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Agenda Introduction Descriptive Statistics One–Tailed Test About a Population Mean t-Test Using Two Independent Samples t-Test For Paired Samples Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) Regression Analysis .

Patent and Trademark Office (PT0) .U.S.

.

Descriptive Statistics Frequency Vs Total Provisional Filings .

Determine whether to reject H0 . Specify the level of significance α = 0.05 3. Compute the value of the test statistic 4. Determine the Hypotheses H0: µ ≤ 600 Ha: µ > 600 2. Compute the p-value 5.One–Tailed Test About a Population Mean Selected a small sample of 12 months’ provisional application filings for large US entities (for fiscal year 1996) 1.

The P-value of the hypothesis test.05. . Since this is greater than the specified significance level α = 0.S. the null hypothesis can not be rejected.68. entities is greater than 600. equals 0. Conclusion : The data does not provide sufficient evidence to conclude that the mean filings of provisional applications by large U.

and µ2 denote the mean provisional applications filed by US large entities in 1997. Determine whether to reject H0 . Compute the p-value 5. 1. Compute the value of the test statistic 4.05 3. Determine the Hypotheses H0: µ1 = µ2 Ha: µ1 < µ2 2.t-Test Using Two Independent Samples Let µ1 denote the mean provisional applications filed by US large entities in 1996. Specify the level of significance α = 0.

equals 0.S.The P-value of the hypothesis test. Conclusion : The data does not provide sufficient evidence to conclude that the mean filings of provisional applications by large U.05. entities in 1997 were greater than mean of provisional filings in 1996. Since this is greater than the specified significance level α = 0. the null hypothesis can not be rejected.18. .

Determine whether to reject H0 . and six months after training. Compute the p-value 5.05 3.t-Test For Paired Samples Selected a sample of 10 patent examiners and measured their productivity before training. Specify the level of significance α = 0. Determine the Hypotheses H0: µ1 = µ2 Ha: µ1 > µ2 2. Compute the value of the test statistic 4. 1.

the null hypothesis can be rejected. Since this is smaller than the specified significance level α = 0.The P-value of the hypothesis test. .05. as measured by the number of hours spent per case. Conclusion : The data provides sufficient evidence to conclude that the mean productivity of examiners will improve after training.012. equals 0.

Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) Let µ1. 1995. 1996 and 1997 respectively. µ2.05 . Determine the Hypotheses H0: µ1 = µ2 = µ3 = µ4 Ha: Not all means are equal Specify the level of significance α = 0. µ3 and µ4 denote the mean unemployment rate for the four years 1994.

Since this is greater than the specified significance level α = 0. Conclusion : The data does not provide sufficient evidence to conclude that the mean unemployment rate has changed over the four years. . equals 0.910.05.The P-value of the hypothesis test. the null hypothesis can not be rejected.

Then plotted a scatter diagram (shown below). Productivity (hours/case) Vs Experience (years on the job) .Regression Analysis Selected data on examiners’ years of experience in the job and number of hours they take per case.

940.4 – 0. we see that the correlation of years of experience and hours per case is -0. This shows a strong negative linear correlation between the number of years on the job and the hours an examiner takes to complete a case.The regression equation is Hrs per case = 24. the longer an examiner stays on the job. In other words.681 years From further analysis of the data. the better the rate at which they produce or the shorter the time it takes them to complete a case. That is the value of r. .

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UsefulNot usefulT test, anova, and regression analysis for patents

T test, anova, and regression analysis for patents

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