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A LIT UP CIGARETTE!!

Introduction
Smoking is one of the worst things kids or adults can do to their bodies. Yet every single day nearly 4,400 kids between the ages 12 and 17 start smoking.

Why do people smoke??


There's more than just one simple answer. Some kids may start smoking just because they're curious. Others may like the idea of doing something dangerous - something grown-ups don't want them to do. Still others might have grown up around lots of people who smoke and they might think it's the way to act like an adult.

You've probably heard that smoking and tobacco use can cause cancer and heart disease. That's true, but sometimes kids can't really think that far into the future to worry about an illness they might not get for 20 years. Some of the problems that might affect kids more quickly: bad breath
yellow teeth smelly clothes more colds and coughs difficulty keeping up with friends when playing sports Empty wallet cigarettes and tobacco products are very expensive!

What youve heard, that kids dont realise!!!

What is Smoking and Smokeless Tobacco?


Tobacco is a plant that can be smoked in cigarettes, pipes, or cigars. It's the same plant that's in smokeless tobacco, known as dip, chew, snuff, spit, or chewing tobacco. Smokeless tobacco is not lit and breathed in like tobacco in cigarettes, pipes, and cigars. Instead, smokeless tobacco is put between the lip and gum and sucked on inside the mouth.

What is the main ingredient in tobacco?


Tobacco contains nicotine, a chemical that causes a tingly or good feeling - but that feeling only lasts for a little while. Nicotine is also addictive that means that if you start to use nicotine, your body and mind will become so used to it that youd need to have it just to feel OK.

Tobacco plant

What's It Like?
Usually, people don't like smoking or chewing tobacco at first. Your body is smart, and it knows when it's being poisoned. When people try smoking for the first time, they often cough a lot and feel pain or burning in their throat and lungs. This is your lungs' way of trying to protect you and tell you to keep them smoke free. Also, many people say that they feel sick in their stomachs or even throw up. If someone accidentally swallows chewing tobacco, they may be sick for hours.

Why Is It So Bad for You?

Cigarettes and smokeless tobacco kill hundreds of thousands of people every year. The nicotine and other poisonous chemicals in tobacco cause lots of diseases, like heart problems and some kinds of cancer. If you smoke, you hurt your lungs and heart each time. It also can make it more difficult for blood to move around in the body, so smokers may feel tired and cranky. The longer you smoke, the worse the damage becomes.

Some Side Effects of Smoking


Smokers are more likely to be absent from work than non-smokers, and their illnesses last longer. Smokers tend to get more medical costs, to see physicians more often , and to be admitted to the hospital more often and for longer periods than non-smokers. Smokers have a lower survival rate after surgery compared to that of non-smokers because of damage to the body's host defences, delayed wound healing, and reduced immune response. Smokers are at greater risk for complications following surgery, including wound infections, postoperative pneumonia, and other respiratory complications. Periodontitis is a serious gum disease that can result in the loss of teeth and bone loss. Smoking is causally related to periodontitis. This may be because smoking affects the body's ability to fight infection and repair tissue.

Effects of Smoking on the Body


Organ
Brain Eyes Ears Mouth Skin Heart Lungs Stomach Limbs
Short Term effects Long Term effects
Stop body parts from working & KILLS YOU

head-aches cannot focus


become a little deaf
yellow teeth, bad breath

Go Blind

wrinkles
strokes, increases heart beat

Totally Deaf Mouth Cancer Skin Cancer Heart Disease


Lung Cancer Stomach Cancer Amputated limbs

asthma
problems for unborn babies

shaky hands

Parts of a Cigarette!!!!

The black colour in this lung is due to cigarette smoke!!!!!

Damaged toes due to poor blood circulation- will lead to amputation

Result of damage to blood vessels due to smoking!!!!!!

Expansion of finger endsassociated with breathing and heart problems!

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW


More than 400,000 deaths in the U.S. each year are from smoking-related illnesses. Smoking kills an estimated 120,000 people each year in the UK. It is a major cause of illness and premature death on average, persistent smokers die 10 years younger than non-smokers.

