepts: 2n; asymptotes: x = + 2n

Holt Algebra 2

Lesson Quiz: Part II 2. Using f(x) = sin(x) as a guide, graph g(x) = Identify the period, and asymptotes. period: 6; asymptotes: x = 3n

Holt Algebra 2

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