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RF CONTROLLED FIRE FIGHTING ROBOT

CONTENTS
OBJECTIVES TECHNOLOGY/IDEA

BLOCK DIAGRAM
DESCRIPTION ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES APPLICATIONS CONCLUSION FUTURE SCOPE

OBJECTIVES

This project deals with RF controlled Robot. It is used as fire extinguisher i.e. it sprinkles water on to fire It is a prototype for the path finder which was sent to mars in 1998 This was a great achievement which detected the secrets of MARS

This can be moved forward and reverse direction using geared motors and can take sharp turnings.
When the robot is moving on a surface the system produces a beep sound when metal is detected.

TECHNOLOGY/IDEA

RF robot can also be used as fire extinguisher i.e. it sprinkles water on to fire

RF is a frequency or rate of oscillation within the range of 3Hz -300GHz


The RF modules used here are STT-433 MHz Transmitter, STR433 MHz Receiver, HT12E RF Encoder and HT12D RF Decoder. The switches are interfaced to the RF transmitter through RF Encoder.

If a switch is pressed then the motor gets switched on which in turn switches on water sprinkler

TECHNOLOGY/IDEA

The encoder will continuously read the status of the switches, passes the data to RF transmitter and transmitter will transmits the data This data will be received by the RF receiver As the TX requires a encoder, the RX also needs a decoder

This project uses 9V battery


This project uses AT89S52 MCU as its controller.

BLOCK DIAGRAM(TX)

BLOCK DIAGRAM(RX)

DESCRIPTION

RF transmitter

The transmitter used is STT 433 MHz It has 4 pins Antenna

Vcc
Data GND

DESCRIPTION

RF receiver

The receiver used is STR 433MHz

It has 8 pins
Antenna Gnd(3)

Vcc(2)
Data(2)

KIT WORKING SNAPS

ADVANTAGES
No line of sight Not blocked by common materials. It can pass through solids Longer range Not sensitive to light Not sensitive to weather conditions

DISADVANTAGES

Communication devices mostly use similar frequency so interference occurs if address is not specified. High cost.

Data rate transmission is lower than wired transmission.


It cannot be work beyond limit

APPLICATIONS
Industries are using RF solutions
for monitoring, control , process, inventory tracking, data links and bar code reading devices. Consumer products electronic toys, home security, gate and garage door openers, Intercom, fire and safety systems, and irrigation controllers. Medical products patient call and monitoring, handicap assistance device, surgery Communication system, remote patient data logging and ECG monitor.

CONCLUSIONS
This Project presents a firefighting robot using RF communication and it is designed and implemented with Atmel 89S52 MCU in embedded system domain. Experimental work has been carried out carefully. The result shows that higher efficiency is indeed achieved using the embedded system. The proposed method is verified to be highly beneficial for the security purpose and industrial purpose.

FUTURE SCOPE
The practical application domains where robotic technology is most likely to be used are
Civil defence

Search and rescue, Fire fighting


Domestic services like cleaning , arranging

Security/surveillance
patrol, observation etc. War machines Exploration(oceans,space,deserts etc.)

QUERIES