You are on page 1of 10

# Feed Calculations

Leigh Jason

## Nutrient/Energy Content of a Feed

Nutrient content is expressed as a percentage (mg/kg, g/kg, etc)
Example: a feed contains 10% crude protein, or there are 100g of protein in every kg

## Energy content (digestible energy, DE) is expressed as unit of energy per kg

Calorie (cal): amount of heat required to raise temperature of 1g of water from 14.5 to 15.5C Kilocalorie (kcal): 1000 cal Megacalorie (Mcal): 1000 kcal (use for large animals)

Water Content
As-fed basis
Amount contained in the feed as it would be fed to the animal, including water

## Dry matter (DM) basis

Amount contained in only the dry matter fraction, without water

Conversion
% Nutrient As Fed % Nutrient DM % Feed DM 100% DM
Example: a feed is 9% CP on an as-fed basis, and contains 60% DM. What is the % CP on a DM basis?

9 x 60 100

x 15%

Example: a feed is 9% CP on a DM basis, and contains 60% DM. What is the % CP on an as-fed basis?

x 9 60 100

x 5.4%

Conversion
Feed DE As Fed Feed DE DM % Feed DM 100% DM
Example: a feed has 1.5 Mcal DE on an as-fed basis, and contains 80% DM. What is the feed DE on a DM basis?

1.5 x 80 100

x 1.9 Mcal

Example: a feed 1.5 Mcal DE on a DM basis, and contains 80% DM. What is the feed DE on an as-fed basis?

x 1.5 80 100

x 1.2 Mcal

Conversion
kg As Fed x % DM kg DM
kg DM kg As Fed % DM
Example: what is the DM weight of 10 kg as-fed of a feed that is 40% DM?

10 kg As Fed x 0.4 4 kg DM
Example: what is the as-fed weight of 10 kg DM of a feed that is 40% DM? 10 kg DM 25 kg As Fed 0.4

Rules of Thumb
Converting as-fed to DM
Nutrient concentration will increase Weight will decrease

Converting DM to as-fed
Nutrient concentration will decrease Weight will increase

## Dry Matter Content

If it is not specified, then assume the following DM values: Hay
90% DM

Straw/Stover
90% DM

Concentrate
90% DM

Silage
1/3 DM (~35% DM)

Fresh forage
25% DM

Feed Calculation
Which ration provides the greatest DE?
3 kg alfalfa hay, as-fed 9 kg alfalfa silage, asfed 2 kg oats, as-fed
Feed Alfalfa hay Alfalfa silage Oats DE (Mcal/kg) on DM basis 1.5 0.75 2.0

Feed Calculation