You will also learn what bases are. Acids can be found in food and bases in house cleaning products. .Introduction • In this presentation you will learn that acid is just not a substance that can burn your skin or even burn a hole through a piece of metal.

in a water solution or is any • substance that accepts H+ from acids. • Indicator= is an organic compounds that changes color in acids and bases.Vocabulary • Acid= Is a substance that produces hydrogen ions in a water solution. . • Base=any substance that forms hydroxide ions. • Hydronium ions= ions.

Also your stomach uses hydrochloric acid to help digest your food. Many foods contain acids. H+ ions interact with water molecules to form H3O+ ions. When an acid dissolves in water. Acids have several common properties. which are called hydronium ions. For example all acids taste sour. Some acids react with strongly with certain metals. . seeming to eat away the metals as metallic compounds and hydrogen gas forms.Acids • What comes to mind when you hear the word acid? Do you think of a substance that can urn your skin or even a hole though a oiece of metal? An acid is a substance that produces hydrogen ions in a water solution. It is the ability to produce these ions that gives acids their characteristic properties.

in a water solution or is any substance that accepts H+ from acids. In the pure. One way to think about bases is as the opposite of acids. In solution . you dont consume many bases. OH. An example is soap. Bases are important in many cleaning materials. . many bases are crystalline solids. Although you can eat some foods that contain acids. One characteristic of bases is that they feel slippery. bases feel slippery and have a bitter taste. The indicator litmus turns blue in bases. Strong bases are corrosive and contact with skin can result in severe burns. A base is Base=any substance that forms hydroxide ions. are slightly basic.Bases • You might not be as familiar with bases as you are with acids. Some foods sucha as egg whites. • You probably are familiar with many common bases because they are found in cleaning products used in home. Still you come in contact with many bases every day. undissolved state.

the negative areas of nearby water molecules attract the positive hydrogen in the acid. an acid can more accuratelybe described as a compound that produces hydronium ions when dissolved in water.Solutions of Acids and Bases • Many products that rely on chemistry of acids and bases are solutions. • The acid separates into ions and the hydrogen atom combines with a water molecile to form hydronium ions( H3O+). Therefore. water is the main solvent in these products. When a acid dissolves in water. Because of its polarity. .

Solutions of Acids and Bases • When bases that contain –OH dissolve in water. The positive areas of nearby water molecules attract the –OH of the base. such as some bathroom bowl cleaners and bleach. • Ammonia is a base that does not contain –OH. The base dissociates into a positive ion and a negative ion – a hydroxide ion (OH-). products containing ammonia never should be used with other cleaners that contain that contain chlorine( sodium hypochlorite). However. . the negative areas of nearby water molecules attract the positive ion in the base. Ammonia is a commmmon household cleaner.

they are said to be electrolytes. Thus. Solutions of both acids and bases produce some ions that are capable of carrying electric current to some extent. Breathing these gases can severly damage lung tissues and cause death. .Solution of Acids and Bases • A reaction between sodium hypoclorite and ammonia produces the toxi gases hydrazine and chloramine.

Arrhenius suggested that acids are compounds that contain hydrogen and can dissolve in water to release hydrogen ions into solution. • In the late 1800s. are corrosive to metals. change litmus blue. the first reasonable definition of acids and bases would not be proposed until 200 years later. change litmus (a dye extracted from lichens) red. For example. hydrochloric acid (HCl) dissolves in water as follows: • HCl H2O H+(aq) + Cl-(aq) • Arrhenius defined bases as substances that dissolve in water to release hydroxide ions (OH-) into solution. • Bases feel slippery. and become less acidic when mixed with bases. and become less basic when mixed with acids.Extra Info • Acids taste sour. • While Boyle and others tried to explain why acids and bases behave the way they do. the Swedish scientist Svante Arrhenius proposed that water can dissolve many compounds by separating them into their individual ions. .

• A acid is a substance that produces hydrogen ions in a water solution.Quiz • What is the definition of acid? Give an example . .

. OH-. in a water solution.Quiz • What is the definition of base? Give an example • A base is any substance that forms hydroxide ions.

D) All of the above A) .Quiz • Which of these is a characteristic of a base? • • • • • A) They are slippery B) They taste sour C) They react strongly with ceartain metals.