An electrical switch is any device used to interrupt or change the flow of electrons in a circuit. The term “switch” typically refers to electrical power or electronic telecommunication circuits. In simplest case, a switch has two pieces of metal called contacts that touch to make a circuit and separate to break the circuit.

Switches are classified according to the arrangement of their contacts in electronics. .  Each set of contacts can be in one of two states: either “closed” meaning the contacts are touching and electricity can flow between them or “open” meaning the contacts are separated and non-conducting.

and ensures that the moving contact never sees an open circuit (shorting circuit). In a multi-throw switch. the new contact is made before the old contact is broken.  In some switch designs. there are two possible behaviors as you move from one position to another.  . This is known as make-before-break.

  . Both types of design are common in use. where the old contact is broken before the new one is made. The alternative is break-before-make. for different applications. This ensures that the two fixed contacts are never shorted to each other.

Most common: Single Pole Single Throw  Single Pole Double Throw  Double Pole Single Throw  Double Pole Double Throw .

    A single pole switch has two terminals Its a simple on-off switch. The single pole switch is the general purpose workhorse of switches. This type can be used to switch the power supply to a circuit. SPST Toggle Switch . A characteristic of a single pole toggle switch is that it has an on and off marking on the switch. Single pole switches turn a light. receptacle or device on and off from a single location.

this is shown by the brackets around ON. This is the standard doorbell switch.Type of Switch Push-to-make = SPST Momentary A push-to-make switch returns to its normally open (off) position when you release the button. Key switch : Its a key operated switch. Push-to-break = SPST Momentary A push-to-break switch returns to its normally closed (on) position when you release the button. Circuit Symbols Example .

SPDT Rocker Switch .   A SPDT switch has three terminals but at a time only two terminals can function in a circuit. It is often called a changeover switch. For example. switching on a separate device in each case. This switch can be on in both positions. a SPDT switch can be used to switch on a red lamp in one position and a green lamp in the other position.

Slide Switch.Types of Switches Toggle Switch. Momentary (ON)-OFF(ON) versions are also available Microswitch : Microswitches are designed to switch fully open or closed in response to small movements. A and B are interchangeable (COM refers to common wire). It has a third switching position in the centre which is off. Circuit Symbols Example .SPDT Centre Off : A special version of the standard SPDT switch.SPDT: A SPDT toggle switch may be used as a simple on-off switch by connecting COM and one of the A or B terminals shown in the diagram. They are available with levers and rollers attached.

DPST Rocker Switch: Circuit Symbol: .  A pair of on-off switches which operate together (shown by the dotted line in the circuit symbol). A DPST switch is often used to switch mains electricity because it can isolate both the live and neutral connections.

. Circuit Symbol:  A DPDT switch can be wired up as a reversing switch for a motor as shown in the diagram. A pair of on-on switches which operate together (shown by the dotted line in the circuit symbol).

Momentary (ON)-OFF-(ON) versions are also available where the switch returns to the central off position when released. This can be very useful for motor control because you have forward.Type of Switch Example DPDT Centre Off. off and reverse positions.Slide Switch A special version of the standard SPDT switch. . It has a third switching position in the centre which is off.

The package is the same size as a standard DIL (Dual In-Line) integrated circuit. the example shown has 8 switches. . setting the code of a remote control.g.  This type of switch is used to set up circuits.  DIP stands for Dual In-line Parallel This is a set of miniature SPST on-off switches. e.

There are many types of DIP switches. Some of the most common are:  Rotary Switch: Rotary DIP switches contain multiple electrical contacts one of which is selected by the rotating switch to align it with a number printed on the package. which are very common. Rocker Switch Slide Switch  . are arrays of simple SPST (Single-pole single throw) contacts. which can be either on or off. Rocker Switch and Slide Switch: The slide and rocker types.

Symbol:  There are two positions in which a device actuated with a push button can be. namely .pressed and released. .

.   Most of these switches have an internal spring mechanism returning the button to its “out”. Some switches will latch alternately on or off with every push of the button. or “unpressed ”position for momentary operation. Other will stay in their “in” or “pressed” position until the button is pulled back out.

 Explained the examples and its working.  .Studied different kinds of switches.  Understood the application of various types of switches.

Presented by: Anushree Gupta (717) Maitrai Hindlekar (718) Anurag Jain (719) Sarvesh Jha (720) .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful