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Kwame nkrumah university of science and technology

Faculty of agriculture

Mechanisation in ghana
Group assignment
Group 3
PRESENTATION ON
MECHANIZATION IN OIL PALM
FLOW CHART
Tractors
Trailers
Fencing
Wheel
Bulldozers After Mowers
Transportati Barrows
Land Tree pullers Land Levellers Ploughs planting and Slashes Harve
Tillage on and Carts
Clearing Chainsaw Dvelopment Graders Harrows Crop Motorised sting
Planting Tranplanter
Tractors Protection Sprayer
s
Rollers

Bunch Fruit Wheel Harvesting


Fruit Bunch Bunch Bunch Transportati
Digester Thresher Sterilizer Wooden Box barrow Chisel
Digestion Threshing Sterilization Reception on Malayan Knife
Trailers

Empty
bunches

Continuous
Hydraulic Clarifier
Oil Continuous
Pulp Pressing
Press
Spindle press
OIL Clarification
Oil filter
Clarifier
Oil Drying
Dryer
Oil storage Tank
Bottles
Tank

Centrifural Kernel
Nut Depericarpe Nut Centrifugal Nut Cracker Kernel Kernel Kernel Oil Spindle Kernel Oil
Separato Silo
Press
Recovery r Drying cracker Cracking Palm Nut Separation drying extraction storage
r
Cracker

Shell
Bulldozer for felling trees
Heavy tractors for felling
trees
Land clearing and levelling
TILLAGE practices
TRANSPORTATION OF
SEEDLINGS
PLANTING OF SEEDLINGS
PLANTING OF SEEDLINGS
SPRAYING
WEED CONTROL
HARVESTING OF BUNCHES WITH
CHISEL
HARVESTING KNIFE
MANUAL COLLECTION OF BUNCHES
MECHANISED COLLECTION OF
BUNCHES
PROCESSING OF OIL PALM
OIL PALM FRUIT STERILIZER

• Used to
sterilise
and stop
enzymatic
spoilage,
coagulate
protein
and
expose
microscop
ic oil cells.
BUNCH THRESHER

• Composed
of a rotating
drum or a
fixed drum
equipped
with rotary
beater bars
which
detach the
fruit from
the bunch
MOTORIZED HORIZONTAL
SCREW PRESS • PRESSES
MASH
TO
RELEASE
OIL
FROM
THE
RUPTUR
ED
CELLULA
MANUAL PRESS
COMBINED DIGESTER AND MOTORISED

• Ruptures oil
bearing cells to
allow oil flow
during
extraction while
separating fibre
from nuts
• Release fluid
palm oil from
ruptured cellular
contents
CLARIFIER TANKS

• For oil
clarificatio
n
PALM OIL PRODUCTS
• CRUDE PALM OIL

• NEUTRALIZED PALM

OIL

• REFINED BLEACHED

AND DEODORIZED

PALM OIL

• PALM OLEIN

• PALM STEARIN
• OIL PALM PRODUCTS
•MARGARINE
•SOAP

•PALM OIL

•PALM KERNEL OIL

•PALM KERNEL CAKE

•FOSSIL FUELS

•PALM WINE
ADVANTAGES OF
MECHANIZATION
• MAKES VERY TEDIOUS FARM ACTIVITIES
TO BE CARRIED OUT EASILY
• IT IS COST EFFECTIVE ON VERY LARGE
PLANTATIONS
• SAVES TIME AND LABOUR
MECHANIZATION DEFECTS
• MECHANIZATION IS VERY EXPENSIVE
• MECHANIZATION CAN DESTROY THE
NATURE OF THE LAND
• MECHANIZATION CANNOT BE USED ON
SMALL SCALE FARMS
• NEEDS TECHNICAL INFORMATION TO BE
ABLE TO CARRY OUT OPERATIONS
• MAINTENANCE OF MECHANIZATION
EQUIPMENT IS VERY EXPENSIVE
REFERENCES
• INTERNET
• MICROSOFT STUDENT ENCARTA 2009
•GROUP MEMBERS
•ADUSEI PEASAH KWADWO

•NTOW OKYERE SAMUEL

•OPPONG FRIMPONG YAW

•KOKRO SAMUEL DWOMOH

•SAMWINI CEPHAS J B

•MELENYA CALEB

•GYASI BERTHA

•BOAKYE AKU MARTHA

•TOKOLI EZEKIEL ADINORTEY


OIL FILTER

• Filters and
purifies
the oil
THANK YOU