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Date of Experiment: 21st September, 2011.
Date of Presentation: 26th September, 2011.
Name of the group: B1(b) Student Information:
Sri Vivek Puneet Singla Amruta Rokade Tarun Gangwar 09002059 09002060 09d02019 09d02022 Report Report PPT Presentation
• Tube coils offer a substantial amount of heat transfer area at a considerably low cost. • Helical coil heat exchanger is compact in size and less expensive. .Motivation and Objectives • Determination of coil side heat transfer coefficient through submerged helical coil in the vessel under steady state conditions. • Coils have lower wall resistance & higher coil side HT coefficient.
Theory • The tubes are coiled into helices in which inlet and outlet are conveniently located side by side.023(ReD)0.87(NρL2/μ)2/3(Cpμ/k)1/3(μ/μw)0. The SiederTate equation is NuD= 0.12 …(2) • The general heat transfer equation is given by 1/U = 1/ho + 1/hi+x/k …(3) • The thermal conductivity of pipe material is very high so the above expression is reduced to: 1/U = 1/ho + 1/hi …(4) .8(Pr)1/3(μ/μw)0. for heat transfer to fluids in vessel with mechanical agitation heated or cooled by submerged coils isknown as Chilton. Drew and Jebens’ correlation: hcd/k = 0.12…(1) • The correlation describing the Nusseltno.
8.To calculate experimentally. for heat transfer to fluids in vessel with mechanical agitation heated or cooled by submerged coils is as follows: Where. Substituting this and the Seider Tate equation in the Overall heat transfer equation. we get: The plot of 1/U vs 1/ v0. we get hi by subtracting the intercept from 1/U and reciprocating.8 gives 1/ ho (k2) as intercept. Then. we use the relationship between hi and v0. The correlation describing the Nusselt no. Dj = inside diameter of the agitated vessel [m] hc = coil side heat transfer coefficient [kcal/hr-m2-0C] L = agitator diameter [m] N = agitator speed [rev/sec] or rev/hr K = thermal conductivity of fluid in the vessel [Kcal/hr-m-OC] μ = viscosity of fluid in the vessel [kg/m-hr] μw = viscosity of fluid in the vessel at coil wall temp. [kg/m-hr] .
Experimental Setup: .
Adjust the flow rate of the water at the desired level by its speed regulator After steady state is attained note down inlet and outlet temperatures of the cooling water. Also measure the flow rate of the cooling water Take three readings of temperatures for each flow rate and keep the agitation speed constant. Throughout the given set of readings keep this temperature at this level.Experimental Procedure: Fill the given agitated vessel with the given test liquid to about 8590 % of its capacity and start the agitator motor Start the heaters in the agitated vessel and set the desired temperature (about 600C) on the thermostat. Start the water motor pump. Perform the same experiment by keeping the flowrate of water constant (at about 400 lph) and varying the rpm of the agitator .
8 and obtain ho from intercept Calculate inner heat transfer coefficient (experimental) Calculate theoretical heat transfer coefficient hth from Seider Tate Equation Plot Re vs hth and Re vs hexp Plot 1/v^.Calculation Procedure Calculate the amount of heat transferred to the cold fluid Q=m*C*∆T Calculate LMTD and area of heat transfer Calculate overall heat transfer coefficient U using U=Q/A*LMTD Calculate velocity v and Reynolds no Re of fluid in the pipe Plot 1/U v/s 1/v^0.8 vs hth For Part 2 calculate Q and U Plot log U ns log N and calculate the error .8 vs hexp and 1/v^.
0030 0.0024 0.0027 0.04 1.92 365.57 1.7 27.30 1.34 36.7 32.32 378.0 29.61 0.69 0.46 0.84 35.8 1/U 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 240 300 360 420 480 520 600 27.36 1197.38 1470.26 35.49 1288.09 2.82 386.31 337.7 27.42 1372.3 34.83 2.50 0.0026 0.55 0.17 391.34 1120.Observation table Sno Flow rate (cold) t1 t2 LMTD Q=mCpdT U v 1/v0.88 36.35 2.5 30.96 0.7 27.8 27.39 1288.4 31.13 36.52 35.61 0.7 27.2 30.60 314.55 424.6 29.36 1330.80 0.0032 .0026 0.56 1.6 31.8 27.0026 0.
0017 0.0026 0.74 181.0030 0.77 Nu 87.77 5.0027 0.0032 1/ho 0.72 10747.0017 0.0017 hi exper 1418.35 1056.0017 0.0017 0.87 1565.0026 0.96 0.52 Re 11817 14772 17726 20681 23635 26589 29544 Pr 5.61 0.83 1503.46 1/U 0.8 0.77 5.77 5.31 2027.04 11691.07 .18 8788.0026 0.80 1285.55 136.37 151.50 0.69 0.19 120.76 7769.77 5.80 0.Observation table 1/v0.48 901.41 hi theor 5616.0017 0.77 5.75 166.77 5.86 104.97 6714.0024 0.55 0.0017 0.86 9779.
1 y = 0. Ln N 6.3 y = 0.8 5.9 5.5015x + 2.5562x + 2.832 Ln U and Ln ho 6 5.7 5.6125 6.Graphs Ln U and Ln ho vs.2 6.4 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Ln N .5 5.4 6.6 lnU ln ho Linear (lnU) Linear (ln ho) 5.
• The value of inner side heat transfer coefficient hi increases with increase in the flow rate of the cold fluid. • The value of inner side heat transfer coefficient hi increases with increase in the number of rotations of the agitator in the hot fluid. Drew’s and Jeben’s corrrealtion is 0.23 J/(m2s oC).8.55 . The slope of the graph of log U vs log N is seen to be 0. whereas the expected value from the Chilton’s. as can be observed from graph of hi vs 1/v^0.8 to be 588.Results and Discussion • The value of h0 is obtained from the graph of 1/U vs 1/v^0.66 with an error of 16 % .
. • The helical coil arrangement’s heat transfer coefficient is better than the corresponding straight coil. • With the increase in agitator speed. the turbulence increases and thus the heat exchange. thus less temperature gain by the cold fluid. the velocity of each differential packet gets less time for heat exchange. due to more turbulence generated inside the tube because of turns of helix geometry.Conclusion • With increase in flow rate.
so inlet temperature is not possible to maintain constant . • The readings are to be taken only in the relay “off” state as there are temperature fluctuations in the relay “on” state.Precautions and Sources of Error • A constant watch must be kept on the rotameter as the flow rate of the cold fluid (water) fluctuates. Loss of liquid to the atmosphere might pose a problem. A closed agitator vessel would be better. • Cooling water inlet was from tap . • The hot fluid chamber is open to air.