Archived Information

U.S. Department of Education's

Early Childhood Initiative
November 2000

RESEARCH RESOURCES
• Preventing Reading Difficulties in Young Children. 1998. Snow, Burns, & Griffin (Editors). Washington, DC: National Academy Press. www.nap.edu • Starting Out Right: A Guide to Promoting Children’s Reading Success. 1999. Burns, Griffin,& Snow (Editors). Washington, DC: National Academy Press. www.nap.edu

RESEARCH RESOURCES
• Eager to Learn: Educating Our Preschoolers. Executive Summary. 2000. Bowman, Donovan, & Burns. Washington: DC National Academy Press. www.nap.edu • The National Center on Early Development and Learning (NCEDL) - The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill www.ncedl.org

Characteristics of quality preschool programs
• Consider the whole child: cognitive, social-emotional, and motor development are complementary, mutually supportive areas of growth. • Adult relationships: Responsive interpersonal relationships with teachers nurture young children’s dispositions to learn and help develop their emerging abilities. • Small class size: Both class size and adult-child ratios are correlated with greater program effects.

Characteristics of quality preschool programs
• Quality curriculum: No single curriculum or approach can be identified as “best.” • Quality teachers: The education of teachers is related to the quality of early childhood programs. Programs found to be highly effective in the U.S. and abroad actively engage teachers and provide high quality supervision for teachers.

Title I
• First authorized as part of President Johnson’s war on poverty in 1965, Title I is the largest Federal elementary and secondary education program with a budget of nearly $8 billion.

Title I
• Title I serves over 12.5 million children in roughly 14,000 school districts, and 48,000 schools. Roughly 90% of all districts nationally receive Title I funds and roughly 24% of all public school students are affected by Title I services provided at the local level.

Title I Preschool
“The Stronger the Start the Better the Finish” Secretary Richard Riley

• Since the enactment of Title I in 1965, preschool services have been an allowable use of Title I funds.

Title I Preschool
• • • • • Title I Schools Participating Children Pre-K Children Kindergarten Grades 1-3 48,000 12,524,079 300,315 1,276,892 4,041,471

Source: 1997-98 St. Performance Reports

Title I Preschool Services
• In 1999-2000, 17% of Title I LEAs spent an estimated $407 million on preschool services, making Title I second only to Head Start in its level of federal preschool education funding. (GAO)

Uses of Title I Funds for Preschool
• Any Title I school may use Title I funds to operate a preschool for eligible children. • An LEA may reserve an amount off the top for a district-wide preschool.

Title I Preschool Schoolwide Programs
• A schoolwide program school has the discretion to limit preschool services to the at-risk children or to serve all children in the school or attendance area. • May decide to implement a family literacy model which integrates early childhood education with adult literacy and parenting education.

Use of Funds for Title I Preschool
Title I funds may be used to: • Create a new preschool at the district or school level. • Expand an existing preschool (e.g. those funded by Head Start) by adding more children, more time, or more services. • Improve the quality of existing preschool programs.

Use of Funds for Title I Preschool
For example, Title I funds may be used for: • Teacher Salaries • Parent Education/Involvement • Professional Development • Counseling services • Minor remodeling • Leasing or renting of space • Collaboration with Head Start, Special Ed, etc.

Who is Eligible for Title I Preschool??
• Children at risk of not meeting challenging state standards. • Children from birth through entrance to formal schooling. • Any child who participated in Head Start or Even Start is automatically eligible. • Children do not have to be eligible for Head Start.

Title I Preschool Selection of Participants
• Preschool children must be selected for Part A services on the basis of such criteria as teacher judgement, interviews with parents, and developmentally appropriate measures. • Parent education and income may be used as surrogate criteria for participation in Title I preschool when family is in a family literacy program.

Title I Preschool Head Start Standards
Section 1112(c)(1)(H) of Title I requires that Part A preschool programs must comply with performance standards established under the Head Start Act. The specific standards that apply are in 45CFR 1304.21 --Education and Early Childhood.

Where???
Title I preschool services may be conducted outside the public school building in a community facility or in the home.

Welcome to the VIP Village

VIP Village
• 26 State Funded Classes • 4 Special Education Classes • 2 District Funded Classes • 32 Preschool Teachers • 35 Instructional Assistants • +Support Personnel • 735 Preschoolers

VIP Village Demographics
• Student Population at VIP Village • Socio Economic Status
• Free or Reduced Lunch • TANF 72.7% 38.6% 67.7% 2.2% 1.9% 76.2%

735

• Languages
• Spanish • Tagalog • Other

• Ethnic Minority

Where We Get Our $$$$$$
State
State Preschool
(26 Classes)

District
District Preschool
(2 Classes) (1 Classes)

Federal
Special Education $63,000 Title VII
(5 Years)

$1,730,046 Special Education
(3 Classes)

$100,000

$175,000

$1.2 million
*Family Liaisons *Master Teachers *Primary Language

Title I $50,000
*Booster Club *HOSTS Learning Center

Components of a quality family literacy program
• Interactive literacy activities between parents and their children. • Training for parents regarding how to be the primary teacher for their children. • Parent literacy training • Age-appropriate education for children

Federal Programs that Support Family Literacy
• Title I, Part A • Even Start • Head Start • Adult Education and Family Literacy Act • Migrant Education • Reading Excellence Act

Adult Education and Family Literacy Act, Title II of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998
• www.ed.gov/offices/ovae/adusite.html

Guide to ED Programs
• http://web99.ed.gov/GTEP/Program2.nsf

Preschool Grants Program Section 619 of Part B of IDEA
• Provides grants to states to serve young children with disabilities, ages 3 through 5 years. • For overview: • www.nectas.unc.edu/sec619/619overview.html

Office of Special Education Programs

Ready to Learn
• Early Intervention • Child Find Among Underserved Populations • Transition • Family-centered practices