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Tropical Cyclone – Orissa(east)(Super cyclonic storm October 99)(agriculture) and Gujarat(west) (very severe cyclonic storm June 98)(industry) Hurricane Katrina-USA
529km coastline Ocean very shallow –ideal place for high storm generation. 409 persons per sq km-agri and fishing Thatched roofs and mud wall Flood drought and cyclone very common. Coastal area is located in high annual rainfall zone of over 150cm. 55% cyclone from Bay of Bengal hits Orissa and WB.
next is super cyclonic storm with wind speed of 260kmph. T-scale to rate the intensity of cyclone by US. Remained very severe in the land till 30th morning and lost its power on 5th November in AP coast. By 27th further intensified into severe cyclonic storm Then into super cyclonic storm(wind speed 220kmph) by midnight of October 28th.October 1831 Balasore 22k death September 1885 False point 5k death Nov 1942 Kendrapara 20k death October 1971 Paradip 10k October 1998 Ersama 9893 death October 99 two cylcones hit in gap of 11 days. History of the cyclone Low pressure area October 24 99 about 550km east of port blair. then into an intensified cyclonic storm. . this cyclone is T-7. Coastal Orissa during 29th to 31st October reported 50cm rainfall. Max is 8. next day it changed into a depression. Wind speed of 200kmph.
High storm surge(6 to 7mt). Great intensity of super cyclone level. Heave rainfall for 3 to 4 days. Government were still working on the relief and rehabitation of the after effect of the first cyclone and the second cyclone hit the same place. Max surface windspeed 260 Kmph. Special Characteristics of the cyclone Super cyclonic storm-the same place struck by a cyclone 11 days ago-most intense cyclone ever to strike Orissa. India metrological department (IMD) warned about the cyclone 48 hrs in advance.Forecasting and warning INSAT tracked the cyclone and cyclone detection Radars at Paradip and Visakhapatnam. Pressure was as low as 912hpa. Causes of Unprecedented Damage/Destruction Exceptional nature of the Cyclone. However the nature of the cyclone in land cannot be predicted. . stationery/slow moving after crossing coast but still maintain severity. Prolonged exposure of structures and vegetation's to very strong winds.
6 million people affected by cyclone. many districts were partially affected. cuttack and kendrapara agriculturally rich devastated completely by strong winds. Puri. Jagatsinghpur.IMPACTS • • AREA AFFECTED: Twelve districts affected including two districts of west Bengal. telecommunication etc. 15. Puri and khurda previously affected by cyclone. of causalities were found in Jagatsinghpur district. • • • • LOSS OF LIVES AND DAMAGE TO PROPERTIES: financial loss calculated by the government not include the loss incurred on the central government properties like railways. eight coastal districts affected. Total of 9893 people died. Khurda. two districts. . through which the cyclone passed was severely affected. Majority no.
1998 .Gujarat cyclone of June.
7% of National average. cotton. Longest coastline around 1600 kms. 4th in the country in terms of urbanization. bajra. severe cyclones ever recorded was the porbandhar cyclone of October 1975 estimated speed of 210 – 220 kmph. jowar are kharif crops grown during monsoon and post-monsoon period. Main professions of the people in the cyclone affected areas are fishing.96 lakhs square km Urban population is 34. jamnapur. Groundnut.rajkot and kuchchh reported most number of damages. A VSCS(very severe cyclonic storm) forming in the Arabian sea struck Gujarat on 9 June 1998 affecting 12 districts.Gujarat Population 4.5 % compared to 25. Area: 1. industry. commerce and agriculture. trade. Porbandar. .13 crores.
On 7th morning about 650 kms towards southwest of goa and on evening towards veraval in Gujarat.History of cyclone Low pressure area over the southeast Arabian Sea on 2nd June 1998. At 5:00 in the morning on 9th. Lead to depression by 4th June and got intensified by evening. crossing Gujarat coast at 25 kms and at 8:30 found at northeast of veraval in saurashtra. . On 10th increase of depression and entered in Jodhpur at about 50 kms and reduced the pressure by 10th night. Got converted into cyclonic storm by 5th and on 6th morning it became a severe cyclone about 560 kms towards southwest of Goa.
The whole process was recorded at INSAT and CDR at Bhuj. There were complaints noticed regarding the lack of communication. . High wind speed of 160 to 170 kmph. Characteristics of cyclone: Severest cyclone ever to strike coast after Porbandar cyclone. Heavy rainfall reported of about 50 to 60 kms struck coast during very dry period with moderate rainfall. It reported clearly visible eye from 5 to 7:30 IST when the event was occurring. IMD repeatedly reporting on whereabouts of the cyclone happening on 7th. people took precautionary measures who heard on radios. Fisheries and ports warned earlier before 7th. First ever Generated about 3m high in the gulf of kuchchh. Forecasting and Warning: First located in southeast of Arabian sea faraway from Gujarat coast.
