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ZIGBEE

WHAT IS ZIGBEE?
Technological Standard Created for Control and Sensor Networks Based on the IEEE 802.15.4 Standard Created by the ZigBee Alliance

SENSOR/CONTROL NETWORK REQUIREMENTS


Large networks (large number of devices and large coverage area) that can form autonomously and that will operate very reliably for years without any operator intervention Very long battery life (years off of a AA cell), very low infrastructure cost (low device & setup costs) and very low complexity and small size Device data rate and QoS needs are low Standardized protocols are necessary to allow multiple vendors to interoperate

WHY ZIGBEE?
Reliable Mesh networking Low data-rate applications Very long battery life Secure Scalable Low cost Global applicability

HOW DOES ZIGBEE WORK?


Engineers feel Wi-Fi and Bluetooth may be unsuitable. This spawned the idea of digital radio networks via direct-sequence spread spectrum coding. ZigBee-compliant radios may operate on one of three different radio bands: the 800 MHz, 900 MHz, or 2.4 GHz frequencies. Follows the internationally recognized radio standard for the MAC and PHY Layer.

TARGET MARKETS
Monitors Sensor s Automatio n Control Industrial & Commercial Consumer Electronics TV VCR DVD CD Remote

PC Peripherals Mouse Keyboard Joystic k Gamepad

Personal Healthcare

Low Data Rate Radio Devices

Monitors Diagnostic s Sensor s

Toys & Games

PETs Gameboy s Educationa l

Home Automation

Security HVAC Lighting Closure s

PC And Peripherals
Desktop PCs and Home Entertainment Systems (Home Theatre TV) o Computer peripherals; o HID devices Video conference equipment o Remote control Video gaming equipment o Multi-player PC & video games o Remote controls for audio and video equipment

Human Input Devices (HID)


Keyboard Mouse / Pointing Device Remote Controls (controls for audio & video equipment) Gaming device Double Joystick

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PATIENT MONITORING
May allow more patient freedom o Monitors vital statistics and sends via internet Patient can remain in their own home Lowers cost and improves comfort o Can be used in hospice care Patients are allowed greater movement Reduced staff to patient ratio Light way to bathroom when they get out of bed Reduces patient confusion
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LIGHTING CONTROL
Wireless Lighting Control o Dimmable ballasts o Light switches anywhere o Customizable lighting schemes o Energy Saving on bright days

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ZIGBEE VS BLUETOOTH

ZIGBEE AND BLUETOOTH


Optimized for different applications
Bluetooth ZigBee o Larger packets over small network o Smaller packets over large o Ad-hoc networks network o File transfer o Mostly Static networks with o Screen graphics, pictures, handsmany, infrequently used free audio, Mobile phones, devices headsets, PDAs, etc. o Home automation, toys, remote controls, etc.

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ZIGBEE AND BLUETOOTH


Address Different Needs
Bluetooth is a cable replacement for items like Phones, Laptop Computers, Headsets Bluetooth expects regular charging o Target is to use <10% of host power

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ZIGBEE AND BLUETOOTH


Address Different Needs
ZigBee is better for devices Where the battery is rarely replaced o Targets are : Tiny fraction of host power New opportunities where wireless not yet used

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ZigBee and Bluetooth


CONCLUSION
ZigBee targets applications not addressable by Bluetooth or any other wireless standard

ZigBee and Bluetooth complement for a broader solution

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TOPOLOGY MODELS
Allows users to balance system cost, reliability & battery life

Mesh
Reliability Extended Range No Battery Life Routing Complexity

Star
Simplicity Low Cost Long Battery Life Single Point of Failure

Hybrid (Cluster Tree) Flexibility


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Reliability/Range of Mesh Battery Life of Star Design Complexity

PAN coordinator Full Function Device Reduced Function Device

ZIGBEE MESH NETWORKING

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ZIGBEE MESH NETWORKING

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ZIGBEE MESH NETWORKING

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ZIGBEE MESH NETWORKING

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ZIGBEE MESH NETWORKING

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