TENSES

• PRESENT TENSE

• PAST TENSE

• FUTURE TENSE

PRESENT TENSE
• PRESENT SIMPLE • PRESENT CONTINUOUS • PRESENT PERFECT • PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS

PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE
Formula Subject + Base Form of Verb + Object For Example Students study in the university He plays cricket in the ground Note S or Es is always added in the verb when we have singular subject. e.g. He, She, It

PRESENT SIMPLE
The simple present tense is used: 2. To express a habitual action He drinks tea every morning 2. To express general truths The sun rises in the east 3. To talk about things that stay the same for a long time She works in television

PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE
Formula Subject + (am, is, are) + BFV (ing) + Object For Example I am working at the moment. They are going to play football. Note “Is” is used for singular subject and “Are” is used for the plural subject.

PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE
The Present continuous tense is used: 2. To talk about an action that is happening now. They are working on computer now 4. To talk about something that is happening during this period of time but not exactly at the time of speaking. I am learning English language at evening classes these days.

PRESENT PERFECT
Formula Subject + (Has, Have) + Past Participle + O For Example He has spoken in German They have eaten their meal. Note Third form of verb is used in this tense. “Has” is used for singular subject and “Have” is used for plural subject.

PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
Present perfect is used: 2. To indicate completed activities in the immediate past. He has just gone out 2. To share the experience. I have driven the Limousine

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
Formula Subject + (has been, have been) + BFV (ing)+ Since/For + Object For Example They have been building the bridge for several months. Note Since is used for specific time e.g. Morning, Tuesday, July, 2001. For is used for period of time e.g. 6 days, 2 months, 5 years.

PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS
1. The present perfect continuous is used for an action which began at some time in the past and is still continuing; as, • • He has been sleeping for five hours. Children have been playing since 4 o’clock

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