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Physiology of Joint

Joints (Articulations)
Bagian terlemah dr kerangka Tempat dimana dua/lebih tulang bertemu Functions of joints
Memberikan mobilitas pd rangka Hold the skeleton together

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Physiology of Joints
Ligaments
Mencegah pergerakan yang tidak diinginkan Penyambung antar tulang Jaringan penyambung elastin berwarna kuning

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Ligaments

Posterior Cruciate Ligament

Anterior Cruciate Ligament

Right knee, midsagittal section


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Physiology of Joints
Tendons

Jaringan penyambung fibrosa berwarna putih

penyambung antara otot dan tulang.

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VIEW OF KNEE - 1

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Physiology of Joints
Bursa
Kantong berisi cairan. Mencegah pergeseran tulang dan tendon ketika saling bergesekan

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Bursae
Bursa

Bursa

Bursa

Right knee, midsagittal section


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Physiology of Joints
Articular Cartilage
Tulang rawan diantara tulang

Bantalan tulang saat stress fisik.

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Synovial Joints: General Structure

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Figure 8.3a, b

Physiology of Joints
Intervertebral Discs
Lempeng tulang rawan di antara vertebre

Berfungsi sbg sok breker

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Cartilaginous Joints
Example: Vertebra

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Physiology of Joints
Articular Discs (Menisci)

Tulang rawan yg berada didalam synovial capsule

Improves the fit between articulating bone ends.

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Menisci

Lateral Meniscus

Lateral Meniscus

Right knee, midsagittal section


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GERAKAN SENDI

Movements of synovial diarthrotic joints:


Flexion and Extension

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Movements of synovial diarthrotic joints:


Abduction and Adduction

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Movements of synovial diarthrotic joints:


Rotation and Circumduction

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Movements of synovial diarthrotic joints:


Protraction and Retraction

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Movements of synovial diarthrotic joints:


Elevation and Depression

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Movements of synovial diarthrotic joints:


Inversion and Eversion

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Movements of synovial diarthrotic joints:


Opposition (and Reposition)

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References
http://www.genufix.com/total_knee_replace ment_photos.htm http://www.aclsolutions.com/surgery_1.php Oklahoma City Community College

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