• It is the systematic study and critical examination of existing and proposed ways of doing work as a means of developing and applying easier and effective methods and reducing costs.

OBJECTIVES • • • • • • • • Improvement of processes and production flow Improvement in plant and equipments design Improvement in plant layout Improvement in the use of men. materials and machine Efficient material handling Improvement in safety standards Development of better physical working standards Method standardization .

PROCEDURE FOR METHOD STUDY 1.most practical .facts in ordered sequence using required techniques 4.relevant facts by direct observation 3. Record.economic and effective method 5. Install: methods as standard practice 7. Exam. Selection of job 2. Maintain: methods by regular routine checks . Define: new method for identification 6. Develop.

.1.SELECTION OF JOB Factors involved: • Economic considerations.requirement of a participative management. investigation cost. operations involving repetitive work • Technical considerationstechnical knowledge for the study • Human reactions. operators reactions and involvement to the study. Preliminary choices: Bottlenecks.

RECORD • Systematic recording of all the facts of the existing method are carried out to eliminate every unnecessary operation and to develop the best method omitting the repetitive elements and selecting more appropriate method. Tools for recording facts: .2.

SL. Charts.Used to •Multiple activity chart record events on a • Simo chart time scale 3. Equipment type •Two handed process chart 2. DiagramsIndicating movements •Flow diagram •String diagram •Cyclegraph •Chronocycle graph • Travel chart .Used to record a process sequence CHART NAMES •Outline process chart •Flow process chart-Man Type. Material type. 1.NO. TOOLS Charts.

PROCESS CHART SYMBOLS • Indicates main steps in a process• Indicates an inspection for quality or quantity check• Indicates movement of workers. materials or transport• Indicates temporary storage or delay• Indicates permanent and controlled storage- .

. • It gives a brief knowledge of the nature each operation or inspection made.OUTLINE PROCESS CHART • It is a process chart giving an overall picture by recording in sequence only the main operations and inspections.

• Material type flow chart records how the material is handled. . • Man type flow chart records what the worker does or job study.FLOW PROCESS CHART • Flow charts is a process chart which shows the frequency of the flow of a product or procedure by recording all the events.

when complete cycle of the work is to be recorded. . • It is generally used for repetitive operations. elements of the job and their relation to each other.TWO HANDED PROCESS CHART • It is a process chart in which the activities of a worker’s hand are recorded in their relationship to one another. • It enables to know about the details of the job.

equipment). • In this chart a common time scale is used to show their interrelationship. . material.MULTIPLE ACTIVITY CHART • It is a recording tool for situations where the work involves interactions of different subjects(worker. • It is extremely useful in work involving repetitive actions by rearranging the activities to eliminate ineffective time.

• It is used to record the therbligs performed by different parts of the body on a time scale. lower and upper arms. • Simo charts often mention the fingers used. wrist.SIMO CHART • It is used for operations of short durations which can be recorded. elbow. .

• FLOW DIAGRAM: This diagram shows movement of the material within the same floor or on different floors also in sequence. . material or equipment during a specified sequence of events.• STRING DIAGRAM: It is a model in which a thread is used to trace and measure the path of workers.

the pointed ends indicates the direction of movement. .• CYCLEGRAPH: It is a record of a path of movement continuously traced by source of light. • CHRONOCYCLEGRAPH: It is a special form of cyclegraph in which the light source is suitably interrupted so that the path appears as a series of dots.

. material or equipment between any number of places over any given period of time.TRAVEL CHART • It is a tabular record for presenting quantitative data about movement of workers. • For complex movement patterns travel chart is a quicker and more manageable recording technique.

rearranging or simplifying those activities. combing. • Secondary questions: Answers of primary questions are subjected to further query to determine alternatives for the above conditions. . each activity being subjected to a systematic and progressive series of questions. Means by which with a view to eliminating.3. Primary questions: • Purpose for which • Place at which the activities • Sequence in which are undertaken • Person. EXAMINE • The questioning techniques is the mean by which the critical examination is conducted.

Place  Where is it done?  Why is it done there?  Where else might it be done?  Where should it be done? C.  They are the basis of successful method study. Action categories are subdivided into i) MAKE READY activities (ii) Do operations iii) PUT AWAY activities Each activity is subjected to a series of questions:  When is it done? A. Person   Who does it? Why does that person do it?  Who else might do it?  Who should do it? E. Means    How is it done? Why is it done that way? How else might it be done?  How should it be done?  These questions in the above sequence must be asked every time a method study is undertaken.A method has action activities and idle (inventory) activities. B. Purpose    What is done? Why is it done? What else might be done?  What should be done?  Why is done then?  When it might be done?  When should it be done? D. Sequence .

4. transports. DEVELOP • The new method is developed by considerable reductions in non-productive activities i. unnecessary cleaning.e. This is done by following methods: • Improving the layout • Eliminating or reducing handling • Improving efficiency of handling • Use of correct equipment for handling materialsconveyers. containers. fork lift. • Standardizing the method .

• DEFINE: The new method or process suggested has to be put down standard process sheets that are issued to the shop or department. .• EVALUATE: Alternatives are to be evaluated at this stage to find their contribution to the efficiency of the process as well as effectiveness.

.• INSTALL: Industrial engineers of methods study persons have to train the operators and their supervisors in the new method and participate in installing the method.

. they have to be made part of standard operating procedure (SOP). supervisors are to be informed of the same to bring the method back to SOP.MAINTAIN • Industrial engineers have to conduct a periodic review of methods to observe modifications brought into the installed methods by operators and supervisors • If they are beneficial. • If they are not beneficial.

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