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Tobacco contains over 4,000 chemicals, many of which are harmful. These include:
Benzene - solvent used in fuel and chemical manufacture Formaldehyde - highly poisonous, colourless liquid used to preserve dead bodies Ammonia - chemical found in cleaning fluids. Used in cigarettes to increase the delivery of nicotine Hydrogen cyanide - poisonous gas used in the manufacture of plastics, dyes, and pesticides. Often used as a fumigant to kill rats Cadmium - extremely poisonous metal found in batteries Acetone - solvent found in nail polish remover Arsenic - ingredient in rat poison
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The three main components of inhaled smoke are :


Nicotine Carbon monoxide Tar

all of which can cause disease.


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It is absorbed into the bloodstream and effects the brain within 10 seconds. If you are a regular smoker, when the blood level of nicotine falls, you usually develop withdrawal symptoms such as craving, anxiety, restlessness, headaches, irritability, hunger, difficulty with concentration, or just feeling awful. These symptoms are relieved by the next cigarette. So, most smokers need to smoke regularly to feel 'normal', and to prevent withdrawal symptoms. 20

Carbon monoxide
Carbon monoxide is a poisonous gas found in car fumes, which reduces the amount of oxygen carried in the blood. Oxygen is vital for the bodys organs to function efficiently. The reduction in oxygen changes the consistency of the blood, making it thicker and putting the heart under increased strain as it pumps blood around the body.
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Tar

Tar contains many substances proven to cause cancer. Irritants found in tar damage the lungs causing narrowing of the tubes (bronchioles) and damaging the small hairs (cilia) that protect the lungs from dirt and infection.
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Effects of Smoking and the reasons to Stop


International studies of millions of people by government, industry, universities, and private research institutions have determined that smoking can cause:
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Cancers
Lung cancer (About 30,000 people in the UK die from lung cancer each year. More than 8 in 10 cases are directly related to smoking). Mouth, throat and nose cancer Cancer of the larynx Oesophageal cancer Pancreatic cancer Bladder cancer Stomach cancer Kidney cancer Leukaemia
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Heart and circulatory diseases


Heart attacks and Heart disease (is the biggest killer illness in the UK. About 120,000 people in the UK die each year from heart disease). Arteriosclerosis - build up of fatty deposits in the blood vessels. Causes loss of elasticity in the artery walls, which can lead to diseases such as stroke, gangrene and aortic aneurysms. High blood pressure
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Respiratory disease and Other illnesses


Asthma. Chronic Polmunary (About 25,000 people in the UK die each year from this serious lung disease. More than 8 in 10 of these deaths are directly linked to smoking). Increased frequency of colds, particularly chest colds and bronchitis. Shortness of breath. Headaches. Stained teeth, fingers, and hair Insomnia. Diarrhea and colitis. Arthritis. Decreased sexual activity and mental depression.
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Blood flow to the extremities is decreased (cold hands and feet). Smoking decreases the oxygen supply, requiring a higher blood pressure, thus causing extensive circulatory problems and premature heart attacks. Smokers have difficulty running and exercising. Air pollution (auto exhausts, industry wastes, etc.) increases the lung cancer rate of the smoker, but not of the non-smoker. The time to recover from any specific ill, whether caused by smoking or not, is much longer for the smoker. Often, a non-smoker will survive a sickness from which he would have died had he smoked. The smoker's body requires more sleep every night. This extra sleep must come from his spare time. Besides needing more sleep, smokers don't sleep as well. Smokers are sick more often, Smoking destroys vitamins, particularly vitamin C and the B's. Lower intelligence has been related to smoking. In fact, smoking is both a cause and an effect of lower intelligence, just as smoking is both a cause and effect of lower income.

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What are the benefits of stopping smoking?


The benefits begin straight away. You reduce your risk of getting serious disease no matter what age you give up. However, the sooner you stop, the greater the reduction in your risk

It is never too late to stop smoking to gain health benefits.


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Benefits of stopping smoking include the following:


Breathing improves. Chest infections and colds become less frequent. Reduction in 'smoker's cough'. The smell of stale tobacco goes from your breath, clothes, hair, and face. Foods and drinks taste and smell much better. Finances improve. You are likely to feel good about yourself.

