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PRESENTATION ON CANCER

Submitted By:Yaman Sharma Class - X B-518

What is a Cancer?
Cancer medically known as MALIGNANT NEOPLASM.  Cancer is a group of various diseases.  It involves unregulated cell growth.

How it occurs?

Cells divide and grow uncontrollably.  Forming dangerous tumors.  Occupy nearby parts of the body.  Also spread by lymphatic system or bloodstream.  Not all tumors are cancerous.

SYMPTOMS
Unintentional weight loss  Fever  Being excessively tired  Changes to the skin  Persistent fever  Unconsciousness  Feeling short of breath  Weakness and aching

TYPES OF CANCER
Brain Tumor  Pancreas Cancer  Breast cancer  Cervical cancer  Leukemia  Lymphoma  Melanoma  Ovarian cancer  Colorectal cancer

Appendix cancer  Adrenocortical Carcinoma  Bile Duct Cancer  Bone Cancer  Brain Stem Glioma  Bronchial Tumor  Embryonal Tumer  Cardiac Tumor  Esophageal cancer  Eye cancer  Fibrous Histiocytoma of bone,malignant

Stomach Cancer  Germcell Tumor  Gallbladder Cancer  Hodgkin Lymphoma  Kidney Tumor  Liver Cancer  Lung Cancer  Nasal Cavity & Paranasal Sinus Cancer  Oral Cancer  Rectal Cancer  Thyroid Cancer  Throat Cancer

GENETIC CANCER TYPES
Breast Ovarian Pancreatic

HNPCC MLH1 MSH2
MSH6

HNPCC

PMS1
PMS2 Colon Uterine Small bowel

Stomach
Urinary tract

OTHER MEDICAL FACTORS
Causes in the number of possible cancer-causing mutations in our DNA . This makes age an important risk factor for cancer.Several viruses have also been linked to cancer such as: a) Human papillo mavirus(a cause of cervical cancer) b) Hepatitis B and C(causes of liver cancer)

c) Epstein-Barr virus (a cause of some childhood cancers) d) Human immuno deficiency virus(HIV)and anything else that suppresses or weakens the immune system-inhibits the body's ability to fight infections and increases the chance of developing cancer

Causes Of Cancer
Inadequate Diet  Physical inactivity  Obesity  Excess body weight  Ionizing radiation and non-ionizing radiation  Chemical or physical triggers  Tobacco

Not All Tumors Are Cancerous
Tumors can be: a) Benign tumors aren't cancerous . They can often be removed and in most cases , they do not come back . Cells in benign tumors do not spread to other parts of the body. b) Malignant tumors are cancerous . Cells in these tumors can invade near by tissues and spread to other parts of the body . The spread of cancer from one part of the body to another is called metastasis.

MAIN OBJECTIVE OF CANCER SCREENING
To detect cancer cases early enough to make curative treatment possible .  Screening for liver , stomach , lung and colorectal cancers have focused on people at higher risk for those cancers.  For example , screening for liver cancer can result in earlier diagnosis , but because treatment of that cancer is largely ineffective, screening has not been shown to people.

Types Of Prevention

Primary prevention-which aims to reduce or eliminate exposure to cancer-causing risk factors , will be critical for controlling cancers in developing countries.

TREATMENT

A human papillo mavirus(HPV) vaccine to prevent infection from certain types of the virus that can lead to cervical cancer.  Hepatitis B to help prevent liver cancer.

DETECTION OF CANCER

Physicians use information from symptoms and several other procedures to diagnose cancer . Imaging techniques such as X-rays , CT scans ,MRI scans , PET scans, and ultrasound scans are used regularly in order to detect where a tumor is located and what organs may be affected by it.

Doctors may also conduct an endoscopy, which is a procedure that uses a thin tube with a camera and light at one end, to look for abnormalities inside the body

PROGRAMS TO CONTROL DISEASE
Tobacco use is the most important cause of cancers of the lung and respiratory system and the esophagus and it contributes to several other cancers.  Excessive alcohol consumption accounts for 20 percent to 30 percent of liver and esophageal cancers.  Effective tobacco and alcohol control programs include increasing taxes on

Restricting or banning advertising and promotion , banning smoking in public places  Educating the public about the health risks of excessive use of alcoholic  Promoting healthy diets and exercise can take place in schools and worksites and through other public health campaigns.  Promoting healthy lifestyles and curbing obesity can reduce the risk of cancer as well as the risk of many other(particularly

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