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The deficiency occurs either through the reduced production or an increased loss of red blood cells. vitamin B12 and folic acid. To produce red blood cells. If there is a lack of one or more of these ingredients.    Anemia is a lack of red blood cells. causing unusual tiredness. which can lead to a lack of oxygen-carrying ability. These cells are manufactured in the bone marrow and have a life expectancy of approximately four months. anemia will develop . the body needs (among other things) iron.

Several types of anemia can develop during pregnancy. These include:  Iron-deficiency anemia  Folate-deficiency anemia  Vitamin B12 deficiency .

It carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body.  In iron-deficiency anemia.  Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia in pregnancy.  . This type of anemia occurs when the body doesn't have enough iron to produce adequate amounts of hemoglobin. the blood cannot carry enough oxygen to tissues throughout the body.Iron-deficiency anemia. That's a protein in red blood cells.

 .  Folate deficiency can directly contribute to certain types of birth defects. also called folic acid. Folate. women need extra folate. When that happens. including healthy red blood cells. the body can't make enough normal red blood cells to transport oxygen to tissues throughout the body.  During pregnancy. But sometimes they don't get enough from their diet. The body needs folate to produce new cells.Folate-deficiency anemia.

dairy products. which may contribute to birth defects. and eggs have a greater risk of developing vitamin B12 deficiency. poultry.  Blood loss during and after delivery can also cause anemia  .Vitamin B12 deficiency. her body can't produce enough healthy red blood cells. The body needs vitamin B12 to form healthy red blood cells. When a pregnant woman doesn't get enough vitamin B12 from her diet. Women who don't eat meat.

But the risk is higher in these situations: Pregnant with more than one child Two pregnancies close together Vomiting a lot because of morning sickness Teenager who is pregnant Don't eat enough foods that are rich in iron Heavy periods before you became pregnant . That's because they need more iron and folic acid than usual.      All pregnant women are at risk for becoming anemic.

The most common symptoms of anemia during pregnancy are:  Pale skin. and nails  Feeling tired or weak  Dizziness  Shortness of breath  Rapid heartbeat  Trouble concentrating . lips.

which can only be obtained from the mother.  In order to have enough red blood cells for the fetus. the body starts to produce more red blood cells and plasma. the fetus and placenta need their own supply of iron.Women often become anemic during pregnancy because the demand for iron and other vitamins is increased.  .  The mother must increase her production of red blood cells and. in addition.

    It has been calculated that the blood volume increases approximately 50 per cent during the pregnancy. making the haemoglobin concentration fall. This causes a dilution of the blood. . with the haemoglobin concentration at its lowest between weeks 25 and 30. This is a normal process. The pregnant woman may need additional iron supplementation. although the plasma amount is disproportionately greater. and a blood test called serum ferritin is the best way of monitoring this.

 . and dieters in particular.a diet low in iron. should make sure their diet provides them with enough iron  lack of folic acid in the diet. Vegetarians. a lack of vitamin B12  loss of blood due to bleeding from haemorrhoids (piles) or stomach ulcers  anemia is more common in women who have pregnancies close together and also in women carrying twins or triplets.

. During pregnancy you need to be sure you're getting your correct daily intake of iron to help keep yourself and your baby healthy. This is called iron-deficiency anaemia. Iron is important because we need it to make haemoglobin. Without enough iron in your blood the organs and tissues in your body won't get as much oxygen as they usually do.8 milligrams (mg) of iron per day. and during pregnancy. which helps our red blood cells to store and carry oxygen around our bodies. you need 14. Before you conceive.

 Having a baby who is small for dates or has a low birth weight.If you have severe anemia during pregnancy you have an increased risk of:  Going into labour early. .  Having a baby who is born with low iron levels.  Developing an infection in pregnancy.

severe anemia during pregnancy may be treated with a blood transfusion. This would mean your doctor giving you an injection into a muscle under your skin. In even rarer cases. or via a drip in your arm. Most women who have anaemia in pregnancy find that their iron levels improve considerably after taking iron tablets. . If you have severe anaemia which can't be treated with iron tablets you may need an injection containing iron. But it's unlikely that you will need this type of dose.