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How can I stop smoking?


About 2 in 3 smokers want to stop smoking. Some people can give up easily. Willpower and determination are the most important aspects when giving up smoking. However, nicotine is a drug of addiction and many people find giving up a struggle.

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Getting Ready to Quit


Set a date for quitting. If possible, have a friend quit smoking with you. Notice when and why you smoke. Try to find the things in your daily life that you often do while smoking (such as drinking your morning cup of coffee, etc). Change your smoking routines: Keep your cigarettes in a different place. Smoke with your other hand. Don't do anything else when smoking. Think about how you feel when you smoke. Smoke only in certain places, such as outdoors. When you want a cigarette, wait a few minutes. Try to think of something to do instead of smoking; you might chew gum or drink a glass of water. Buy one pack of cigarettes at a time. Switch to a brand of cigarettes you don't like. Just before your stop date, get rid of all of your cigarettes, matches, lighters and ashtrays.
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On the Day You Quit


Get support and encouragement. Learn how to handle stress and the urge to smoke. When you get that urge to smoke (and you will), drink some water. Relax by taking a hot bath, going for a walk, or breathing slowly and deeply. Think of changes in your daily routine that will help you resist the urge to smoke. For example, if you used to smoke when you drank coffee, drink hot tea instead. Think about how your cigarette money helps support those hypocritical tobacco companies whose income is derived at the expense of the health, wealth, happiness, efficiency, and resources of the addicted smoker. Give yourself rewards for stopping smoking. For example, with the money you save by not smoking, buy yourself something special. Get medication and use it correctly. Nicotine replacement products are ways to take in nicotine without smoking. These products are like: gum, patch, nasal spray, inhaler and lozenge. Using one of these roughly doubles your chance of stopping smoking if you really want to stop. 33

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Keep trying
Keep trying. Many ex-smokers did not succeed at first, but they kept trying.The first few days after stopping will probably be the hardest. Show yourself and to the others who you are. Life's too good and too short to waste on that filthy habit.

35 Thank You for your time

How Does Smoking Hurt Us?

It makes your breath and clothes smell bad!

Makes you cough!

Makes you tired!

No Energy!

Smoking Its not fun!


Harder to take part in Physical Activity
Cant play as long

Affects your sense of taste and smell

Smoking can even make you sick!

Its not good for your heart or lungs!

Good Lung

Bad Lung

The Health Effects!


Affects EVERY part of your body Hair Brain Eyes Mouth breath and teeth Yellow skin and wrinkles Difficulty in breathing (Asthma, etc). Serious Diseases

Smoking Its not Pretty!


Wrinkles Yellow teeth & fingers Brittle hair & nails Acne longer to heal Tooth decay & oral cancer

Second-Hand Smoke

Second-Hand Smoke
allergic reactions, headaches, breathing problems, ear aches, eye soreness, asthma attacks And some of the same diseases that smoking causes.

Second-Hand Smoke

If you can smell it, its dangerous!

Why Do People Start to Smoke?


Curious experimenting Peer Pressure Parents or friends smoke Looks cool Want to fit in What are other reasons?

You Can Help!


Never

start to smoke promise to stay smoke free


Speak

Up! Say NO!

Saying NO to Smoking
90% of youth who smoke 2 cigarettes or more, go on to be smokers for most of their life. Smoking is not popular most people dont smoke

Saying NO to Smoking
Give a reason or excuse
I have allergies. I cant because I play sports.

No thanks
Broken record
No. No. No. I said No.

Saying NO to Smoking
Cold shoulder
Ignore them. Go & talk with other friends.

Reverse the pressure


I dont want to & I cant believe you do.

Strength in

Choosing Not To Smoke Means That

I will be able to breath better!

My Heart Will Be Stronger!

I will be able to play and exercise longer and more often!

My clothes and breath will smell better!

I will be able to smell and taste better!

I will live a longer and healthier life!

Remember
when you cant breathe nothing else matters!

For More Information


Teachers, adults, family, friends

Smokers Helpline for information on how to quit, how to say NO,

Questions & Answers

Stay Healthy & Love Your Lungs!