Infrastructure damage outside the surge due to strong winds. . Standard procedure of informing the villages did not work and reluctance of people not moving to safer places.causes of destruction Most causalities were due to drowning in storm surges. Inexperience of people about a cyclone due to the occurrence of one after 23 years. Area affected 12 districts affected in which saurashtra and kuchchh were worst hit. A few more districts recorded worst hit. Surges occurred in thickly populated port where people have no idea of what it is.
falling trees due to strong winds. . 1174 missing.Damage caused 1173 people dead.5 lakh houses destroyed. 3500 people officially injured and 2. Even industries and the crops were severely affected. A few deaths were recoded due to collapse of buildings. The storm carried away a large no of saltpan workers (agaries) who were living in the squatter settlements. Kandla (port town area) recorded of 900 lives dew to drowning. Total estimate cost of the damage was about 190 crores. large number of migrant workers were affected as well.
 nearly triple the damage brought by Hurricane Andrew in 1992. it was the sixth strongest overall. It was the costliest natural disaster.833 people died in the hurricane and subsequent floods. as well as one of the five deadliest hurricanes. At least 1. total property damage was estimated at $81 billion (2005 USD).S. Among recorded Atlantic hurricanes. making it the deadliest U.Hurricane Katrina was the deadliest and most destructive Atlantic hurricane of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season. in the history of the United States. . hurricane since the 1928 Okeechobee hurricane.
Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). .S. history and prompted a lawsuit against the U.S. 2005 and crossed southern Florida as a moderate Category 1 hurricane.Hurricane Katrina formed over the Bahamas on August 23. causing some deaths and flooding there before strengthening rapidly in the Gulf of Mexico. The hurricane surge protection failures in New Orleans are considered the worst civil engineering disaster in U. the designers and builders of the levee system as mandated by the Flood Control Act of 1965.
but it regained hurricane status about one hour after entering the Gulf of Mexico. the storm was given the name Katrina. The tropical storm continued to move towards Florida. The storm weakened over land. 2005 as the result of an interaction of a tropical wave and the remains of Tropical Depression Ten. . and became a hurricane only two hours before it made landfall between Hallandale Beach and Aventura on the morning of August 25.METEROLOGICAL HISTORY Hurricane Katrina formed as Tropical Depression Twelve over the southeastern Bahamas on August 23. The system was upgraded to tropical storm status on the morning of August 24 and at this point.
the NHC realized that Katrina had yet to make the turn toward the Florida Panhandle and ended up revising the predicted track of the storm from the panhandle to the Mississippi coast. Katrina had strengthened to a Category 3 storm in the Gulf of Mexico. Later that afternoon. including the New Orleans area at 10 am CDT Saturday. August 27. The NHC issued a hurricane watch for southeastern Louisiana. at 10 am CDT (1500 UTC). August 26.PREPARATIONS On the morning of Friday. That afternoon the NHC extended the watch to cover the Mississippi and Alabama coastlines as well as the Louisiana coast to Intracoastal City .
The United States Coast Guard began prepositioning resources in a ring around the expected impact zone and activated more than 400 reservists. staged rescue aircraft from Texas to Florida. Air crews. began a round-the-clock rescue effort in New Orleans. On August 27. many of whom lost their homes during the hurricane. it moved its personnel out of the New Orleans region prior to the mandatory evacuation. in Mobile. and along the Mississippi and Alabama coastlines .. Aircrews from the Aviation Training Center. All aircraft were returning towards the Gulf of Mexico by the afternoon of August 29.CONTD….
the sand that comprised the barrier island was transported across the island into the Mississippi Sound. The US Geological Survey has estimated 217 square miles (560 km2) of land was transformed to water by the hurricanes Katrina and Rita. In Dauphin Island. . which had been affected by Hurricane Ivan the previous year. in some cases completely devastating coastal areas. The storm surge caused substantial beach erosion. The storm surge and waves from Katrina also obliterated the Chandeleur Islands. pushing the island towards land. approximately 90 miles (150 km) to the east of the point where the hurricane made landfall.ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS Katrina also had a profound impact on the environment.
as well as migratory species such as redhead ducks. As a result.CONTD…. Mississippi sandhill cranes. turtles. and fish. . The damage from Katrina forced the closure of 16 National Wildlife Refuges. The lands that were lost were breeding grounds for marine mammals. the hurricane affected the habitats of sea turtles. Overall. about 20% of the local marshes were permanently overrun by water as a result of the storm. Breton National Wildlife Refuge lost half its area in the storm. brown pelicans. Red-cockaded woodpeckers and Alabama Beach mice.
PRESENTATION BY ASHWIN KARAN JAIN RAJ KARTHIK NM MANGLESHWAR S .
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