isolation. management bullying. harassment and lack of opportunities or motivation to advancement in one’s skill level. extensive hours worked. A variety of factors contribute to workplace stress such as negative workload. toxic work environments. physical or emotional strain. difficult relationships among co-workers and management. lack of autonomy. and can be a mental. Occupational stress known as work stress or job-related stress Occupational stress can occur when there is a discrepancy between the demands of the environment/workplace and an individual’s ability to carry out and complete these demands.Occupational Stress Stress is defined in terms of its physical and physiological effects on a person. .

 Occupational stress is an extremely difficult construct to define. It is stress on the job. There are a total of 5 categories associated with occupational stress:  Factors unique to the job  Role in the organization  Career development  Interpersonal work relationships  Organizational Structure/climate . but stress on the job occurs in a person.

back) Tension headaches Upset stomach Restlessness Difficulty in falling asleep or waking up Dry mouth and throat . Tendency to make mistakes. poor judgment. Reduced creativity Loss of interest Increased smoking Increased absenteeism and illness Increased use of alcohol and or drugs Inability to concentrate on tasks PHYSICAL INDICATORS Elevated blood pressure Increased muscle tension ( neck. shoulder. Forgetfulness and blocking.BEHAVIOUR Decreased productivity and quality of job performance.

Task management tips for reducing job stress: Break projects into small steps. Delegate responsibility ..  Time management tips for reducing job stress:  Task management tips for reducing job stress: Time management tips for reducing job stress: Create a balanced schedule Try to leave earlier in the morning Plan regular breaks Don’t over-commit yourself.REDUCE JOB STRESS  Get moving: Regular exercise is a powerful stress reliever  Make food choices that keep you going: Healthy eating can help you get through stressful . Prioritize tasks.  Get enough sleep work days: improve the quality of your sleep by keeping a sleep schedule and aiming for 8 hours a night.

 Clearly define employees’ roles and responsibilities. avoid unrealistic deadlines. especially in times of high stress. . by following the tips outlined in this article.How Managers Or Employers Can Reduce Job Stress Managers can act as positive role models. not mean-spirited or petty.  Consult employees about scheduling and work rules.  Consult your employees:  Give workers opportunities to participate in decisions that affect their jobs.  Improve communication:  Share information with employees to reduce uncertainty about their jobs and futures.  Make communication friendly and efficient.  Be sure the workload is suitable to employees’ abilities and resources.

 Cultivate a friendly social climate:  Provide opportunities for social interaction among employees.  Make management actions consistent with organizational values. through schemes such as Employee of the Month. both verbally and officially.  Establish a zero-tolerance policy for harassment.  .Offer rewards and incentives.  Show that individual workers are valued.  Provide opportunities for career development.  Praise good work performance.

When you or those around you start taking things too seriously. try to take a quick break and move away from the stressful situation. humor is a great way to diffuse stress in the workplace.  Talk it over with someone: In some situations. simply sharing your thoughts and feelings with someone you trust can help reduce stress.  Look for humor in the situation: When used appropriately. find a way to lighten the mood by sharing a joke or funny story.  Connect with others at work: Developing friendships with some of your coworkers can help buffer you from the negative effects of stress. Ways to Dispel Stress . Take time away: When stress is mounting at work.

htm • http://en.helpguide.org/wiki/Occupational_stress .WIBLIOGRAPHY • http://www.wikipedia.org/mental/work_stress_management.

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