Transducers

Gordon Shering

1

April 13

By Gordon Shering

Using transducers on control systems.Introduction     What is a transducer. 2 April 13 By Gordon Shering . Examples of commercial transducers. Different types of transducers.

What is a Transducer?  A device for turning one form of energy into another form of energy. Input Transducer Output 3 April 13 By Gordon Shering .

What is a Transducer? Input Transducer Output    The input can be length. tempature etc. The analoge siganal may be converted into a digital signal with an ADC for computer systems April 13 By Gordon Shering 4 . light. The output can be anything but most typically an electrical (analogue) signal. pressure. force.

Transducers Input Transducer Output    The input can be length. pressure. The analoge siganal may be converted into a digital signal with an ADC for computer systems April 13 By Gordon Shering 5 . tempature etc. force. light. The output can be anything but most typically an electrical (analogue) signal.

Electrical contacts age and can become unreliable.Position Transducers   6 A Potentiometer may be used to measure position or movement. April 13 By Gordon Shering .

Liquid Level Transducers   A Potentiometer used with a float to measure liquid level. Is this used in a car to measure petrol?. April 13 By Gordon Shering 7 .

Pressure Transducers  A Potentiometer used with bellows or a diaphragm to measure presure. April 13 By Gordon Shering 8 .

Pressure Transducers  Other ways to measure pressure. 9 April 13 By Gordon Shering .

Position Transducers (Magnetic)  Using magnetic coupling has the advantage that there are no rubbing contacts. April 13 By Gordon Shering 10 .

11 April 13 By Gordon Shering .Position Transducers (Capacitive)  Using capacitive coupling can also be used and also has the advantage that there are no rubbing contacts.

In this case rotational position is being measured. April 13 By Gordon Shering 12 .Position Transducers (Optical)  Optics can be used to give a digital output directly.

Position Transducers (Optical)   What is the name for the cyclic code on the right.? Why is the wheel on the write normally used instead of the wheel on the left.? April 13 By Gordon Shering 13 .

Force Transducers (Strain gauge)   A strain gauge can be used to measure force. April 13 By Gordon Shering 14 . This could be used as a weighing machine.

Force Transducers (Strain gauge)  Real commercial strain gages are designed to give maximum sensitivity. April 13 By Gordon Shering 15 .

April 13 By Gordon Shering 16 .Temperature Transducers  A thermo couple uses two different metals that generate a voltage when they are heated.