LGA 3107-STORIES FOR YOUNG LEARNERS

STORIES IN THE ESL CLASSROOM WEEK 6 ( 22 – 26 JULY 2012 )

STORIES IN THE ESL CLASSROOM

TECHNIQUES AND STRATEGIES IN EXPLORING

• AESTHETIC VALUES • LINGUISTIC FEATURES

AESTHETIC VALUES
 Aesthetic

 Def : aes·thet·ic

/ɛsˈθɛtɪk or, especially Brit., is-/ Show Spelled[es-thet-ik or, especially Brit., ees-] Show IPA  adjective 1. pertaining to a sense of the beautiful or to the science of aesthetics.  2. having a sense of the beautiful; characterized by a love of beauty.  3. pertaining to, involving, or concerned with pure emotion and sensation as opposed to pure intellectuality

Linguistics Features The scientific study of language or of particular languages .

Techniques & Strategies : • Using Questioning In Techniques Teaching • Text Part Aesthetic • Associations Values / • Hypothesizing Literature • Performance .

Using Questioning Techniques Comparison Comparison What are the differences between the history of Canada Day and the history of Bastille Day? How are Lennie and Candy's dog similar in Of Mice and Men? .

Using Questioning Techniques Induction Based on Romeo's infatuation with Rosaline. his obsession with Juliet. what can we conclude will happen in Soledad? . and his preoccupation with death. what can we conclude? Based on Lennie's past.

Using Questioning Techniques Deduction Based on the rules of the ranch. what do you conclude will happen to Lennie and George? Based on the rules of tragedy. what do you think will happen at the end of this play? What must happen for the conspirators plot to work? .

Using Questioning Techniques Classification What qualities do the ranch workers all share in Of Mice and Men? In what ways does Juliet go against the expected role of daughters? Is Julius Caesar a work of tragedy or history? .

Using Questioning Techniques Error Analysis What errors in judgment does Friar Lawrence make while counseling Romeo and Juliet? Why does the town of Sighet fail to realize they need to escape in Night? .

Using Questioning Techniques Abstraction What pattern does Romeo demonstrate with his decision making? Is there anyone else we've read about that demonstrates the same pattern? How can you avoid demonstrating this pattern in your life? .

Using Questioning Techniques Analyzing Perspectives Why would Juliet's father react so angrily to Juliet's denial of Paris? How might Capulet react if he discovers Juliet's marriage to Romeo? .

. etc. lawyers.) . Spend an entire class period discussing questioning techniques and providing typical answers (feel free to discuss professions where questioning is essential: doctors. teachers.Using Questioning Techniques How to Teach Literature by Teaching Questioning Techniques ? Write the above information on the board and have students copy it in their notebooks. financial planners.

Discuss questions as a class. Read a literary selection of your choice and have them complete the following assignment (the above examples should give you an idea of what to look for) .Using Questioning Techniques Arrange students in groups and have them come up with one question for each type.

Text Part Textual – related to texts Textual Analysis – An analysis based on texts .

Associations Relating to the same ideas or things. .

Hypothesizing To suggest a way of explaining something when you do not definitely know about it. .

concert or some other form of entertainment.Performance The act of performing a play. .

Techniques & Strategies : • Explanations In • Print and Teaching Language Linguistics • Content Analysis .

Explanation A Clarification .

Print and Language Differences and Similarities .

.Content Analysis Analyzing content and relate to one’s life.

Literature The Cultural Model The Language Model The Personal Growth Model .

This model is largely rejected by those in TEFL since not only does it tend to be teachercentred but there is little opportunity for extended language work . Such a model requires learners to explore and interpret the social. political.The Cultural Model  This model represents the traditional approach to teaching literature. literary and historical context of a specific text. By using such a model to teach literature we not only reveal the universality of such thoughts and ideas but encourage learners to understand different cultures and ideologies in relation to their own.

literal and figurative language. prediction exercises.cloze procedure.g.which all form part of the repertoire of EFL activities used by teachers to deconstruct . Such an approach enables learners to access a text in a systematic and methodical way in order to exemplify specific linguistic features e. summary writing. jumbled sentences.The Language Model  The most common approach to literature in the EFL classroom is what Carter and Long (1991) refer to as the ‘language-based approach’. direct and indirect speech. creative writing and role play . This approach lends itself well to the repertoire of strategies used in language teaching .

Another aspect of this model is that it helps learners develop knowledge of ideas and language – content and formal schemata – through different themes and topics.The Personal Growth Model  This model attempts to bridge the cultural model and the language model by focusing on the particular use of language in a text. feelings and opinions and make connections between their own personal and cultural experiences and those expressed in the text. as well as placing it in a specific cultural context. Learners are encouraged to express their opinions. .

Discuss How stories / Literature can be used to teach Language and Literature ? .

Why is the book suitable ? What are the benefits of such activities ? .Group Task Identify a story book you could use to develop a drama performance.

create three language focused activities for worksheets .Group Task Using the same book.

The End .

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