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Wireless Electricity

FUTURE OF ELECTRICITY!!!

Why do we need wireless electricity???


The ever increasing power demand

The need of electricity in every nook and corner of the world The demand of eco-friendly power
Requirement of efficient and reliable power To reduce dependence on wires and batteries

History of Wireless Power:


In 1899, Sir Nikola Tesla Proposed a
method of Wireless Power Transmission. As it is in Radiative mode, most of the Power was wasted and has less efficiency.

Tesla was able to transfer energy from one coil to another coil He managed to light 200 lamps from a distance of 40km The idea of Tesla is taken in to research after 100 years by a team led by Marin Soljacic from MIT. The project is named as WiTricity.

Teslas ingenious design for the wireless transmission of energy

The Witricity Team

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In 2007,6 MIT members headed by Marin Soljacic were able to successfully transmit power to a bulb within a distance of 2m at a freq of 9.9MHz using concepts of non radiative mid range energy transfer Resonance inductive coupling Efficiency at that point was just approximately 43%

Experimental Design:
Our experimental scheme consists of two Self-resonant coils. One coil (source coil) is coupled inductively to an oscillating circuit; the other (device coil) is coupled inductively to a resistive load. Self-resonant coils rely on the interplay between distributed inductance and distributed capacitance to achieve resonance.

Power

source is connected to ac power. is connected to capture device.

Bulb

Blue

lines represent the magnetic near field induced by the power source. lines represent the flow of energy from the source to the capture coil.
This

Yellow

powers light bulb.

magnetic field can wrap around the obstacle between power source and capture coil.

The

electricity Electro magnetism magnetism

Magnetic induction

basics
Resonant magnetic coupling

resonance

Energy coupling

Electricity is a general term that encompasses a variety of phenomena resulting from the presence and flow of electric charge. Magnetism is a force that acts at a distance due to a magnetic field. This field is caused by moving electrically charged particles or is inherent in magnetic objects such as magnet.

Electromagnetic induction is the production of voltage across a conductor moving through a magnetic field. Electromagnetism is one of the four fundamental interactions of nature, along with strong interaction, weak interaction and gravitation. It is the force that causes the interaction between electrically charged particles; the areas in which this happens are called electromagnetic fields Energy/Power Coupling: Energy coupling occurs when an energy source has a means of transferring energy to another object

Resonance :is the tendency of a system to oscillate with larger amplitude at some frequencies than at others. These are known as the system's resonant frequencies (or resonance frequencies). At these frequencies, even small periodic driving forces can produce large amplitude oscillations Resonant Magnetic Coupling: Magnetic coupling occurs when two objects exchange energy through their varying or oscillating magnetic fields. Resonant coupling occurs when the natural frequencies of the two objects are approximately the same.

Types of wireless energy transfer techniques are:-

Short range Inductive coupling


Mid range Resonance Inductive coupling Long range-Electromagnetic
Wave Power Transfer

Inductive Coupling is a method for short range wireless energy transfer. Inductive coupling works on the principles of electro magnetic induction. Its range can vary, but its often very short.

Wireless electricity makes use of the conceptOscillating electric field produces magnetic field and oscillating magnetic field produces electric field.

Resonant Inductive 1 Coupling


Uses almost the same concept as Inductive coupling just that the coils operate at resonant frequency leading to efficient transfer of energy over a larger distance

LONG RANGE: FAR-FIELD POWER TRANSFER


Far-field method achieves longer ranges which is much greater than the diameter of device. These far-field type techniques include Radio & Microwave Power Transmission Techniques & LASER Techniques.

Block diagram for witricity mechanism

WITRICITY ENABLED ROOM

APPLICATIONS
CONSUMER ELECTRONICS
Automatic wireless charging of mobile electronics in home, car, office,...while devices are in use and mobile.
Direct wireless powering of stationary deviceseliminating expensive custom wiring, unsightly cables and wallwart power supplies.

Transportation
Automatic wireless charging for existing electric vehicle classes: golf carts, industrial vehicles. Automatic wireless charging for future hybrid and all-electric passenger and commercial vehicles, at home, in parking garages, at fleet depots, and at remote kiosks. Direct wireless power interconnections to replace costly vehicle wiring harnesses and slip rings.

Other Applications
Direct wireless power interconnections and automatic wireless charging for implantable medical devices (ventricular assist devices, pacemaker, defibrilator, etc). Automatic wireless charging and for high tech military systems (battery powered mobile devices, covert sensors, unmanned mobile robots and aircraft, etc). Direct wireless powering and automatic wireless charging of smart cards. Direct wireless powering and automatic wireless charging of consumer appliances, mobile robots, etc.

WE CAN REDUCE Trillion Of Towers which are Around Us

Production of 40 Billion Disposable Batteries / Yr can be reduced

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WiTricitys technology is a nonradiative mode of energy transfer, relying instead on the magnetic near field. Magnetic fields interact very weakly with biological organismspeople and animals and are scientifically regarded to be safe. WiTricity products are being designed to comply with applicable safety standards and regulations.

ADVANTAGES

No need of line of sight. No need of power cables and batteries. Does not interfere with radio waves.

Wastage of power is less. Negative health implications. Highly efficient than electromagnetic induction. Less costly

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Wireless power transmission can be possible only in few meters. Efficiency is only about 40%.

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