Submitted to Mr. Vinay Singh Marwal, H.O.D., Mech. Engg. Submitted By:- Rajul Gupta Roll No:-07ESTME041
Founded in 1999, Arch Pharmalabs has gained
recognition as a world-class provider of full life-cycle API and drug intermediates manufacture for the global pharmaceutical industry.
Arch Pharmalabs received CNBC TV Emerging India
2006 Award as the No.1 Small or Medium Company in the Pharmaceuticals and Chemicals category.
ISO WHO Safety
• ISO -9001:2000
• WHO-GMP Certification
• National Safety Award. 2006
. 2006 • Haryana State Safety Award.
* Leaks from pipe flanges. stuffing boxes of valves/pumps. and joints of all kinds. new seals are created. cost industry great amounts of money.
* As new fluids are invented.
* The problem of sealing gets tougher all the time as hydraulic systems carry an ever-widening variety of fluids at ever-increasing pressures and temperatures.
and the complete breakdown or failure of components such as pumps.
By preventing or minimizing leakage seals used in the system prevent loss of power. valves.
A system can fail completely because of one critical leak.
. etc.Sealing System:
Seals are a vital part of any pressurized/nonpressurized systems because they are installed to prevent fluid leakage. reduced efficiency.
Increasingly strict government and public requirements for product purity and emission controls drives the market toward an ever-increasing demand for mechanically sealed equipment.
The pharmaceutical industry demands creative sealing solutions for its unique products and manufacturing processes.
the rubbing contact is maintained by forces acting in an axial direction. which is flexibly mounted.Mechanical Seal:
As the name suggests. when the rotating seal face rubs against the stationary seal face. It comprises of primary seal in the form of a stationary face against which is rotated another. Mechanical Seal is a sealing device which mechanically controls the escape of a pressurized fluid.
. The flexible face is sealed to the shaft by a flexible member. The axial pushing force can be either hydraulic or mechanical sum of both.
SEALING THE LIQUID
Mechanical seals were originally designed to lend a
greater sealing capability than could be achieved using common packing. pump users relied primarily on “rope” or braided style packing to achieve a “seal” around the shaft. A series of pieces or “rings” were installed into the pump “stuffing box” and they were compressed tightly so that they created a difficult leak path for the liquid to negotiate in order to leak to atmosphere. Before the advent of mechanical seals.
cause poor shaft packing life.SEALING THE LIQUID
Early packing styles did not seal very well . the gland is tightened to reduce leakage. pump shaft wear was a commonly expected occurrence and as the shaft wore it would in turn.If leakage was not permitted to occur.
. As leakage becomes more excessive. the packing would often cause severe damage to the pump shaft. Even with adequate leakage for lubrication.
SEALING THE LIQUID
With the introduction of mechanical seals.
. this leakage could be controlled to a much greater degree.
Let’s look at the same pump with a mechanical seal installed.
APPLICATION OF MECHANICAL SEALS
The next slide shows a photograph of a typical “End Suction Centrifugal Pump”. additional liquid is added to the case so that a flow develops. centrifugal force expels the liquid out through an orifice. That is basically how a centrifugal pump works. suspended on bearings with an impeller attached to one end.CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS
A centrifugal pump is simply a shaft. As the expelled liquid exits the case. As the shaft is rotated. The impeller is encased in a housing that is filled with a liquid. where it is typically piped into a process or another collection point.
A LIQUID IS SUPPLIED TO THE PUMP “SUCTION” CENTRIFUGAL FORCE EXPELS THE LIQUID OUT FROM THE IMPELLER
AS THE PUMP SHAFT ROTATES
Some form of seal must be applied to keep liquid from leaking around the shaft at the point where it enters the case to drive the impeller. Take a look at the same pump again. This liquid under pressure will seek areas of lower pressure. Can you see the mechanical seal behind the impeller?
The force of the expelled liquid creates pressure. This is where our mechanical seal comes into play.
TYPES OF MECHANICAL SEALS
There are obviously many different types and configurations of mechanical seals: Shaft mounted and cartridge Balanced and unbalanced Pusher and non-pusher Single and multiple