“Pursuing Innovations in Development and Environment”

Ecological Sanitation in the Philippines
(ISSUE Programme 2004-2006)

Dan Lapid
Center for Advanced Philippine Studies

ISSUE Programme 2003-2006

•December 2003 – Mayor Ortega expressed interest in Ecosan •March 2004 – Orientation Seminar in CSF •August 2004 – Consortium signed MOU

October 2004 – 1-wk City Level Planning Workshop

Barangay Level Orientation and Workshop

Barangay Level Sanitation Assessment

Household Level Orientation

March 2005 Formal Launching of Ecosan in the Barangay led by the City Mayor

First 20 Bowls were made of Fiber Glass

Urine Diverting Dry Toilet (UDDT)


Urine Diversion toilet w/ wash bowl
UD toilet bowl Wash bowl


Urine Diversion toilet w/ wash drain

Primary storage

San Fernando, LU, Philippines

DMMMSU Ecosan Toilet

Fishermen’s Village San Fernando City

Ecosan with Bonsai Garden

Simple grey water management San Fernando, LU

Month 6 Month 1

Direct use – urban agriculture

San Fernando, LU, Philippines

Direct use – urban agriculture

San Fernando, LU, Philippines

January 2007 Assessment
• Main Targets
– – – – Capacity building 200 ecosan in two bar One school ecosan One in Botanical Garden – Ecosan training for City staff

• Achievements
– – – – Numerous workshops 145 constructed 3 Ecosan in schools One constructed in Botanical Garden – 2 int’l trainings
– 1 local training

January 2007 Assessment
• Main Targets
– Logistics system in CSF – Sanitation Plan – Promote to other environmental sectors – Clean Water Act

• Achievements
– Collection and storage – San Plan approved by City Council – PEN and PACE – Ecosan included in IRR

Philippine Ecosan Network
• CAPS • DOH (Dept. of Health) • DILG (Dept of Interior and Local Government) -GTZ • PCWS/STREAMS • WB-WSP • USAID PSA • BNS-BORDA • ADB

Philippine Ecosan Network
• Formed October 2005 • Activities:
– Integrate Ecosan in Clear Water Act (2005) – First Sanitation Summit (July 2006) – Regional Summits (2007) – IYS 2008 Launchings – Second Sanitation Summit (July 2008) – Legislative Reform-Ecosan Act (2007)

Ecosan as defined in the Clean Water Act… “..as an approach with the objective of closing the nutrient loop between sanitation & agriculture”
(Article 2. Definition of Terms)

As defined in the CWA
Ecosan incorporates ecological principles: 3.Conscious conservation of resources 4.Recycling and reuse 5.Minimization of energy and water use 6.Pollution prevention 7.Rendering recyclables (human excreta and greywater) safe for reuse

CWA Section 7, Item 7.2
• Exemption from wastewater charges and liabilities.
– LGUs undertaking or about to undertake Ecosan technologies... shall be exempted from wastewater charges or other liabilities for seven years from effectivity of the Act…

Ecosan Bill
• House Bill No. 3279 is an Act mandating the adoption and implementation of ecological sanitation as a method of sustainable urban development program and institutionalizing the integrated support and facilities towards sustainable urban environment development, appropriating funds therefor and for other purposes.

Other Ecosan projects: Quezon City, Metro Manila Santa Rosa, Laguna (DOH) Danao, Cebu Anda, Pangasinan SCOTIA-USAID: Tingloy, Batangas Cebu City Balicasag, Bohol El Nido, Palawan GTZ Bayawan City, Negro Oriental Cagayan De Oro In the making: Sorsogon Province Bais City Puerto Princesa

Bohol Ecosan

Dan’s Ecosan

Thank you!
www.caps.ph www.ecosan.ph