THE FUTURE TENSE

FUTURE SIMPLE
FUTURE CONTINUOUS
FUTURE PERFECT
FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS

FUTURE SIMPLE
Formula
Subject + (will, shall)+ Base Form of Verb +Object
For Example
She will cook meal.
Negative
Subject + will not + BFV + Object
For Example
He will not go to Market.
Interrogative
Will + Subject + BFV + Object ?
For Example
Will they watch TV ?

FUTURE SIMPLE
The simple future is used to talk about the
things which we cannot control. It expresses
the future as fact.
For Example:
3. We will know our exam results in May.
 We use this tense to talk about what we think
or believe will happen in the future.
For Example:
6. I think Pakistan will win the match.
7. I am sure he will get a first position.

FUTURE SIMPLE
As in the above sentences, we often use this
tense with I think and I am sure. We also say I
expect____, I believe_____, Probably_____,
etc.
 We can use this tense when we decide to do
something at the time of speaking.
For Example:
4. It is raining. I will take an umbrella.
5. ‘Mr. Sinha is very busy at the moment.’— ‘All
right. I'll wait’.

FUTURE INTENTIONS
Formula
Subject + (am, is, are)+ GOING TO + BFV + Object
For Example
My mother is going to cook food.
Negative
Subject + (is, am , are) + NOT + GOING TO + BFV + O
For Example
He is not going to play cricket.
Interrogative
(Is, am , are) + Subject + Going to + BVF + O ?
For Example
Is he going to become a cricketer ?

FUTURE INTENTIONS
We use the going to form when we have decided to do
something before talking about it.
For Example:
3. “Have you decided what to do ?”— “Yes. I am going to
resign the job”.
4. “Why do you want to sell your motorbike?” – “I am going
to buy a car.”
 We also use the going to form to talk about what seems
likely or certain, when there is something in the present
which tells us about the future.
For Example:
7. The boat is full of water. It is going to sink.

FUTURE INTENTIONS
The going to form may also express an
action which is on the point of
happening.
For Example:
3. Let’s get into train. It’s going to leave.
4. Look! The cracker is going to explode.

FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE
Formula
Subject + (will be, shall be)+ Base Form of Verb (ing) +Object
For Example
I will be leaving for Lahore on Monday.
Negative
Subject + (will/shall not be) + Base Form of Verb (ing) + Object.
For Example
She will not be joining us in English Language classes next month.
Interrogative
Will + Subject + be + BFV (ing) + Object ?
For Example
Will they be watching cricket match in stadium ?

FUTURE CONTINUOUS
We use the Future Continuous Tense to talk about
actions which will be in progress at a time in the future.
For Example:
3. I suppose it will be raining when we start.
4. This time tomorrow I will be sitting on the beach in
Singapore.
 We also use this tense to talk about actions in the future
which are already planned or which are expected to
happen in the normal course of things.
For Example:
7. I will be staying here till Sunday.
8. The post man will be coming soon.

FUTURE PERFECT
Formula
Subject + (will have, shall have) + Past Participle + O
For Example
My team will have played the match.
Negative
Subject + (will/shall not have)+ Past Participle + O
For Example
He will not have gone there.
Interrogative
(Will/Shall) +Subject + Have + Past Participle + O ?
For Example
Will they have come earlier ?

FUTURE PERFECT
The Future Perfect Tense is used to talk
about actions that will be completed by a
certain future time.
For Example:
3. I shall have written my exercise by then.
4. He will have left before you go to see
him.
5. By the end of this month I will have
worked here for five years.

FUTURE PERFECT
CONTINUOUS
Formula
Subject + (will/shall have been ) + BFV (ing) + Since/For +
O
For Example
My team will have been playing the match for six hours.
Negative
Subject + (will/shall not have been)+ BFV (ing) + Since/For
+O
For Example
He will not have been living for several years in UK.
Interrogative
(Will/Shall) +Subject + Have Been + BFV (ing) + Since/For
+O?
For Example
Will they have been singing a song for five minutes ?

FUTURE PERFECT
CONTINUOUS
The Future Perfect Continuous tense is
used for actions which will be in progress
over a period of time that will end in the
future.
For Example:
3. By next March we shall have been living
here for four years.
4. I’ll have been teaching for twenty years
next July.