Marital-relating to the state of
marriage; marital status.

Commuter Marriages(living apart together)is a voluntary arrangement where dual-career

Nonmarital-unmarried but they
live together.

Single Life

Why do people remain single? -Some young adults stay single because they have not found the right mates, others are single by their choice. -More women today are self-supporting and there is less social pressure to marry. -Some people want to be free to take risks, experiment and make changes. -Some enjoy sexual freedom.

3.Telling family and friends- many

homosexuals cannot bring themselves to do this for a long time-if ever. The revelation can bring disapproval, conflict, and rejection; or it may deepen family solidarity and support. 4.Complete openness- this include telling colleagues, employers, and others. Homosexuals who reach this stage have achieved health acceptance of their sexuality as part of who they

Long-term gay and lesbian relationships are more common in societies that tolerate, accept or support them(Gardiner & Kosmitzki, 2005). The ingredients of long-term satisfaction are very similar in homosexual and heterosexual relationships(Patterson,1995). The factors that predicted the quality and stability of a relationship-psychological adjustment, personality traits, perceptions of equality between the partners, ways of resolving conflicts and satisfaction with social support- also

couple who live together and maintain a sexual relationship.

Cohabitation-status of an unmarried

Types of Cohabitation
1. International Comparisons-Surveys in 14 European countries, Canada, New Zealand and the United States found wide variations in the probability that woman will cohabit at least once before age 45. A British demographer (Kiernan, 2002) suggest that the various types or functions of cohabitation reflect successive stages in it’s acceptance . In stage 1, cohabitation is fringe or avant garde

almost indistinguishable from marriage , where cohabitating couples have practically the same legal rights as married ones.

Consensual or informal unions,

2.Cohabitation in United States. According to one
analysis appears to be in transition from stage 2 to stage 3, as cohabitation becomes a lifestyle in itself rather than a transition to marriage.

Cohabitating relationships tend to be less satisfying and less stable than marriage. Some researchers suggests that cohabitating couples have unhappier marriages and greater likelihood of divorce than those who wait to live together until marriage. Couples who conceive a child during cohabitation are more likely to marry and less likely to split; but those who bear a child during cohabitation are more likely to break up after marriage.

Marriage- is a social, spiritual, or legal union of individuals.

Monogamy- marriage to one mate-is the norm in most developed societies.

Polygyny- a man’s marriage to more than woman at a time-is common in Islamic countries, African societies and parts of Asia. In polyandrous societies, where women generally wield more economic power, a woman may take several husbands.

Benefits of Marriage In most societies, the institution of marriage is considered the best way to ensure orderly raising of children. It allows for a division of labor within a consuming and working unit. Ideally, it offers intimacy, commitment, friendship, affection, sexual fulfillment, companionship and an opportunity for emotional growth, as well as new sources of identity and self-esteem. Today, the important benefits of marriage, such as

Entering Matrimony

Catholic marriage, also called matrimony, is an "indissoluble bond between a man and a woman, created by human contract and ratified by divine grace." The transition to married life brings major changes in sexual functioning, living arrangements, rights and responsibilities, attachments and loyalties. Among other tasks, marriage partners need to redefine the connection with their original

Sexual Activity after Marriage.

Married couples report more emotionally satisfaction from sex than single or cohabitating couples. It is hard to know just how common extramarital sex is, because

Marital Satisfaction

-Married people tend to be happier than unmarried couple, though those in unhappy marriages are less happy than those who are unmarried or divorced. -Marital happiness was positively affected by increased economic resources, equal decision making, nontraditional gender attitudes and

Factors in Marital Success or Failure
-Age at marriage is another major predictor whether a union will last. -People who wait until their twenties to marry have a better chance of success. -People who attach high importance to religion are less likely to experience marital dissolution than those to whom religion is relatively unimportant.



For many adults, the parental role is well planned and coordinated with other roles in life and is developed with the individual’s economic situation in mind. The prospective parents may have mixed emotions and romantic illusions about having a child. Husbands and wives’ may bring different viewpoints of parenting practices to the marriage.


Parenthood as a Developmental Experience

A first baby marks a major transition in parents’ lives. This totally dependent new person changes relationships. As children

Men and Women Involvement in Parenthood

Both women and men often have mixed feelings about becoming parents. Along the excitement, they may feel anxiety about the responsibility of caring for a child and the commitment of time and energy entails. Becoming a parent had a much stronger impact on the lives of married women than of married men. Married mothers complained of more

How Dual-Earner Families Cope

Dual-earner families take diverse forms. In most of these families, traditional gender roles prevail, with the man as the main provider and the woman as secondary provider, but this is changing. In

Benefits and Drawbacks of a Dual-Earner Lifestyle
Combining work and family roles is generally beneficial to both men and women in terms of mental and physical health and strength of their relationship. Contributing to family income makes women more independent and gives them a greater share of economic power and it reduces the pressure on men to be providers. Less tangible benefits may include a more equal relationship between husband and

BENEFITS -the time demands of each role -the success or satisfaction the partners derive from their roles -the extent to which couples hold traditional or non-traditional attitudes about gender roles Working couples may face extra demands on time and energy,

Division of Domestic Work and Effects on a Marriage
The effects of a dual-earner lifestyle on a marriage may depend largely on how husband and wife view their roles. Unequal roles are not necessarily seen as inequitable; it may be a perception of unfairness that contributes most to marital instability. What spouses perceive as fair may depend on the size of the wife’s financial contribution, whether she thinks of herself as a co provider or merely as supplementing her husband income and the meaning and importance she and her husband place on her work. Whatever the actual division of labor, couples who agree on their assignment of it and who enjoy a harmonious, caring, involved family life are more satisfied than those who do not.


Divorce or Dissolution of Marriage is a legal process in which a judge or other
authority dissolves the bonds of matrimony existing between two persons, thus restoring them to the marital

- When the couple’s economic resources are about equal and their financial obligations to each other are relatively small. Instead o0f staying together “for the sake of the children”, many embattled spouses conclude that exposing children to

Adjusting to Divorce

Divorce is not a single event. It is a process-”a sequence of potentially stressful experiences that begin before physical separation and continue after it”. Ending even an unhappy marriage can be painful, especially when there are children. Divorce tends to reduce long-term well-being, especially for the partner who did not initiate the divorce or does not marry. Especially for men, divorce can have negative effects on physical or mental health or both. Women are more likely than men to live poverty after separation or divorce.

Remarriage and Step parenthood

Remarriage, said the essayist Samuel Johnson, “is the triumph of hope over experience.” the high divorce rate is not a sign that people do not want to be married. Instead, it often reflects a desire to be happily married and a belief that divorce is like surgery-painful and traumatic, but necessary for a better life. Step families are formed not only by remarriage but also by cohabitation. The adjustment to living in a stepfamily can be stressful for both adults and children. In combining two family units, each with its own web of customs and

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