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T HE FACTORIES A CT, 1948

I NTRODUCTION

In India the first Factories Act was passed in 1881. This Act was basically designed to protect children and to provide few measures for health and safety of the workers. This law was applicable to only those factories, which employed 100 or more workers.

In 1891 another factories Act was passed which extended to the factories employing 50 or more workers.

The Factories Act, 1948 came into force on

the 1st day of April,1949 and extends to the whole of India.

D EFINITION OF A FACTORY
Factory is defined in Section 2(m) of the Act. It means any premises including the precincts thereofi.

Whereon ten or more workers are working, or were working on any day of the preceding twelve months, and in any part of which a manufacturing process is being carried on with the aid of power, or is ordinarily so carried on; or Whereon twenty or more workers are working, or were working on any day of the preceding twelve months, and in any part of which a manufacturing process is being carried on without the aid of power, or is ordinarily so carried on

ii.

A PPROVAL , R EGISTRATION AND L ICENSING

According to Section 6 A written permission of State Government or chief inspector is to be taken before a site shall be granted or renewed if the notice specified in Section 7 has not been given. If nothing is heard within 3 months from the date of submission of application for permission, it will be presumed that the permission is granted.

INSPECTING STAFF:
The act empowers the state

government to appoint a chief inspector and inspector for purpose of administration of its provisions. Every district magistrate is an inspector for his district.

INSPETORE:

Appoint such persons as posses the prescribed qualification.

Appoint as many addition and joint chief inspector.


No person shall be appoint under sub section. Every district shall be an inspector. Appoint such public officers. More inspector than one the government.

HEALTH:

Cleanliness Sec 11 Disposal of wastes and effluents - Sec 12

Ventilation and temperature Sec 13


dust and fume - Sec 14 Artificial humidification Lighting Sec. 15 Over Crowding Sec 16 Lighting Sec 17 Drinking water Sec 18 Urinals and Toilets - Sec. 19 Spittoons Sec 20

W ELFARE :

Washing facilities Sec 42 Facilities for storing and drying clothing Sec 43

Facilities for sitting Sec 44


First-aid appliances one first aid box not less than one for every 150 workers Sec 45

Canteens when there are 250 or more workers. Sec 46 Shelters, rest rooms and lunch rooms when there are 150 or more

workers. Sec 47

Creches when there are 30 or more women workers. Sec 48 Welfare office when there are 500 or more workers. Sec 49

W ORKING H OURS , S PREAD O VER & O VERTIME OF A DULTS


INTRODUCTION:Many adults rarely experience balance living their lives in the 21st century. More common is the experience of disequilibrium and substantial stress of adults attempt to find balance in their lives. Workers in united work longer hours and take less vacation than do workers in most other countries.

Weekly hours not more than 48 - Sec: 51 Daily hours, not more than 9 hours. - Sec: 54 Intervals for rest at least hour on working for 5 hours. - Sec: 55 Spread over not more than 10 hours. - Sec: 56 Overlapping shifts prohibited. - Sec: 58 Extra wages for overtime double than normal rate of wages Sec:59 Restrictions on employment of women before 6AM and beyond 7 PM. - Sec: 60

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