SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

Reported by: Dacanay, Melody J.

INTRODUCTION

SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
means

the attaining of maturity in social relationships the process of learning to conform to group standards, mores, and traditions, and becoming imbued with a sense of oneness, intercommunications, and cooperation

is

Differences

between Social and Gregarious Individual

Social

Individual

-is the one who not only wants to be with others but who wants to do things with them.

Gregarious

Individual -is one who craves the presence of others, is lonely when away from them, but whose desire for companionship is satisfied when he is in the presence of those of his own kind, redardless of contacts of any sort.

Opportunities for Social Contacts 1. No child is born in the sense that he can get along well with others .

2. The child should be given ample opportunities to be with others and the sooner these opportunities are given better.

Influence of the Social Group 1. The child’s familyis the most influential socializing agency in his life. When he goes to school, his teachers and his peers begin to exert an influence over his socialization. Peer influence is usually greater than teacher influence.

3 Types of Social groups C.Primary Group- which has the strongest bonds of intergroups relationships, such as the family group or the child’s peer group.

D.Secondary Group- which is characterized by more casual relationships, as social clubs, religious bodies, and play groups oprganized for a specific play activity.

C.Tertiary Group- which is marginal and transient in character, as groups of people the child comes in contact with on buses, trains, or in the movies.

Pattern of Development - Social development follows a pattern. Studies of groups of children have revealed that there are age levels in social development

Importance of early social contacts

A. Family- as the first social group for the children. When the child is accepted at home, the feeling of belonging will carry to other groups. The child learns to appreciate and understand people of all kinds.

B. The type of child-rearing method used by the parents will influence the child’s social behavior and attitudes. There are three types of child rearing methods used by the parents.

1. Democratic- The child shows behavior of an active, socially outgoing type, both hostile and dominating as well as friendly.

2. Indulgent- The children show physical apprehension and lack of skill in muscular activities. They are nonaggressive, experience many frustrations, and have a tendency to be resentful. This makes them inactive and withdrawn in their social relationships.

3. Authoritarian- Here, the child is quiet, non-resistant, wellbehaved, and unaggressive. This method limits freedom to grow creatively because the curiosity, fancifulness, originality of the child is restricted by the parents.

C. Behavior and Attitudes- The social behavior and attitudes of a child, even as he grows older and comes in contact with more people outside the home, are reflections of patterns prevalent in the child’s home.

D. Consistency of behavior and Attitudes It is very important that good foundations be laid during the early years of life for the child because the child’s social behavior is consistent as he grows older.

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