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Globalization and its impacts

• Roman mythology, Janus is the god of gates, doors • Most often he is depicted as having two heads, facing opposite directions

• A fashionable strand of scepticism argues that governments have surrendered their power to capitalism • That the world's biggest companies are nowadays more powerful than many of the world's governments .

• CocaColinisation or McDonaldisation • “Bangalored” .

BP 7. ExxonMobil 5.toyota 4.AT&T 8.banco santander 9.shell 3. Wal-Mart Stores 10.chevron .Top 10 companies in the world • • • • • • • • • 1: General Electric 2.

Shell SHELL .

Shell • Shell put up a plant in Nigeria • It occupied the agricultural lands • People were uprooted • Nigeria people could get employment there. .

.• Vedanta's Alumina Refinery in Lanjigarh was critiqued by the Orissa State Pollution Control Board for air pollution and water pollution in the area • Local people reported dust from the plant settling on clothes. crops and food.

• Vedanta has been criticized by human rights and activist groups. including Survival International and Amnesty International • Operations in Niyamgiri Hills in Orissa • It threatens the lives of the Dongria Kondh that populate this region .

• Water pollution by the plant including increasing the pH value of the river Vamshadhara • The Vedanta Company has consistently violated the Forest Conservation Act .• . saying it may be related to the increased use of fertiliser by farmers. the Environment Protection Act . They have rejected charges of environmental damage. the Forest Rights Act .

324 crore • Company tried to ship out copper waste for separating gold and silver whereas the waste also contained other precious metals like platinum and palladium . . a subsidiary of Vedanta Group • It was slapped a tax notice of about Rs.Sterlite • Sterlite Industries.

" .Sweatshops Foreign businesses utilizing workers in a country to take advantage of the lower wage rates Nike "electronic sweatshops.

Brain drain • Opportunities in rich countries drives talent away from poor countries. leading to brain drains • Indian students going abroad for their higher studies costs India a foreign exchange outflow of $10 billion annually .

Death of cattle • 3.Research on Bt cotton in three districts of Andhra Pradesh • 1. Increasing soil toxicity • 2. Cotton pickers reported skin allergies and breathing problems after working in Bt fields .

• India’s waste imports are booming in the shadow of lax controls and feeble security • Nobody really knows where the material came from or its exact contents. uncontrolled . • Data show that India imports all kinds of waste from almost everywhere around the world Scrap pours in unchecked.

ammunition and radioactive substances in containerized cargo imported into India . near Mumbai.Scrap pours in unchecked • Tracking or monitoring what enters through ports is equally nebulous. have scanners capable of detecting arms. Exception of Jawaharlal Nehru (JN) port. resources and pressure to clear consignments. mainly due to lack of hardware.

000 people will die due to aircraft pollutants this year • 3.Aircraft pollutants • the journal Environmental Science and Technology (EST) in the first week of October 2010.500 of them would be from India and China . almost 8.

Mumbai Chennai.• Air quality is worst in big cities like Kolkata. • Bangalore holds the title of being the asthma capital of the country . India’s auto production has doubled from 7 mn to 14 mn. Delhi. etc. • According to the Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers.

NASA research findings • The skies over North India are seasonally filled with a thick soup of aerosol particles all along the southern edge of the Himalayas. Bangladesh and the Bay of Bengal .

000-10.000 died within 72 hours . poor maintenance and inferior quality of fuel have aggravated the problem of air pollution • Bhopal gas tragedy was the greatest industrial disaster in the world that took place at a Union Carbide pesticide plant • Others estimate 8.• Increase in the number of motor vehicles with inferior technology.

Tower problems • November 16.50. Minister of State for Communications and IT Sachin Pilot said.000 cell towers across the country . 2010 by the telecom engineering resource monitoring (TERM) cells. There are 3.

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• Protocol will reduce that increase between 0.28 °C by 2050. • Countries that ratify commit to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. the Kyoto Protocol is an agreement under the U. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). .Kyoto Protocol • Signed on March 15.02 °C and 0.N. 1999.

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ccs.neu.com/htdocs/nuclear_dis asters_europe • http://www.com .edu/home/gene/peakoil/ nonopecfsu • Wikipedia.cbsnews.Reference • http://www.